Manufacturing and Morphological Analysis of Composite Material of Polystyrene Nanospheres/Cadmium Metal Nanoparticles

*Pratama Jujur Wibawa  -  Microelectronic and Nanotechnology-Shamsuddin Research Center (MiNT-SRC), Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, , Malaysia
Hashim Saim  -  Microelectronic and Nanotechnology-Shamsuddin Research Center (MiNT-SRC), Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor,, Malaysia
Mohd. Arif Agam  -  Microelectronic and Nanotechnology-Shamsuddin Research Center (MiNT-SRC), Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, , Malaysia
Hadi Nur  -  Ibnu Sina Institute for Fundamental Science Studies, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Skudai, Johor,, Malaysia
Received: 26 Sep 2012; Published: 16 Feb 2013.
Open Access
Citation Format:
graphical abstract 4043
Article Info
Section: Original Research Articles
Language: EN
Full Text:
Statistics: 618 811
Abstract

A very simple nanocomposite material has been in-situ manufactured from an aqueous polystyrene nanospheres dispersion and cadmium (Cd) metal nanoparticles. The manufacturing was performed by using a high frequency of 40 kHz ultrasonic (US) agitation for 45 minute at atmospheric pressure and at room temperature 20 oC. No chemical reducing agent and surfactant added in this manufacturing technique due to the US could reduce Cd2+ ions of cadmium nitrate tetrahydrate to Cd atomic metals nanoparticles whereas water molecules could act as a pseudo stabilizer for the manufactured material. A thin film was manufactured from aqueous colloidal nanocomposite material of Polystyrene nanospheres/Cd metal nanoparticles (PSNs/CdMNp) fabricated on a hydrophilic silicon wafer. The thin film was then characterized by a JEOL-FESEM for its surface morphology characteristic and by ATR-FTIR spectrometry for its molecular change investigation. It could be clearly observed that surface morphology of the thin film material was not significantly changed under 633 nm wavelength continuous laser radiation exposure for 20 minute. In addition, its ATR-FTIR spectra of wave number peaks around 3400 cm-1 have been totally disappeared under the laser exposure whereas that at around 699 cm-1 and 668 cm-1 have not been significantly changed. The first phenomenon indicated that the hydrogen bond existed in PSNs/CdMNp material was collapsed by the laser exposure. The second phenomena indicated that the PSNs phenyl ring moiety was not totally destroyed under the laser exposure. It was suspected due to the existence of Cd nanoparticles covered throughout the spherical surface of PSNs/CdMNp material particles. Therefore a nice model of material structure of the mentioned PSNs/CdMNp nanocomposite material could be suggested in this research. It could be concluded that this research have been performed since the material structure model of the manufactured PSNs/CdMNp nanocomposite could be drawn and proposed © 2013 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reserved. (Selected Paper from International Conference on Chemical and Material Engineering (ICCME) 2012)

Received: 26th September 2012; Revised: 17th December 2012; Accepted: 18th December 2012

[How to Cite: P. J. Wibawa, H. Saim, M. A. Agam, H. Nur, (2013). Manufacturing and Morphological Analysis of Composite Material of Polystyrene Nanospheres/ Cadmium metal nanoparticles. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 7 (3): 224-232. (doi:10.9767/bcrec.7.3.4043.224-232)]

[Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.7.3.4043.224-232 ]

View in  |

Keywords
Metals covered-polystyrenes; Cadmium metal-covered polystyerene; Thin film material; Polystyrene nanospheres (PSNs)

Article Metrics:

  1. Schexnailder, P. and Schmidt, G. (2009). Nanocomposite polymer hydrogels, Colloidal and Polymer Science 287: 1-11. CrossRef
  2. Yoon, H.; Lee, J.; Park, D. W.; Hong, C. K.; and Shim, S. F. (2010). Preparation and electrorheological characteristic of CdS/Polystyrene composite particles, Colloidal and Polymer Science 288: 613-619. CrossRef
  3. Zhao, X.; Ding, X.; Deng, Z.; Zheng, Z.; Peng, Y.; and Long, X. (2005). Thermoswitchable Electronic Properties of a Gold Nanoparticle/ Hydrogel Composite, Macromolecular Rapid Communications 26(22): 1784-1787. CrossRef
  4. Tseng, C.C.; Chang, C.P.; Ou, J.L.; Sung, Y.; and Ger, M.D. (2008). The preparation of metal-styrene oligomer and metal-SSNa nanocomposites through single thermal process, Colloids and Surface A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 330: 42-48. CrossRef
  5. Muraviev, D. N; Ruiz, P.; Munõz, M; and Macanás, J. (2008). Novel strategies for preparation and characterization of functional polymer-metal nanocomposite for electrochemical applications, Pure Applied Chemistry 80(11): 2425-2437. CrossRef
  6. Kamrupi, I.R; Phukon, P; Konwer, B.K; and Dolul, S.K. (2011). Synthesis of silver-polystyrene nanocomposite particles using water in supercritical carbon dioxide medium and its antimicrobial activity, The Journal of Supercritical Fluids 55: 1089-1094. CrossRef
  7. Zhang, K.; Park, B.J.; Fang, F.F.; and Choi, H. J. (2009). Sonochemical Preparation of Polymer Nanocomposite, Molecules 14: 2095-2110. CrossRef
  8. Gedanken, A (2004). Using Sonochemitry for the Fabrication of Nanomaterials, Ultrasonics Sonochemistry 11: 47-55. CrossRef
  9. Gedanken, A (2003). Sonochemistry and its application to nanochemistry, Current Science 85(12): 1720-1722.
  10. Wei, G.; Wen, F.; Zhang, X.; Zhang, W.; Jiang, X.; Zheng, P.; and Shi, L. (2007). A general method to synthesis of amphiphilic colloidal nanoparticles of CdS and noble metals, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 316: 53-58. CrossRef
  11. Antolini, F; Pentimali, M; Luccio, T.D; Terzi, R; Schioppa, M; Re, M; Mirenghi, L; and Tapfer, L. (2005). Structural characterization of CdS nanoparticles grown in polystyrene matrix by thermalytic synthesis, Materials Letters 59: 3181-3187. CrossRef
  12. Wu, D.; Ge, X.; Huang, Y.; Zhang, Z.; and Ye, Q. (2003). g-Radiation synthesis of silver-polystyrene and cadmium sulfide-polystyrene nanocomposite micropoheres, Materials Letters 57: 3549-3553. CrossRef
  13. Wibawa, P. J.; Saim, H.; Agam, M.A.; Nur, H. (2011). Design, Preparation and Characterization of Polystyrene Nanospheres Based-Porous Structure towards UV-Vis and Infrared Light Absorption, 2011 International Conference on Physics Science and Technology (ICPST 2011), Physics Procedia 22: 524 – 531. CrossRef
  14. Gao, P.; Xiao, G.; Wang, L.; Chen, Y.; Wang, Y.; and Zhang, G. (2011). Ultrasonochemical-Assisted Synthesis of CuO Nanorods with High Hydrogen Storage Ability, Journal of Nanomaterials 2011: 1-6. CrossRef
  15. Novik, A.A. (2010). Applying of Ultrasound for Production of Nanomaterials, XXII Session of the Russian Acoustic Society, Session of the Scientific Council of Russian Academy of Science on Acoustic, 15-17, Moscow.
  16. Campos, M.D.; Muller, F.A.; Bressiani, A.H.A.; Bressiani, J.C. and Greil, P. (2007). Sonochemical Synthesis of Calcium Phosphate Powders, Journal of Material Science: Materials in Medicine 18: 669-675. CrossRef
  17. Naddeoa, V.; Belgiornoa, V. and Napolib, R.M.A. (2007). Behaviour of Natural Organic Matter during Ultrasonic Irradiation. Desalination 8: 40-44
  18. Mohr, P. J; Taylor, B.N; and Newel, D.B. (2008). CODATA Recommended Values of the Fundamental Physical Constants 2006, Reviews of Modern Physics 80(2): 633-730. CrossRef
  19. O’Donnell, B. A; Li, E.X.J; Lester, M.I; and Fransisco, J. S. (2008). Spetroscopic identification and stability of the intermediate in the OH + HONO2 reaction, Proceeding of the National Academy of Science 105(35): 12678-12683. CrossRef
  20. Hua, M.Y.; Chen, C.J., Chen, H.C., Tsai, R.Y.; Cheng, W.; Cheng, C.L.; and Liu, Y.C. (2011). Preparation of a Porous Composite Film for the Fabrication of a Hydrogen Peroxide Sensor, Sensor 11: 5873-5885. CrossRef
  21. Socrates, G. 3rd Ed. (2001). Infrared and Raman Characteristic Group Frequencies: Tables and Charts, John Wiley & Sons: 52-75.
  22. Luo, H. L. Sheng, J. and Wan, Y. Z. (2008). Preparation and characterization of TiO2/polystyrene core–shell nanospheres via microwave-assisted emulsion polymerization, Materials Letters 62: 37– 40. CrossRef