In-situ Polymerization of Styrene to Produce Polystyrene / Montmorillonite Nanocomposites

*Lahouari Mrah  -  Laboratory of Polymer Chemical, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Exact and Applied Sciences University of Oran1 Ahmed Benbella, 31100 Oran,, Algeria
Rachid Meghabar  -  Laboratory of Polymer Chemical, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Exact and Applied Sciences University of Oran1 Ahmed Benbella, 31100 Oran,, Algeria
Mohammed Belbachir  -  Laboratory of Polymer Chemical, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Exact and Applied Sciences University of Oran1 Ahmed Benbella, 31100 Oran,, Algeria
Received: 29 Jun 2015; Published: 30 Dec 2015.
Open Access
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A reactive cationic surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) was synthesized for intercalation of montmorillonite Mmt, a Maghnite type of clay. The pristine montmorillonite (Mmt) was obtained from Algerian plant with a cation exchange, Organophilic Mmt, was prepared by ion exchange between Na+ ions in the clay. CTAB-intercalated Mmt particles were easily dispersed and swollen in styrene monomer, PS/Mmt-CTAB nanocomposites were synthesized via in-situ polymerization, in-situ polymerization, this method is based on the swelling of the silicate layers with the liquid polymer. The polymer composites were characterized using different techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), The results were showed that, the basal space of the silicate layer increased, as determined by XRD, from 12.79 to 32.603 Å. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) indicated that exfoliation of Mmt was achieved. In this current research, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and  force atomic microscopy (AFM) were also studied. © 2015 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reserved

Received: 29th June 2015; Revised: 9th August 2015; Accepted: 15th August 2015

How to Cite: Mrah, L., Megabar, R., Belbachir, M. (2015). In-situ Polymerization of Styrene to Produce Polystyrene / Montmorillonite Nanocomposites. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 10 (3): 249-255. (doi: 10.9767/bcrec.10.3.8708.249-255)


Keywords: nanocomposites; Montmorillonite; in situ polymerization; force atomic microscopy (AFM); X-ray diffraction
Funding: Lahouari Mrah1* Rachid Megabar1, Mohammed Belbachir1.

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