HZSM-5 Catalyst for Cracking Palm Oil to Gasoline: A Comparative Study with and without Impregnation

*Achmad Roesyadi  -  Chemical Reaction Engineering Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering Department of Chemical Engineering, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
Danawati Hariprajitno  -  Chemical Reaction Engineering Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering Department of Chemical Engineering, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
Nurjannah Nurjannah  -  Chemical Reaction Engineering Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering Department of Chemical Engineering, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
Santi Dyah Savitri  -  Chemical Reaction Engineering Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering Department of Chemical Engineering, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
Received: 28 Sep 2012; Published: 21 Feb 2013.
Open Access
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Abstract

It is important to develop a renewable source of energy to overcome a limited source fossil energy. Palm oil is a potential alternative and environmental friendly energy resource in Indonesia due to high production capacity of this vegetable oil. The research studied effect of catalyst to selectivity of biofuel product from cracking of palm oil. The catalyst consisted of HZSM-5 catalyst with or without impregnation. The research was conducted in two steps, namely catalyst synthesized and catalytic cracking process. HZSM-5 was synthesized using Plank methods. The characterization of the synthesized catalysts used AAS (Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy) and BET (Brunaueur Emmet Teller). The cracking was carried out in a fixed bed microreactor with diameter of 1 cm and length of 16 cm which was filled with 0.6 gram catalyst. The Zn/HZSM-5 catalyst was recommended for cracking palm oil for the high selectivity to gasoline. © 2013 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reserved.

(Selected Paper from International Conference on Chemical and Material Engineering (ICCME) 2012)

Received: 28th September 2012; Revised: 19th November 2012; Accepted: 20th December 2012

[How to Cite: A. Roesyadi, D. Hariprajitno, N. Nurjannah, S.D. Savitri, (2013). HZSM-5 Catalyst for Cracking Palm Oil to Gasoline: A Comparative Study with and without Impregnation. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 7 (3): 185-190.(doi:10.9767/bcrec.7.3.4045.185-190)]

[Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.7.3.4045.185-190 ]

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Keywords: biofuel; catalytic cracking; HZSM-5; palm oil; silica alumina

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