Short Review: Mitigation of Current Environmental Concerns from Methanol Synthesis

Andrew Young -  Department of Chemical Engineering and Material Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824,, United States
Donny Lesmana -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Lampung, 1 Soemantri Brojonegoro, Rajabasa, Bandar Lampung, 35145,, Indonesia
Der-Jong Dai -  Department of Chemical Engineering and Material Science, Yuan-Ze University, 135 Yuan Tung Road, Chung Li, Taoyuan, 32003,, Taiwan
*Ho-Shing Wu -  Department of Chemical Engineering and Material Science, Yuan-Ze University, 135 Yuan Tung Road, Chung Li, Taoyuan, 32003,, Taiwan
Received: 10 Oct 2012; Published: 19 Jun 2013.
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Abstract
Methanol has become a widely used and globally distributed product. Methanol is very important due to the current depletion of fossil fuels. Industrially, methanol produced from the catalytic reaction of synthetic gas composed of hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide. Methanol production has brought great attention due to carbon dioxide as the main source of greenhouse gas emissions. Combined of reducing CO2 emissions and supplying an alternative fuel source has created the idea of a carbon neutral cycle called “the methanol economy”. The best catalyst for the methanol economy would show a high CO2 conversion and high selectivity for methanol production. This paper investigates research focused on catalyst development for efficient methanol synthesis from hydrogenation of carbon dioxide through added various supports and additives such as silica, zirconium, and palladium. Catalysts that displayed the highest activity included a zirconia and silicon-titanium oxide promoted Cu/Zn/Al2O3 catalyst. Alternative method of catalyst preparation, include the oxalate-gel, solid-state reaction, co-precipitation and combustion method also investigated.  © 2013 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reserved

Received: 10th October 2012; Revised: 7th February 2012; Accepted: 10th February 2013

[How to Cite: Young, A., Lesmana, D., Dai, D.J., Wu, H.S. (2013). Short Review: Mitigation of Current En-vironmental Concerns from Methanol Synthesis. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 8 (1): 1-13. (doi:10.9767/bcrec.8.1.4055.1-13)]

[Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.8.1.4055.1-13]

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Keywords
Methanol, methanol synthesis, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide hydrogenation, carbon dioxide conversion, methanol selectivity

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