skip to main content

Non-Catalytic and γ-Al2O3 Catalyst-based Degradation of Glycerol by Sonication Method

*Ruslan Kalla  -  Chemical Engineering Department, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Sukolilo Surabaya 60111, Indonesia
S. Sumarno  -  Chemical Engineering Department, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Sukolilo Surabaya 60111, Indonesia
M. Mahfud  -  Chemical Engineering Department, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Sukolilo Surabaya 60111, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Cover Image

This research aims to study the effect of the addition of the catalyst γ-Al2O3 on the degradation of glyc-erol with using sonication method. This degradation reaction performed with the aid of a catalyst γ-Al2O3 or without a catalyst. Reactants were prepared from glycerol-water mixture with a mass ratio of 1:8. Experiment was carried out in a batch reactor at atmospheric pressure, temperature range be-tween 30-70 °C for 10-90 min. The products, which were degraded from glycerol, were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC). The results showed that the ultrasonic wave radiation could degrade glycerol. The glycerol conversion was 2.92%-59.95% without employing catalyst, while the conversion of glycerol increased with adding γ-Al2O3.catalyst. It was found that methanol, allyl alcohol and acrolein were deg-radation products. © 2015 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reserved.

Received: 1st June 2015; Revised: 10th September 2015; Accepted: 17th October 2015

How to Cite: Kalla, R., Sumarno, S., Mahfud, M. (2015). Non-Catalytic and γ-Al2O3 Catalyst-based Degradation of Glycerol by Sonication Method. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 10 (3): 304-312. (doi:10.9767/bcrec.10.3.8608.304-312)


Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Glycerol; degradation; sonication; γ-Al2O3; methanol

Article Metrics:

  1. Anonim, 2012 Dewan Energi Nasional, Naskah Kebijakan Energi Nasional
  2. Adhikari. S, Fernando. S,.Haryanto.A, 2007, “Production of Hydrogenby steam Reforming of Glycerin over Alumina-support metal catalysts”, Catalysis Today Journal,129, 354-364
  3. Byrd, A.J., Pant,K.K., Gubta, R,B. 2008, “Hydrogen Production from Glycerol by Reforming in Supercritical Water Over Ru/Al2O3 Catalyst”, Fuel Journal,87, 2956-2960
  4. Buhler, W., Dinjus, E., Ederer, H.J., Kruse, A., Mas, C, 2002, “Ionic reaction and pyrolysis of glycerol as competing reaction pathways in near and supercritical water”, Supercritical Fluid, 22, 37-53
  5. Zhao. H., Chun Hui Zhou, Lin Mei Wu, Jia Yi Lou, Na Li, Hui Min Yang,Dong Shen Tong, Wei Hua Yu, 2013, “Catalytic dehydration of glycerol to acrolein over sulfuric acid-activated montmorillonite catalysts”, Applied Clay Science Journal, 74, 154 – 162
  6. Lehr, V., sarlea, M., Ott, L., Vogel, H, 2007, “Catalytic Dehydration of Biomass-derived polyols in sub-and supercritical water”, Catalysis Today Journal, 121-129
  7. Kaori Omata, Shoko Izumi, Toru Murayama, Wataru Ueda, 2012, “Hydrothermal synthesis of W–Nb complex metal oxides and their application tocatalytic dehydration of glycerol to acrolein”, Catalysis Today Journal, 201, 7-11
  8. Valliyapan.T, N.N Bakhshi, A.K. Dalai, 2007, ”Pyrolysis of glycerol for the production of Hydrogen or syngas”, Bioresource Technology, 1-8
  9. Inaki Gandarias, P.L. Arias, J. Requies, M. El Doukkali, M.B. Güemez, 2011, “Liquid-phase glycerol hydrogenolysis to 1,2-propanediol under nitrogen pressure using 2-propanol as hydrogen source”, Journal of Catalysis, 282, 237–247
  10. Xiaohui Guo, Yong Li, Ruijuan Shi, Qiying Liu, Ensheng Zhan, Wenjie Shen, 2009, “ Co/MgO catalysts for hydrogenolysis of glycerol to 1,2-propanediol ”, Applied Catalysis A: General, 371,108–113
  11. Jorge Trilleras, Efrain Polo, Jairo Quiroga, Justo Cobo, Manuel Nogueras, 2013, “Ultrasonics Promoted Synthesis of 5-(Pyrazol-4-yl)-4,5-Dihydropyrazoles Derivatives”, Applied Sciences, 3, 457-468
  12. Xi Kui Wang, Guan Hong Chen, Wei Lin Guo, 2003, “Sonochemical Degradation Kinetics of Methyl Violet in Aqueous Solutions”,Molecules, 8, 40-44
  13. Jong-Kwon Im, Hyun-Seok Son, Seong-Keun Kim, Jeehyeong Khim, Kyung-Duk Zoh, 2011, “Effect of Frequency On The Sonolytic Degradation Carbon Tetraklorida”, Sustain Environ Res., 21(2), 167-172
  14. Kuldiloke, J, 2002, “Effect of Ultrasound, Temperature and Pressure Treatments on Enzyme Activity and Quality Indicators of Fruit and Vegetable Juices”, Dissertationder Technischen Universität Berlin. Berlin
  15. Cameron, D.K, Wang, Ya-Jane, 2006, “Application of Protease and High-Intensity Ultrasound in Corn Starch Isolation from Degermed Corn Flour”, Journal Food Sience University Of Arkansas : Volume 83, Number 5, 505-509
  16. Czechowska-Biskup, R., Rokita, B., Lotfy, S., Ulanski, P., & Rosiak, J. M, 2005, “Degradation of chitosan and starch by 360-kHz ultrasound”, Carbohydrate Polymers, 60(2), 175e184
  17. Makino, K., Mossoba, M. M., & Riesz, P, 1983, “Chemical effects of ultrasound on aqueous solutions formation of hydroxyl radicals and hydrogen atoms”, The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 87(8), 1369e1377
  18. Riesz, P., Berdahl, D., & Christman, C. L, 1985, “Free radical generation by ultrasound in aqueous and non aqueous solutions”, Environmental Health Perspectives, 64, 233e252
  19. Zhiwei Huang, Fang Cuia, Jingjing Xuea, Jianliang Zuoa, Jing Chena, Chungu Xiaa, 2011, “Cu/SiO2 catalysts prepared by hom- and heterogeneous deposition–precipitation methods: Texture, structure, and catalytic performance in the hydrogenolysis of glycerol to 1,2-propanediol”, Catalysis Today, 183, 42– 51
  20. Zhenle Yuan, Junhua Wang, Lina Wang, Weihui Xie, Ping Chen, Zhaoyin Hou, Xiaoming Zheng, 2010, “Biodiesel derived glycerol hydrogenolysis to 1,2-propanediol on Cu/MgO catalysts“, Bioresource Technology, 101, 7088–7092
  21. Ciftci. A,. Peng, B., Jentys,A., Lercher J. A., Hensena E. J.M., 2012, “Support effects in the aqueous phase reforming of glycerol over supported platinum catalysts”, Applied Catalysis Journal, 431-432, 1173– 119
  22. Yunlei Gua, Naiyun Cuia, Qingjun Yua, Chunyi Li a, Qiukai Cui, 2012, “Study on the influence of channel structure properties in the dehydration of glycerol to acrolein over H-zeolite catalysts”, Applied Catalysis Journal, 429 – 430, 9 – 16
  23. Kapil Pathak, K. Mohan Reddy, N.N. Bakhshi, A.K. Dalai, 2009, “Catalytic conversion of glycerol to value added liquid products”, Applied Catalysis journal, 372, 224 – 238
  24. Yuniati, Y., 2012, Dissertation report "study of the degradation reaction of glycerol in water (subcritical / Supercritical)and the use of sonochemical reaction
  25. Qadariyah, L., Mahfud, Sumarno, Machmudah. S, Wahyudiono, Sasaki. M , Goto. M, 2011, “Degradation of glycerol using hydrothermal process”, Bioresource Technology Journal, 102, 9267 – 9271
  26. Cravotto, G. and Cintas, P. (2005) “Power Ultrasound in Organics Synthesis : moving cavitational chemistry from academia to innovative and large-scale application”, Chem. Soc. Rev. 35, 180-196
  27. Williams, A.R, 1983, “Ultrasound: Biological Effects and Potential Hazards”, Academic Press
  28. Stein, Y.S, and Antal, Jr, M.J., 1983, “A study of the gas-phase pyrolysis of glycerol”, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 4, 283-296
  29. Ott, L., Bicker, M., Vogel, H, 2006, “Catalytic Dehydration of Glycerol In Sub and Supercritical Water: A New Chemical Process For Acrolein Production”, Green Chem, 8, 214-220

Last update: 2021-06-22 00:33:21

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-06-22 00:33:21

No citation recorded.