Daily Accumulation and Impacts of Marine Litter on The Shores of Selayar Island Coast, South Sulawesi

Roni Hermawan, Ario Damar, Sigid Hariyadi

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/5.1.15-20


West coast of Selayar facing solid marine litter during west monsoon period December until March, marine litter come from floating litter, carried by sea surface current and deposited along the west coast. Marine litter deposited on the west coast affected social, economic and ecological. This study aims to determine type, weight, density and distribution of marine litter; the impact of litter on water quality; the impact of economic, social and environmental ecosystems. Retrieved data using line transect at 7 observation points. Litter size were observed (> 2.5 cm) or macro litter. Floating litter and daily incresing of litters were also analyzed. Inorganic waste density is 14.3 ± 2.97 items/m2 for the number of pieces and 564.8 ± 196.1 g/m2 for waste weight. Daily accumulation was about 1 445 ± 1 743 g/m/day, the number of pieces 14.3 ± 8 item/m/day, cubication 0.0187 ± 0.019 m3/m/day. The impacts on seagrass and biota such as broken leaves, crushed and organism rafting on floating litter some types of coral such as Favia fragum, types of crustaceans such as Balanus. sp, Lepas. sp, Dosima. sp which affect the bio-diversity. 

Full Text:




Allsopp M, Walters A, Santillo D, Johnston P. 2006. Plastic Debris in the World ’ s Oceans. Greenpeace Report. .[Retrieved on March 2016]


Aprilleria V, Meidiana M, Karina S I. 2015. The influence of monsoon in Indonesia as arenewable energy source and sustainable development. Proceedings of 23rd TheIIER International Conference, Singapore.

Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS). 2015. Statistik daerah kabupaten Kepulauan Selayar 2015. Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Kepulauan Selayar. Makassar.

[Balitbang KP] Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumber Daya Laut dan Pesisir. 2016. Data Perairan Indonesia. [Retrieved on February 2016] www.p3sdlp.litbang.kkp.go.id

Bandiyono S, Ngadi, Imron M, Soetopo T. 2007. Kondisi Sosial-Ekonomi Masyarakat di Lokasi COREMAP II (Kasus Kabupaten Selayar). CRITC-LIPI. COREMAP-LIPI.

Bergmann M, Gutow L, Klages M. 2015. Marine Anthropogenic Litter. Springer International Publishing AG Switzerland Springer Science. Business Media. Spinger Open.

Choy C, Drazen J. 2013. Plastic for dinner? Observations of frequent debris ingestion by pelagic predatory fishes from the central North Pacific. Marine Ecology Progress Series. Vol. 485: 155–163, 2013 doi: 10.3354/meps10342

Critchell K, Grech A, Schlaefer J, Andutta FP, Lambrechts J, Wolanski E. 2015. Estuarine , Coastal and Shelf Science Modelling the fate of marine debris along a complex shoreline : Lessons from the Great Barrier Reef. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 1–13.

Critchell K, Lambrechts J. 2016. Estuarine , Coastal and Shelf Science Modelling accumulation of marine plastics in the coastal zone ; what are the dominant physical processes ? Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 171, 111–122.

Eriksson C, Burton H, Fitch S, Schulz M, Hoff J Van Den. 2013. Daily Accumulation Rates of Marine Debris on sub-Antarctic Island Beaches. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 66(1–2), 199–208.

[ECMWF] European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts. 2016. [Retrieved on February 2016] http://www.ecmwf.int/.

Gall SC, Thompson RC. 2015. The impact of debris on marine life. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 92(1–2), 170–179.

Goldstein, M. C. 2012. Abundance and ecological implications of microplastic debris in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre, 224pp

Goldberg ED. 1997. Plasticizing the Seafloor: An Overview. Environmental Technology. 18:2, 195-201.

Grassle JF, Lassere P, McIntyre AD, Ray GC. 1991. Marine biodiversity and ecosystem function. Biology International Special Issue 23, 1–19.

Jambeck JR, Geyer R, Wilcox C, Siegler T R, Perryman M, Andrady A, Narayan R, Law K L. 2015. Plastic Waste Inputs from Land into The Ocean. Marine Pollution. Science. VOL 347 ISSUE 6223. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)

Krishnamurthy V, Kinter JL. 2003. The Indian monsoon and Relation to Global Climate Variability. Global Climate. Springer-verlag.

Kiessling T, Gutow L, Thiel M. 2015. Marine Litter as Habitat and Dispersal Vector; Marine Anthropogenic Litter, Springer International Publishing AG Switzerland Springer Science. Business Media. Spinger.

Lippiatt S, Opfer S, Arthur C. 2013. Marine Debris Monitoring and Assessment. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS-ORdanR-462005. [Retrieved on October 2015]


Mandasari M AR. 2014. Hubungan Kondisi Padang Lamun dengan Sampah Laut di Pulau Barranglompo. Makassar (ID): Universitas Hasanuddin

McKinney R.L. 1998. On Predictingbiotic Homogenization––species- Area Patterns in Marine Biota. Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters 7, 297–301

Realino B, Teja A, Wibawa, Dedy A, Zahrudin, Asmi M N. 2006. Pola Spasial dan Temporal Kesuburan Perairan Permukaan Laut di Indonesia. Balai Riset dan Observasi Kelautan, Badan Riset Kelautan dan Perikanan, Bali (ID): Departemen Kelautan dan Perikanan Jembrana Bali. 54pp.

Sherman, P. Sebille, E. 2016. Modeling marine surface microplastic transport to assess optimal removal locations. IOP Publishing. Environ. Res. Lett. 11 (2016) 014006.

[UNEP] United Nations Environmental Programme. 2009. Guidelines on Survey and Monitoring of Marine Litter. Regional Seas Reports and studies No. 186 IOC Technical Series No. 83. United Nations Environment Programme / Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission

Uneputty, P. A., Evans, S. M. 1997a. Accumulation of Beach Litter on Islands of the Pulau Seribu Archipelago, Indonesia. Elsevier. Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 34, No. 8, pp. 652-655.

Uneputty, P., Evans, S.M. 1997b. The Impact of Plastic Debris on the Biota of Tidal Flats in Ambon Bay (Eastern Indonesia). Marine Environmental Research 44 (3): 233-242

Vikas M, Dwarakish GS. 2015. Coastal Pollution : A Review. Aquatic Procedia, 4 (Icwrcoe), 381–388.

Walalangi J. 2012. Analisis Komposisi Sampah Organik dan Anorganik serta Dampak terhadap Lingkungan Pesisir Kota Palu Sulawesi Tengah [tesis]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Willoughby, N. G., Sangkoyo, H., Lakaseru, B. O. 1997. Beach litter: an increasing and changing problem for Indonesia. Elsevier.Marine Pollution Bulletin. 34: 469–478

Wright SL, Thompson RC, Galloway TS. 2013. The physical impacts of microplastics on marine organisms : A review. Environmental Pollution, 178, 483–492

Wyrtki K. 1961. Scientific Results of Marine Investigations of the South China Sea and the Gulf of Thailand. The University of California Scripps Institution of Oceanography La Jolla. California.

Published by Waste Resources Research Center (WRRC), Diponegoro University - Indonesia
WasTech by http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/wastech is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0.