Studies on Sono-Chemical Biodiesel Production Using Smoke Deposited Nano MgO Catalyst

P. Sivakumar, S. Sankaranarayanan, S. Renganathan, P. Sivakumar



Abstract


The comprehensive study of smoke deposited nano sized MgO as a catalyst for biodiesel production was investigated. The transesterification reaction was studied under constant ultrasonic mixing for different parameters like catalyst quantity, methanol oil molar ratio, reaction temperature and reaction time. An excellent result of conversion was obtained at 1.5 wt% catalyst; 5:1 methanol oil molar ratio at 55°C, a conversion of 98.7% was achieved after 45 min. The conversion was three to five times higher than those are reported for laboratory MgO in literature. This was mainly due to the enhancement of surface area of the catalyst and the activity of ultrasonic waves. Catalyst is easily recovered and reused up to eight times with easy regeneration steps.  © 2013 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reserved

Received: 18th March 2013; Revised: 20th August 2013; Accepted: 9th September 2013

[How to Cite: Sivakumar, P., Sankaranarayanan, S., Renganathan, S., Sivakumar, P. (2013). Studies on Sono-Chemical Biodiesel Production Using Smoke Deposited Nano MgO Catalyst. Bulletin of Chemical Re-action Engineering & Catalysis, 8 (2): 89-96.(doi:10.9767/bcrec.8.2.4628.89-96)]

[Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.8.2.4628.89-96]


Graphical Abstract


Cover Image

Keywords


Nano MgO; Transesterification; Sonication; Recovery; Regeneration

Fulltext


Full Text: Fulltext PDF

References


  1. Sharma, Y.C., Singh, B., Upadhyay, S.N. (2008). Advancements in development and characterization of biodiesel: a review. Fuel, 87: 2355-2373.
  2. Meher, L.C., Vidya, S.D., Naik, S.N. (2006). Tech-nical aspects of biodiesel production by trans-esterification: a review. Renew. Sust. Energy Rev., 10: 248-268.
  3. Noureddini, H., Zhu, D. (1997). Kinetics of trans-esterification of soybean oil. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 74: 1457-1463.
  4. Freedman, B., Butterileld, R.O., Pryde, E.H., (1986). Transesterification kinetics of soybean oil. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 63: 1375-1380.
  5. Singh, A.K., Fernando, S.D. (2008). Transesterifi-cation of soybean oil using heterogeneous cata-lysts. Energy Fuel, 22: 2067-2069.
  6. Liu, X., He, H., Wang, Y., Zhu, S. (2007). Trans-esterification of soybean oil to biodiesel using SrO as a solid base catalyst. Catal. Commun., 8: 1107-1111.
  7. Dossin, T.F., Reyniers, M.F., Marin, G.B. (2006). Kinetics of heterogeneously MgO catalyzed trans-esterification. Appl. Catal. B: Enviro., 61: 35-45.
  8. Kiss, A.A., Omota. F., Dimian, A.C., Rothenberg, G. (2006). The heterogeneous advantage: biodiesel by catalytic reactive distillation. Topics in Catal., 40: 141-150.
  9. Watkins, R.S., Lee, A.F., Wilson, K. (2004). Li-CaO catalyzed triglyceride transesterification for biodiesel applications, Green Chem., 6: 335-340.
  10. Kim, H., Kang, B., Kim, M.J., Park, Y.M., Kim, D., Lee, J., Lee, K. (2004). Transesterification of vegetable oil to biodiesel using heterogeneous base catalyst. Catal. Today, 93-95: 315-320.
  11. Leclercq, E., Finniels, A., Moreau, C. (2001). Transesterification of rapeseed oil in the presenceof basic zeolites and related solid catalysts. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 78: 1161-1167.
  12. Arzamendi, G., Arguiñarena, E., Campo, I., Za-bala, S., Gandia, L.M. (2008). Alkaline and alka-line-earth Metals compounds as catalysts for the methanolysis of sunflower oil. Catal. Today, 133-135: 305-313.
  13. Ohring, J. ed. (1992). The Material Science of Thin Films. San Diego, Academic-Press.
  14. Dorado, M.P., Ballesteros, E., Lopez, F.J., Mittel-bach, M. (2004). Optimization of alkali-catalyzed transesterification of Brassica carinata oil for bio-diesel production. Energy Fuel, 18: 77-83.
  15. Hartman, L., Lago, R.O. (1973). Rapid prepara-tion of fatty methyl esters from lipids. Lab. Pract., 22: 475-6.
  16. Srivastava, A., Prasad, R. (2000). Triglycerides-based diesel fuels. Renew. Sust. Energy Rev. 4: 111-133.
  17. Fangruil, M.A., Hanna, M.A. (1999). Biodiesel production: a review. 70: 1-15.
  18. Rodriguez, J.A., Maiti, A. (2000). Adsorption and decomposition of H2S on MgO(100), NiMgO(100), and ZnO(0001) surfaces: a first-principles density functional study. J. Phys. Chem. B. 104: 3630-3638.
  19. Rodriguez, J.A., Jirsak, T., Chaturvedi, S. (1999). Reaction of H2S with MgO(100) and Cu/MgO (100) surfaces: Band-gap size and chemical reactivity. J. Chem. Phys. 111: 8077-8087.
  20. Rodriguez, J.A., Jirsak, T., Kim, J.Y., Larese, J.Z., Maiti, A. Interaction of NO and NO2 with MgO (100): photoemission and density-functional stud-ies. Chem. Phys. Lett. 330: 475-483.
  21. Soave, R., Pacchioni, G. (2000). New bonding mode of CO on stepped MgO surfaces from den-sity functional cluster model calculations. Chem. Phys. Lett., 320: 345-351.
  22. Knothe, G., Kenar, J.A. (2004). Determination of fatty acid profile by H1NMR spectroscopy. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Tech., 106: 88-96.
  23. Gelbard, G., Bres, O., Vargas, R.M., Vielfaure, F., Schuchardt, U.F. (1995). H1 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance determination of the yield of the trans-esterification of rapeseed oil with methanol. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 72: 1239-1241.
  24. Cullity, B.D. (1978). Elements of X-ray diffraction. Philippines Addison, Wesely Publishing Company Inc.
  25. Rao, K.V., Sunandana, C.S. (2008). Structure and microstructure of combustion synthesized MgO nanoparticles and nanocrystalline MgO thin films synthesized by solution growth route. J. Mater. Sci. 43: 146-154.
  26. Naoyuki, T. (2007). Simple and rapid synthesis of MgO with nano-cube shape by means of a domes-tic microwave oven. Solid State Sci., 9: 722-724.
  27. Aramendia, M.A., Borau, V., Jimenez, C., Mari-nas, J.M., Ruiz, J.R., Urbando, F.J. (2003). Influ-ence of the preparation method on the structural and surface properties of various magnesium ox-ides and their catalytic activity in the Meerwein–Ponndorf–Verley reaction. Appl. Catal. A 244: 207-215.
  28. Murugesan, A., Umarani, C., Chinnusamy, T.R., Krishnan, M., Subramanian, R., Neduzchezhain, N. (2009). Production and analysis of biodiesel from non edible oils-reviews. Renew. Sustain. En-ergy Rev. 13: 825-834.
  29. Eevera, T., Rajendiran, K., Saradha, S. (2009). Biodiesel production process optimization and characterization to assess the suitability of the product for varied environmental condition. Re-new. Energy, 34: 762-765.
  30. Yan, S., Kim, M., Salley, S.O., Ng, K.Y.S. (2009). Oil transesterification over calcium oxides modi-fied with lanthanum. Appl. Catal. A: Gen., 360: 163-170.
  31. Sivakumar, P., Sindhanaiselvan, S., Gandhi, N.N., Devi, S.S., Renganathan, S. (2013). Optimi-zation and kinetic studies on biodiesel production from underutilized Ceiba pentandra oil. Fuel, 103: 693-698.
  32. Predojevic, Z.J. (2008). The production of biodiesel from waste frying oils: A comparison of different purification steps. Fuel, 87: 3522-3528.
  33. Miao, X., Wu, Q. (2006). Biodiesel production from heterotrophic microalgal oil. Bioresour. Technol., 97: 841-846.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.





Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis (BCREC: ISSN 1878-2993), published by Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University
View My Stats bcreccrossref