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The Relationship of Severity Level of Autism and Parent’s Unconditional Love on Children with Autism Moderated by Religiosity and Social Support

*Neneng Tati Sumiati orcid  -  Faculty of Psychology UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, Indonesia
Syanindia Annisa Dewi  -  Faculty of Psychology UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Psikologi

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Abstract

Children with autism have difficulties in social interaction, lack of communication, and repetitive behavior. Those
conditions make parents come to grips with several drawbacks in taking care of their autistic children. The
purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the severity level of autism and the unconditional
love of parents, moderated by religiosity and social support. This study was using a quantitative approach with
structural equation model (SEM) analysis. Participants in this study were 200 parents of children with Autism
Spectrum Disorder (ASD) aged 2-17 years old and were selected by the non-probability sampling technique. The
measurements applied in this study were unconditional love scale, taken from Porter Parent Acceptance scale,
which consists of four items (α = .802; AVE = .628), social support scale, which consists of three items (α = .703;
AVE= .628), Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality, which consists of ten items (α =
.952; AVE= .699), and Childhood Autism Rating Scale, which consists of four items (α = .756; AVE= .574). The
result indicated that the unconditional love of parents was significantly affected by severity level of autism, b = -
.162; t(196) = 2.849, p = .005; religiosity, b = .534; t(196) = 7.101, p = .000; and social support, b = .157; t(196)
= 2.426, p = .016. Religiosity was proven to be essential in moderating the relationship of severity level of autism
and unconditional love, b = .249; t(196) = 3.262, p = .001); while social support was not, b = -.020; t(196) = .293,
p = .770. Religiosity could help maintain the unconditional love of parents for their autistic children, while social
support was not enough to buffer stress caused by them. Thus, parents of children with autism are urged to
increase their level of religiosity

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THE RELATIONSHIP OF SEVERITY LEVEL OF AUTISM AND PARENT’S UNCONDITIONAL LOVE ON CHILDREN WITH AUTISM MODERATED BY RELIGIOSITY AND SOCIAL SUPPORT
Subject parent’s unconditional love, religiosity, social support, severity level of autism; Autism
Type Research Results
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Keywords: parent’s unconditional love; religiosity; social support; severity level of autism; Autism

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