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Status-Quo dan Inovasi: Respon Strategis Badan Usaha Milik Desa Menghadapi Krisis Pandemik Covid-19

*Ucu Martanto orcid  -  Department Politics, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
Wisnu Pramutanto  -  Departemen Politik, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
Fahrul Muzaqqi  -  Departemen Politik, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
Febby Risti Wijayanto  -  Departemen Politik, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
Hari Fitrianto  -  Departemen Politik, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
Dwi Windyastuti  -  Departemen Politik, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
Christopher Candland  -  South Asia Studies Program, Wellesley College, United States
Open Access Copyright (c) 2022 Politika: Jurnal Ilmu Politik under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/.

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Abstract

Keberadaan Badan Usaha Milik Desa (BUM Desa) di Jawa Timur telah menjelma menjadi lembaga sosial ekonomi yang turut berkontribusi meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat desa. Namun krisis pandemik Covid-19 telah menghantam hampir seluruh kegiatan bisnis BUM Desa. Dalam kajian managemen krisis organisasi, pilihan-pilihan respon strategis saat krisis berperan signifikan dalam proses adaptasi dan pemulihan pasca krisis. Penelitian kualitatif ini mengungkap spektrum pertimbangan pilihan utama respon strategis BUM Desa dalam menghadapi krisis. Analisis atas data wawancara semi-terstruktur pemangku kepentingan menunjukan sebagian besar BUM Desa memilih tetap menjalankan bisinisnya (status quo) meskipun merugi. Temuan penelitian ini berbeda dengan pilihan respon strategis perusahaan swasta dan perusahaan negara dalam menghadapi krisis yang lebih memilih berhemat dan berinovasi. Penilaian atas opsi respon strategis menjadi asupan pemerintah daerah merumuskan kebijakan pemulihan BUM Desa pasca krisis.  

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Keywords: BUM Desa; respon strategis; tatakelola desa; ketahanan organisasi

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