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Studies on Sono-Chemical Biodiesel Production Using Smoke Deposited Nano MgO Catalyst

P. Sivakumar  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Anna University, Chennai-600 025, Tamilnadu,, India
S. Sankaranarayanan  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Anna University, Chennai-600 025, Tamilnadu,, India
S. Renganathan  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Anna University, Chennai-600 025, Tamilnadu,, India
*P. Sivakumar  -  Department of Petroleum Engineering and Technology, JCT College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore-641 105, Tamilnadu,, India

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Abstract
The comprehensive study of smoke deposited nano sized MgO as a catalyst for biodiesel production was investigated. The transesterification reaction was studied under constant ultrasonic mixing for different parameters like catalyst quantity, methanol oil molar ratio, reaction temperature and reaction time. An excellent result of conversion was obtained at 1.5 wt% catalyst; 5:1 methanol oil molar ratio at 55°C, a conversion of 98.7% was achieved after 45 min. The conversion was three to five times higher than those are reported for laboratory MgO in literature. This was mainly due to the enhancement of surface area of the catalyst and the activity of ultrasonic waves. Catalyst is easily recovered and reused up to eight times with easy regeneration steps.  © 2013 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reserved

Received: 18th March 2013; Revised: 20th August 2013; Accepted: 9th September 2013

[How to Cite: Sivakumar, P., Sankaranarayanan, S., Renganathan, S., Sivakumar, P. (2013). Studies on Sono-Chemical Biodiesel Production Using Smoke Deposited Nano MgO Catalyst. Bulletin of Chemical Re-action Engineering & Catalysis, 8 (2): 89-96.(doi:10.9767/bcrec.8.2.4628.89-96)]

[Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.8.2.4628.89-96]

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Keywords: Nano MgO; Transesterification; Sonication; Recovery; Regeneration

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