skip to main content

Preparation of Reducing Sugar Hydrolyzed from High-Lignin Coconut Coir Dust Pretreated by the Recycled Ionic Liquid [mmim][dmp] and Combination with Alkaline

Hanny Frans Sangian  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Keputih Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
Junaidi Kristian  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Keputih Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
Sukmawati Rahma  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Keputih Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
Hellen Kartika Dewi  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Keputih Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
Debra Arlin Puspasari  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Keputih Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
Silvya Yusnica Agnesty  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Keputih Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
Setiyo Gunawan  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Keputih Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia
*Arief Widjaja  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Keputih Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111,, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Cover Image
Abstract

This study aims to produce reducing sugar hydrolyzed from substrate, coconut coir dust pretreated by recycled ionic liquid and its combination with alkaline. The 1H NMR and FTIR were performed to ver-ify the synthesized ionic liquid methylmethylimidazolium dimethyl phosphate ([mmim][dmp]). The structure of pretreated substrates was analyzed by XRD measurement. The used ionic liquid was recy-cled twice to re-employ for substrate pretreatment. The treated- and untreated-coconut coir dust were hydrolyzed into sugars using pure cellulase. The reaction, which called an enzymatic hydrolysis, was conducted at 60 °C, pH 3, for 48 h. The yields of sugar hydrolyzed from fresh IL-pretreated, 1R*IL-pretreated and 2R*IL-pretreated substrates were of 0.19, 0.15 and 0.15 g sugar / g cellu-lose+hemicellulose, respectively. Pretreatment with NaOH or the combination of NaOH+IL resulted in yields of reducing sugars of 0.25, 0.28 g/g, respectively. When alkaline combined with the recycled ionic liquids, NaOH+1R*IL, NaOH+2R*IL in the pretreatment, the yields of sugar were relatively similar to those obtained using alkaline followed by fresh ionic liquid. If the mixture enzymes, cellu-lase+xylanase, used to liberate sugars from fresh IL-pretreated, or recycled IL-pretreated substrates, the amount of sugar (concentration or yield) increased slightly compared to that employing a single cel-lulase. These findings showed that recycled IL pretreatment of the high-lignin lignocellulose, coconut coir dust, is a new prospect for the economical manufacture of fermentable sugars and biofuel in the coming years. © 2015 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reserved

Received: 1st July 2014; Revised: 5th September 2014; Accepted: 5th September 2014

How to Cite: Sangian, H.F., Kristian, J., Rahma, S., Dewi, H., Puspasari, D., Agnesty, S., Gunawan, S., Widjaja, A. (2015). Preparation of Reducing Sugar Hydrolyzed from High-Lignin Coconut Coir Dust Pretreated by the Recycled Ionic Liquid [mmim][dmp] and Combination with Alkaline. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 10 (1): 8-22. (doi:10.9767/bcrec.10.1.7058.8-22)

Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.10.1.7058.8-22

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: coconut coir dust; enzymatic hydrolysis; ionic liquid 1,3-methylmethylimidazolium dimethyl phosphate; NaOH; recycled ionic liquid
Funding: Higer Education Department

Article Metrics:

  1. Hon, D.N.-S. & Shiraishi, N., (2001). Wood and Cellulosic Chemistry. 2nd ed., Marcel Dekker Inc,. New York Basel, 83-105
  2. Chunping, Y., Zhiqiang, S., Guoce, Y., Jian-long, W. (2008). Effect and after Effect of g Radiation Pretreatment on Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Wheat Straw. Bioresource Technol-ogy, 99: 6240-6245
  3. Kumar, S., Gupta, R., Lee, Y.Y., Gupta, R.B. (2010). Cellulose Pretreatment in Subcritical water: Effect of Temperature on Molecular Structure and Enzymatic Reactivity. Bioresource Technology, 101: 1337-1347
  4. Zhu, S., Wu, Y., Chen, Q., Yu, Z., Wang, C., Jin, S., Dinga, Y., Wuc G. (2006). Dissolution of Cellulose with Ionic Liquids and its Application: a Mini-Review. Green Chemistry, 8: 325-327
  5. Spigno, G., Pizzorno, T., De Faveri, D.M. (2008). Cellulose and Hemicelluloses Recovery from Grape Stalks. Bioresource Technology, 99: 4329-4337
  6. Kim, K.H. & Hong, J. (2011). Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Pretreatment of Lignocelluloses Enhances Enzymatic Cellulose Hydroly-sis. Biosource Technology, 77: 139-144
  7. Feng, L. And Chen, Z. (2008). Research Pro-gress on Dissolution and Functional Modification of Cellulose in Ionic Liquids. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 142: 1-5
  8. He, Z., Zhao, Z., Zhang, X., Feng, H. (2010). Thermodynamic Properties of New Heat Pump Working Pairs: 1,3-Dimethylimidazolium Dimethylphosphate and Water, Ethanol and Methanol. Fluid Phase Equilibria, 298: 83-91
  9. Zhu, Z., Zhu, M., Wu, Z. (2012). Pretreatment of Sugarcane Bagasse with NH4OH–H2O2 and Ionic Liquid for Efficient Hydrolysis and Bioethanol Production. Bioresource Technology, 119: 199-207
  10. Luan, Y., Zhang, J., Zhan, M., Wu, J., Zhang, J., He, J. (2013). Highly Efficient Propionylation and Butyralation of Cellulose in an Ionic Liquid Catalyzed by 4-Dimethylminopyridine. Carbohydrate Polymers, 92: 307-311
  11. Zhao, H., Jones, C.L., Baker, G.A., Xia, S., Olubajo, O., Person, V.N. (2009). Regenerat-ing Cellulose From Ionic Liquids for an Accelerated Enzymatic Hydrolysis, Journal of Biotechnology, 139: 47-54
  12. Delarosa, S.M., Campos-Martin, J.M., Fierro, J.L.G. (2012). High Glucose Yields from the Hydrolysis of Cellulose Dissolved in Ionic Liquids. Chemical Engineering Journal, 181- 182: 538-541
  13. Tao, F., Song, H., Chou, L. (2011). Hydrolysis of Cellulose in SO3H-Functionalized Ionic Liquids. Bioresource Technology, 102: 9000-9006
  14. Zhao, D., Li, H., Zhang, J., Fua, L., Liu, M., Fua, J., Ren, P. (2012). Dissolution of Cellu-lose in Phosphate-Based Ionic Liquids. Carbohydrate Polymer, 87: 1490-1494
  15. Qiu, Z. & Aita, G.A. (2013). Pretreatment of Energy Cane Bagasse with Recycled Ionic Liquid for Enzymatic Hydrolysis. Bioresource Technology, 129: 532-537
  16. Renken, A., Hessel, V., Löb, P., Miszczuk, R., Uerdingen, M., Kiwi-Minsker, L. (2007). Ionic Liquid Synthesis in a Microstructured Reactor for Process Intensification. Chemical Engineering and Processing, 46: 840-845
  17. Thomas, M.F., Li, L.L., Handley-Pendleton, J.M., Lelie, D.V.D., Dunn, J.J., Wishart, J.F. (2011). Enzyme Activity in Dialkyl Phosphate Ionic Liquids, Bioresource Technology, 102: 11200-11203
  18. Yang, F., Li, L., Li, Q., Tan, W., Liu, W., Xian, M. (2010). Enhancement of Enzymatic in Situ Saccharification of Cellulose in Aqueous-Ionic Liquid Media by Ultrasonic Intensification. Carbohydrate Polymers, 81: 311-316
  19. Datta, & Rathin. (1981). Acidogenic Fermentation of Lignocellulose-Acid Yield and Con-version of Components. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 23: 2167-2170
  20. Park, S., Baker, J.O., Himmel, M.E., Parilla, P.A., Johnson, D.K. (2010). Cellulose Crystal-linity Index: Measurement Techniques and Their Impact on Interpreting Cellulase Performance. Biotechnology for Biofuels, 3:10: 1-10
  21. He, Y., Pang, Y., Liu, Y., Li, X., Wang, K. (2008). Physicochemical Characterization of Rice Straw Pretreated with Sodium Hydroxide in the Solid State for Enhancing Biogas Production. Energy & Fuels, 22: 2775-2781
  22. Moniruzzaman, M., and Ono, T. (2012). Ionic Liquid Assisted Enzymatic Delignification of Wood Biomass: A new ‘Green’ and Efficient Approach for Isolating of Cellulose Fibers. Biochemical Engineering Journal, 60: 156- 160
  23. Lundquist, K., (1991). 1H-NMR spectral stud-ies of lignins, Quantitatives estimates of some types of structural elements. Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal, 3, 140-146
  24. Wen, J.L., Sun, S.L., Xue, B.L., Sun, R.C. (2013). Recent Advances in Characterization of Lignin Polymer by Solution-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Methodology, Materials, 6, 359-391
  25. Cao, S., Aita, G.M. (2013). Enzymatic Hy-drolysis and Ethanol Yields of Combined Sur-factant and Dilute Ammonia Treated Sugarcane Bagasse. Bioresource Technology, 131: 357-364
  26. Muhammad, N., Man, Z., Bustam, M.A., Mutalib, M.I.A., Wilfred, C.D., Rafiq, S. (2011). Dissolution and Delignification of Bamboo Biomass Using Amino Acid-Based Ionic Liquid. Applied Biochemical Biotechnology, 165: 998-1009
  27. Qiu, Z., Aita, G.M., Walker, M.S. (2012). Ef-fect of Ionic Liquid Pretreatment on The Chemical Composition, Structure and Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Energy Cane Baggase. Bioresource Technology, 117: 251-256
  28. Wang, Y., Zhao, Y., Deng Y. (2008). Effect of Enzymatic Treatment on Cotton Fiber Disso-lution in NaOH/Urea Solution at Cold Temperature. Carbohydrate Polymers, 72: 178-184
  29. Sun, Y., Zhuang, J., Lin, L., Ouyang, P. (2009). Clean Conversion of Cellulose into Fermentable Glucose. Biotechnology Advances, 27: 625-632
  30. Sghaier, A.E.O.B., Chaabouni, Y., Msahli, S., Sakli, F. (2012). Morphological and crystalline characterization of NaOH and NaOCl treated
  31. Agave americana L. fiber, Industrial Crops and Products, 36: 257-266
  32. Xiao, W., Yin, W., Xia, S., Ma, P. (2012). The Study of Factors Affecting the Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Cellulose After Ionic Liquid Pre-treatment. Carbohydrate Polymer, 87: 2019-2023
  33. Van Dam., J.E.G, Martien J.A. van den Oever., Keijsers, E.R.P., Van der Putten, J.C., Anayron, C., Josol, F.,Peralta, A.C. (2006). Process for Production of High Den-sity/High Performance Binderless Boards from Whole Coconut Husk Part 2: Coconut Husk Morphology, Composition and Properties. Industrial Crops and Products, 24: 96-104
  34. Miller, G.L. (1959). Use of Dinitrosalicylic acid Reagent for Determination of Reducing Sugar. Analytical Chemistry, 31(3): 426-428
  35. Li, Q., He, Y.C., Xian, M., Jun, G., Xu, X., Yang, J.M., Li, L.Z. (2009). Improving Enzy-matic Hydrolysis of Wheat Straw Using Ionic Liquid 1-Ethyl-3-Methylimidazolium Diethyl Phosphate Pretreatment. Bioresource Technology, 100: 3570-3575
  36. Kumar, R., Singh, S., Singh, O.V. (2008). Bioconversion of lignocellulosic biomass: bio-chemical and molecular perspectives. Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology Official Journal of the Society for Industrial Microbiology, 35: 377-391
  37. Auxenfans, T., Buchoux, S., Djellab, K., Avondo, C., Husson, E., Sarazin, C. (2012). Mild Pretreatment and Enzymatic Saccharification of Cellulose With Recycled Ionic Liq-uids towards One-Batch Process. Carbohy-drate Polymers, 90: 805-810
  38. Yuan, T.Q., Wang, W., Xu, F., and Sun, R.C. (2013). Synergistic Benefits of Ionic Liquid and Alkaline Pretreatments of Poplar Wood. Part 1: Effect of Integrated Pretreatment on Enzymatic Hydrolysis, Bio Resource Technol-ogy, 136: 345-350
  39. Su, C.H., Chung, M.H., Hsieh, H.J., Chang, Y.K., Ding, J.C., and Wu, H.M. (2012). Enzy-matic Hydrolysis of Lignocellulosic Biomass in Ionic Liquid Media for Fermentable Sugar Production, Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 43: 573-577
  40. da Silva, A.S., Inoue, H., Endo, T., Yano, S., Bon, E.P.S. (2010). Milling Pretreatment of Sugarcane Bagasse and Straw For Enzymatic Hydrolysis and Ethanol Fermentation. Bioresource Technology, 101: 7402-7409
  41. Sen, S.M., Binder, J.B., Raines, R.T., Maravelias, C.T. (2012). Conversion of bio-mass to sugars via ionic liquid hydrolysis: process synthesis and economic evaluation. Biofuels, Bioprod. Bioref, 6: 444-452
  42. Konda, NVSN. M., Shi, J., Sing, S., Blanc, H.W., Simmons, B.A., Marcuschamer, D.K. (2014). Understanding cost drivers and economic potential of two variants of ionic liquid pretreatment for cellulosic biofuel production. Biotechnology for Biofuels, 7:86:1-11

Last update: 2021-06-15 20:54:07

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-06-15 20:54:07

No citation recorded.