Application of Cement Clinker as Ni-Catalyst Support for Glycerol Dry Reforming

Hua Chyn Lee  -  Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuh, Malaysia
Kah Weng Siew  -  Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuh, Malaysia
Jolius Gimbun  -  Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuh, Malaysia
*Chin Kui Cheng  -  Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuh, Malaysia
Received: 30 May 2013; Published: 1 Dec 2013.
Open Access
Citation Format:
Cover Image
The increase in biodiesel production inevitably yield plethora of glycerol. Therefore, glycerol has been touted as the most promising source for bio-syngas (mixture of H2 and CO) production. Significantly, coking on nickel-based catalysts has been identified as a major deactivation factor in reforming technology. Indeed, coke-resistant catalyst development is essential to enhance syngas production. The current work develops cement clinker (comprised of 62.0% calcium oxide)-supported nickel catalyst (with metal loadings of 5, 10, 15 and 20 wt%) for glycerol dry reforming (CO2). Physicochemical characterization of the catalysts was performed using XRD, XRF, BET, TGA and FESEM-EDS techniques. Subsequently, reaction studies were conducted in a 7-mm ID fixed-bed stainless steel reactor at 1023 K with various CO2 partial pressures at constant weight-hourly space velocity (WHSV) of 7.2×104 ml gcat-1 h-1. Gas compositions were determined using Agilent 3000 micro-gas chromatography (GC) and Lancom III gas analyzer. Results obtained showed an increment of BET surface area up to 32-fold with Ni loading which was corroborated by FESEM images. Syngas (H2 and CO) ratios of less than 2 were being produced at 1023 K. A closer scrutiny to the transient profile revealed that the presence of CO2 higher or lower than CGR 1:1 promotes the Boudouard reaction. © 2013 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reserved

Received: 30th May 2013; Revised: 27th August 2013; Accepted: 11st September 2013

[How to Cite: Lee, H.C., Siew, W.K., Cheng, C.K. (2013). Preparation Application of Cement Clinker as Ni-Catalyst Support for Glycerol Dry Reforming. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 8 (2): 137-144. (doi:10.9767/bcrec.8.2.5023.137-144)]


Keywords: Bio-syngas; cement clinker; glycerol; dry reforming

Article Metrics:

  1. Rossi, D.M., Costa, J. B., Souza, E.A., Peralba, M.C.R., Samios, D., Ayub, M.A.Z. (2011). Comparison of Different Pretreatment Methods for Hydrogen Production using Environmental Microbial Consortia on Residual Glycerol from Biodiesel. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 36: 4814-4819
  2. Wang, X., Li, M., Wang, M., Wang, H., Li, S., Wang, S., Ma, X. (2009). Thermodynamic Analysis of Glycerol Dry Reforming of Hydrogen and Synthesis Gas Production. Fuel 88: 2148-2153
  3. Dantas, S.C., Escritori, J.C., Soeres, R.R., Hori, C.E. (2010). Effect of Different Promoters on Ni/CeZrO2 Catalyst for Autothermal Reforming and Partial Oxidation of Methane. Chemical Engineering Journal, 156: 380-387
  4. Bermúdez, J.M., Fidalgo, B., Arenillas, A., Menéndez, J.A. (2012). CO2 Reforming of Coke Oven Gas over A Ni/ɣAl2O3 Catalyst to Produce Syngas for Methanol Synthesis. Fuel 94: 197-203
  5. Zhang, Y., Zhang, G., Zhang, B., Guo, F., Sun, Y. (2011). Effects of Pressure on CO2 Reforming of CH4 over Carbonaceous Catalyst. Chemical Engineering Journal 173: 592-597
  6. Bellido, J.D.A., Souza, J.E.D., M’Peko, J.C., Assaf. E.M. (2009). Effect of Adding CaO to ZrO2­ Support on Nickel Catalyst Activity in Dry Reforming of Methane. Applied Catalysis A: General 358: 215-223
  7. Al-fatish, A.S.A., Ibrahim, A.A., Fakeeha, A.H., Soliman, M.A., Siddiqui, M.R.H., Abasaeed, A.E. (2009). Coke Formation during CO2 Reforming of CH4 over Alumina-supported Nickel Catalysts. Applied Catalysis A: General 364: 150-155
  8. Ruckenstein, E., Hu, Y.H. (1995). Carbon Dioxide Reforming of Methane over Nickel/Alkaline Earth Metal Oxide Catalysts. Applied Catalysis A: General 133: 149-161
  9. Kurdowski, W. (2002). Role of Delayed Release of Sulphates from Clinker in DEF. Cement and Concrete Research 32: 401-407
  10. Tsakiridis, P.E., Agatzini-Leonardaou, S., Oustadakis, P., Katsioti, M., Mauridou, E. (2005). Examination of The Jarosite-Alunite Precipitate Addition in The Raw Meal for The Production of Portland Cement Clinker. Cement and Concrete Research 35: 2066-2073
  11. Taylor, H.F.W (1997). Cement Chemistry, London: Thomas Telford Publishing. 89
  12. Chitra, C. (2011). Biodiesel Production from Rubber Seed Oil using Activated Clinker as Catalyst. Bachelor Degree Thesis, Universiti Malaysia Pahang
  13. Li, H., Agrawal, D.K., Cheng, J., Silsbee, M.R. (1999). Formation and Hydration of C3S Prepared by Microwave and Conventional Sintering. Cement and Concrete Research 29: 1611-1617
  14. Shih, P., Chang, J., Lu, H., Chiang, L. (2005). Reuse of Heavy Metal-containing Sludges in Cement Production. Cement and Concrete Research 35: 2110-2115
  15. Gross, S. (1997). The Mineralogy of The Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geol. Survey Israel Bull., 70: 80
  16. Shui, A., Gong, H., Zeng, L., Wang, H., Liu, P., Cheng, X. (2008). Preparation of Flue Gas Desulfurater by Mechanochemical Effect. Bulletin of The Chinese Ceramic Society 27(1): 1001-1625
  17. Masse, S., Boch, P., Vaissière, N. (1999). Trapping of Nickel and Cobalt in CaNiSi2O6 and CaCoSi2O6 Diopside-Like Phases in Heat-Treated Cement. Journal of European Ceramic Society 19: 93-98
  18. Sinyoung, S., Songsiriritthigul, P., Suwimol, A., Kajitvichyanukul, P. (2011). Chromium Behavior during Cement-Production Processes: A Clinkerization, Hydration, and Leaching study. Journal of Hazardous Materials 191: 296-305
  19. Estellé, J., Salagre, P., Cesteros, Y., Serra, M., Medina, F., Sueiras, J.E. (2003). Comparative Study of The Morphology and Surface Properties of Nickel Oxide Prepared from Different Precursors. Solid State Ionics 156: 233-243
  20. Loaiza-Gil, A., Villarroel, M., Balbuena, J.F., Lacruz, M.A., Gonzalez-Cortés. (2008). Thermal Decomposition Study of Silica-supported Nickel Catalyst Synthesized by The Ammonia Method. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical 281: 207-213
  21. Gabrovšek, R., Vuk, T., Kaučič, V. (2006). Evaluation of the Hydration of Portland Cement Containing Various Carbonates by Means of Thermal Analysis. Acta Chim. Slov. 53: 159-165

Last update: 2021-03-06 23:45:51

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-03-06 23:45:51

  1. Characterization of Ag-promoted Ni/SiO2 catalysts for syngas production via carbon dioxide (CO2) dry reforming of glycerol

    Harun N.. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 11 (2), 2016. doi: 10.9767/bcrec.11.2.553.220-229
  2. Carbon dioxide dry reforming of glycerol for hydrogen production using Ni/ZrO2 and Ni/CaO as catalysts

    Arif N.N.M.. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 11 (2), 2016. doi: 10.9767/bcrec.11.2.551.200-209
  3. Hydrogen production from glycerol dry reforming over Ag-promoted Ni/Al 2 O 3

    Harun N.. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.03.093