Biodiesel Production from Vegetable Oil over Plasma Reactor: Optimization of Biodiesel Yield using Response Surface Methodology

*Istadi Istadi -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University, Jl. Prof. H. Soedarto, SH., Semarang, 50239, Indonesia
Didi D. Anggoro -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University, Jl. Prof. H. Soedarto, SH., Semarang, 50239, Indonesia
Putut Marwoto -  Department of Physics, FMIPA, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Kampus Sekaran Gunung Pati, Semarang, Indonesia
Suherman Suherman -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University, Jl. Prof. H. Soedarto, SH., Semarang, 50239, Indonesia
Bambang Tri Nugroho -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University, Jl. Prof. H. Soedarto, SH., Semarang, 50239, Indonesia
Published: 9 Jun 2009.
Open Access
Abstract

Biodiesel production has received considerable attention in the recent past as a renewable fuel. The production of biodiesel by conventional transesterification process employs alkali or acid catalyst and has been industrially accepted for its high conversion and reaction rates. However for alkali catalyst, there may be risk of free acid or water contamination and soap formation is likely to take place which makes the separation process difficult. Although yield is high, the acids, being corrosive, may cause damage to the equipment and the reaction rate was also observed to be low. This research focuses on empirical modeling and optimization for the biodiesel production over plasma reactor. The plasma reactor technology is more promising than the conventional catalytic processes due to the reducing reaction time and easy in product separation. Copyright (c) 2009 by BCREC. All Rights reserved.

[Received: 10 August 2009, Revised: 5 September 2009, Accepted: 12 October 2009]

[How to Cite: I. Istadi, D.D. Anggoro, P. Marwoto, S. Suherman, B.T. Nugroho (2009). Biodiesel Production from Vegetable Oil over Plasma Reactor: Optimization of Biodiesel Yield using Response Surface Methodology. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering and Catalysis, 4(1): 23-31.  doi:10.9767/bcrec.4.1.7115.23-31]

[How to Link/ DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.4.1.7115.23-31 || or local: http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/bcrec/article/view/7115 ]

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Keywords
biodiesel; plasma reactor; optimization; response surface methodology; central composite design

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Section: Original Research Articles
Language: EN
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