Evaluation of wind potential for an optimum choice of wind turbine generator on the sites of Lomé, Accra, and Cotonou located in the gulf of Guinea
This work presents the characterization and assessment of wind energy potential in annual and monthly levels of the sites of Lomé, Accra and Cotonou located in the Gulf of Guinea, and the optimal characteristics of wind turbines to be installed on these sites. Studies of characterization and the wind potential of these sites from the wind speed data collected over a period of thirteen years at a height of 10 meters above the ground, show an annual average speed of 3.52 m/s for Lomé, 3.99 m/s for Cotonou and 4.16 m/s for Accra. These studies also showed that a monthly average speed exceeding 4 m/s was observed on the sites of Cotonou and Accra during the months of February, March, April, July, August and September and during the months of July, August and September on the site of Lomé. After a series of simulation conducted using the software named PotEol that we have developed in Scilab, we have retained that the wind turbines rated speeds of ~8 to 9 m/s at the sites of Lomé and Cotonou and ~ 9 to 10 m/s on the site of Accra would be the most appropriate speeds for optimal exploitation of electric energy from wind farms at a height of 50 m above the ground.
Article History: Received May 26th 2016; Received in revised form August 24th 2016; Accepted August 30th 2016; Available online
How to Cite This Article: Salami, A.A., Ajavon, A.S.A , Kodjo, M.K. and Bédja, K. (2016) Evaluation of Wind Potential for an Optimum Choice of Wind Turbine Generator on the Sites of Lomé, Accra, and Cotonou Located in the Gulf of Guinea. Int. Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 5(3), 211-223.
Ahmed Salahaddin A. (2013) ‘Comparative Study of Four Methods for Estimating Weibull Parameters for Halabja, Iraq.’ International Journal of Physical Sciences 8 (5). Academic Journals: 186–92.
Ajavon Ayite Senah Akoda, Akim A Salami, Mawugno K Kodjo, and Koffi-Sa Bédja. (2015) ‘Comparative Characterization Study of the Variability of Wind Energy Potential by Wind Direction Sectors for Three Coastal Sites in Lomé, Accra and Cotonou.’ Journal of Power Technologies 95 (2): 134–42.
Akdag Seyit A, and Ali Dinler. (2009) ‘A New Method to Estimate Weibull Parameters for Wind Energy Applications.’ Energy Conversion and Management 50 (7). Elsevier: 1761–66.
Al Zohbi Gaydaa, Patrick Hendrick, and Philippe Bouillard. (2015) ‘Wind Characteristics and Wind Energy Potential Analysis in Five Sites in Lebanon.’ International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. Elsevier.
Bagiorgas Haralambos S, Mihalakakou Giouli, Shafiqur Rehman, and Luai M Al-Hadhrami. (2011) ‘Weibull Parameters Estimation Using Four Different Methods and Most Energy-Carrying Wind Speed Analysis.’ International Journal of Green Energy 8 (5). Taylor & Francis: 529–54.
Burton Tony, David Sharpe, Nick Jenkins, and Ervin Bossanyi. (2001) Wind Energy Handbook. Wind Energy. Vol. 25. doi:10.1007/s10661-011-2038-2.
Celik Ali Naci. (2004) ‘A Statistical Analysis of Wind Power Density Based on the Weibull and Rayleigh Models at the Southern Region of Turkey.’ Renewable Energy 29 (4). Elsevier: 593–604.
Editorial. (2011) ‘Wind Turbine Wakes for Wind Energy.’ Wind Energy 14: 797–98. doi:10.1002/we.534.
Impacts Environmental, Wind-energy Projects Committee, Wind Energy Projects, Council Isbn, This Pdf, National Academies Press, and National Academy. (2007) Environmental Impacts of Wind-Energy Projects. National Academies Press Online.
Jowder Fawzi A L. (2009) ‘Wind Power Analysis and Site Matching of Wind Turbine Generators in Kingdom of Bahrain.’ Applied Energy 86 (4). Elsevier: 538–45.
Justus C G, W R Hargraves, Amir Mikhail, and Denise Graber. (1978) ‘Methods for Estimating Wind Speed Frequency Distributions.’ Journal of Applied Meteorology 17 (3): 350–53.
Justus C G, and Amir Mikhail. (1976) ‘Height Variation of Wind Speed and Wind Distributions Statistics. 'Geophysical Research Letters' 3 (5). Wiley Online Library: 261–64.
Kaldellis John K., and D. Zafirakis. (2011) ‘The Wind Energy (r)evolution: A Short Review of a Long History.’ Renewable Energy 36 (7): 1887–1901. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2011.01.002.
Lu Lin, Hongxing Yang, and John Burnett. (2002) ‘Investigation on Wind Power Potential on Hong Kong Islands:an Analysis of Wind Power and Wind Turbine Characteristics.’ Renewable Energy 27 (1). Elsevier: 1–12.
Manwell J.F., J.G. McGowan, and A.L. Rogers. (2002) Wind Energy Explained. Wind Engineering. doi:10.1002/0470846127.
Rocha Paulo Alexandre Costa, Ricardo Coelho de Sousa, Carla Freitas de Andrade, and Maria Eugênia Vieira da Silva. (2012) ‘Comparison of Seven Numerical Methods for Determining Weibull Parameters for Wind Energy Generation in the Northeast Region of Brazil.’ Applied Energy 89 (1). Elsevier: 395–400.
Sahin Ahmet Duran. (2004) ‘Progress and Recent Trends in Wind Energy.’ Progress in Energy and Combustion Science 30 (5): 501–43. doi:10.1016/j.pecs.2004.04.001.
Salami Akim Adekunle, Ayite Senah Akoda Ajavon, Mawugno Koffi Kodjo, and Koffi-Sa Bedja. (2013) ‘Contribution to Improving the Modeling of Wind and Evaluation of the Wind Potential of the Site of Lome: Problems of Taking into Account the Frequency of Calm Winds.’ Renewable Energy 50. Elsevier: 449–55. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2012.06.057.
Stankovic Sinisa, Neil Campbell, and Alan Harries. (2009) Urban Wind Energy. Refocus. http://books.google.com/books?id= RDL2LhTMcQIC&pgis=1.
Tong Wei. (2010) ‘Fundamentals of Wind Energy.’ In Wind Power Generation and Wind Turbine Design, 3–42. doi:10.5860/CHOICE.48-3904.
WD. (1996) ‘Wind Energy in Spain.’ Wind Directions.
The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University as publisher of the journal.
Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University.
International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University, the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in the International Journal of Renewable Energy Development are sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.