Surface Modification, Characterization and Photocatalytic Performance of Nano-Sized Titania Modified with Silver and Bentonite Clay

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.4.2.1249.43-53

Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)

Article Info
Submitted: 25-12-2011
Published: 25-12-2011
Section: Original Research Articles
Fulltext PDF Tell your colleagues Email the author

In many textile industries dyes are used as coloring agents. Advanced oxidation processes are used for degrading or removing color from dye baths. Catalysts play a key role in these industries for the treatment of water. Solid catalysts are usually composed of metals that form supports onto the surface and create metal particles with high surface areas. TiO2 composites containing transition metal ions (silver) and/or bentonite clay were prepared. Photocatalytic efficiencies have been investigated for the degradation of Orange G an azo dye. Various analytical techniques were used to characterize the surface properties of nano-sized titania modified using silver and/or bentonite clay. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and FTIR analyses showed that TiO2 (10 ± 2 nm) and Ag (2 to 3 nm) particles were supported on the surface of the bentonite clay and the size was in the range of 100 ± 2 nm. The modified catalysts P-25 TiO2/Bentonite/Ag and P-25 TiO2/Ag were found to be very active for the photocatalytic decomposition of Orange G. The percent decolorization in 60 min was 98% with both P-25 TiO2/Ag and P-25 TiO2/Bentonite/Ag modified catalysts. Whereas mineralization achieved in 9 hr were 68% and 71% with P-25 TiO2/Bentonite/Ag and P-25 TiO2/Ag catalyst respectively. © 2009 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reserved

[Received: 30 October 2009, Revised: 20 November 2009, Accepted: 21 November 2009]

[How to Cite: N. Divya, A. Bansal, A. K. Jana. (2009). Surface Modification, Characterization and Photocatalytic Performance of Nano-Sized Titania Modified with Silver and Bentonite Clay. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering and Catalysis, 4(2): 43-53.  doi:10.9767/bcrec.4.2.1249.43-53]

[How to Link/ DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.4.2.1249.43-53 || or local: http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/bcrec/article/view/1249 ]

Keywords

Decolorization; Mineralization; Orange G; Nano-composite catalyst; Catalyst-characterization

  1. Neetu Divya 
    Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, 1440011, Punjab, India
  2. Ajay Bansal 
    Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, 1440011, Punjab, India
  3. Asim K. Jana 
    Department of Biotechnology, National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, 1440011, Punjab, India