Experimental Investigation of the Biomass Catalytic Pyrolysis Process to Produce the Combustible Gases with the High Calorific Value

Yury Kosivtsov  -  Department of Biotechnology and Chemistry, Tver State Technical University, A.Nikitina str., 22, Tver 170026,, Russian Federation
*Esther Sulman  -  Department of Biotechnology and Chemistry, Tver State Technical University, A.Nikitina str., 22, Tver 170026,, Russian Federation
Yury Lugovoy  -  Department of Biotechnology and Chemistry, Tver State Technical University, A.Nikitina str., 22, Tver 170026,, Russian Federation
Anna Kosivtsova  -  Department of Biotechnology and Chemistry, Tver State Technical University, A.Nikitina str., 22, Tver 170026,, Russian Federation
Antonina Stepacheva  -  Department of Biotechnology and Chemistry, Tver State Technical University, A.Nikitina str., 22, Tver 170026,, Russian Federation
Received: 29 Jul 2015; Published: 30 Dec 2015.
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Abstract

The study is devoted to the low-temperature catalytic pyrolysis of biomass. The pyrolysis of peat was conducted using natural aluminosilicates and synthetic zeolites. It was found that the pore size of the mineral strongly affects the catalytic activity and provides the processing of the hydrocarbons forma-tion reactions. Bentonite clay was found to be the most effective catalyst for the biomass pyrolysis proc-ess. The use of bentonite clay as an addition to peat allows improving structural (strength, porosity) and sorption characteristics (sorption rate) of the molded compositions and can serve as a catalyst dur-ing its subsequent thermal conversion. The amount of gases obtained using natural aluminosilicate as a catalyst increased by 2 times compared to the non-catalytic process. The calorific value of the prod-ucts obtained was higher due to the light hydrocarbons formation. © 2015 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reserved.

Received: 29th July 2015; Revised: 2nd December 2015; Accepted: 30th December 2015

How to Cite: Kosivtsov, Y., Sulman, E., Lugovoy, Y., Kosivtsova, A., Stepacheva, A. (2015). Experi-mental Investigation of the Biomass Catalytic Pyrolysis Process to Produce the Combustible Gases with the High Calorific Value. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 10 (3): 324-331. (doi:10.9767/bcrec.10.3.8869.324-331)

Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.10.3.8869.324-331

Keywords: Pyrolysis; biomass; aluminosilicate; zeolite
Funding: The Ministry of Science and Education of Russian Federation

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