Electro-Catalysis System for Biodiesel Synthesis from Palm Oil over Dielectric-Barrier Discharge Plasma Reactor

*Istadi Istadi  -  Laboratory of Chemical and Process Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University, Jln. Prof. Soedarto, Kampus Undip Tembalang, Semarang, 50275,, Indonesia
Ardian D. Yudhistira  -  Laboratory of Chemical and Process Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University, Jln. Prof. Soedarto, Kampus Undip Tembalang, Semarang, 50275,, Indonesia
Didi D. Anggoro  -  Laboratory of Chemical and Process Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University, Jln. Prof. Soedarto, Kampus Undip Tembalang, Semarang, 50275,, Indonesia
Luqman Buchori  -  Laboratory of Chemical and Process Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University, Jln. Prof. Soedarto, Kampus Undip Tembalang, Semarang, 50275,, Indonesia
Received: 23 Jan 2014; Published: 1 Aug 2014.
Open Access
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Abstract

Biodiesel synthesis reaction routes from palm oil using plasma electro-catalysis process over Dielectric-Barrier Discharge (DBD) plasma reactor were studied. The study was focused on finding possible reaction mechanism route during plasma electro-catalysis process. The prediction was performed based on the changes of Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS) and Fourier Transform Infra Red (FT-IR) analyses to the biodiesel products with respect to time length of plasma treatment. It was found that main reaction mechanism occurred in the plasma electro-catalysis system was non-thermal pyrolysis rather than transesterification. The main reactions within the plasma treatment were due to collision between high energetic electrons (supplied from high voltage power supply through high voltage electrode) and the reaction mixtures. The high energetic electrons affected the electrons pair of covalent bonding to be excited or dissociated even ionized at higher energy. Therefore, this plasma electro-catalysis system was promising for biodiesel synthesis from vegetable oils due to only very short time reaction was needed, even no need a catalyst, no soap formation, and no glycerol by-product. This system could produce fatty acid methyl ester yield of 75.65% at 120 seconds and other possible chemicals, such as alkynes, alkanes, esters, carboxylic acid, and aldehydes. However, during the plasma process, the reaction mechanisms were still difficult to be controlled due the action of available high energetic electrons. The advanced studies on how to control the reaction mechanism selectively in the plasma electro-catalysis will be published elsewhere. © 2014 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reserved

Received: 23rd January 2014; Revised: 20th March 2014; Accepted: 23rd March 2014

[How to Cite: Istadi, I., Yudhistira, A.D., Anggoro, D.D., Buchori, L. (2014). Electro-Catalysis System for Biodiesel Synthesis from Palm Oil over Dielectric-Barrier Discharge Plasma Reactor. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 9 (2): 111-120 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.9.2.6090.111-120) ]

[Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.9.2.6090.111-120 ]

Keywords: plasma; electro-catalysis; biodiesel; transesterification; cracking; energetic electrons

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