PENERAPAN PRINSIP MODIFIKASI PERILAKU UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN MENYIKAT GIGI PADA ANAK DENGAN DISABILITAS INTELEKTUAL BERAT

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/jp.17.2.119-130

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Article Info
Submitted: 14-02-2018
Published: 16-01-2019
Section: Research Article
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Self-help skills are one of the skills needed to support one's life. Individuals with severe intellectual disability have difficulty to perform self-help tasks, such as dressing, bathing, and toothbrushing. In addition, individuals with intellectual disability usually have other health related problems. To prevent dental health problems among people with severe intellectual disability, it is necessary to prevent it by taking care of dental health. Toothbrushing is one of the most effective ways to prevent it and toothbrushing training are one of intervention that could help. This research applied behaviour modification total-task presentation in children with severe intellectual disability. This research is a quasi-experimental research using a single subject A-B-A design. The participants for this study were a 19-year-old female teenager with severe intellectual disability. This intervention was given as many as nine sessions in three weeks. The data were collected using interviews and observations to record the emergence of a series toothbrushing behavior. Data then analysed using visual inspections method. The results of this study indicate that the total task presentation intervention provides an improvement in the ability of brushing teeth. This improvement still needs to be supported by the carer's directions.

Keywords

intellectual disability; tooth brushing; behavior modification; total-task presentation

  1. Catherina Kartika Hapsari  Orcid
    Fakultas Pikologi Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia

    Magister Profesi Psikologi Klinis Anak

  2. Fenny Hartiani 
    Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia