Nutritional Content of Wild and Cultured Eel (Anguilla bicolor) from Southern Coast of Central Java

*Ima Wijayanti  -  Department of Fisheries Processing Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Endang Sri Susilo Setiyorini  -  Department of Marine Sciences, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Received: 6 Feb 2017; Published: 3 Mar 2018.
Open Access License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0

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Abstract

Culture of eel is being pursued in Indonesia, including Central Java,however there has been no data about proximate analysis of both wildand cultured eel. The purpose of this study was to determine the nutritional content of both the wild and the culturedeel Anguilla bicolor from Southern coast of Central Java. Nutritinonal content observed were moisture, protein, fat, ash and carbohydrates content, Vitamin A, Vitamin E and Mineral (Mg, Zn, Ca, Fe). The samples were obtained from Cilacap, Central Java. The data were analyzed by t-Test of Paired Two Sample for Means to determine difference of nutritional content between the wild and the culturedeel. The level of protein, carbohydrates, and Vitamin A were significantly different (P<0.05) between the wild and the cultured one. Whereas the content of water, fat and ash were not significantly different. Furthermore, there was no significant difference the Vitamin E level between the wild and the culturedeel.Mineral levels between the wild and cultured showed significantly different in Mg, Zn and Fe, but not significantly different in Ca. The moisture, protein, carbohydrate, fat, ash, vitamin A and vitamin E content of the wild eel were 62.81%, 16.20%, 1.39%, 17.92%, 1.34%, 3316.38 mg.100g-1, and 0.21% respectively, while the cultured eel were 62.36%, 17.50%, 0.13%, 17.72%, 1.33%, 2068.55 mg.100g-1 and 0.224%, respectively. Magnesium (Mg); Zinc (Zn); Iron (Fe) content of wild and cultured eel respectively 145.35 ppm; 20.9 ppm; 48.08 ppm and 121.97 ppm; 24.44 ppm; 30.99 ppm. Calcium (Ca) content wild and cultured eel were 0.52% and 0.48% respectively.

 

Keywords : Anguilla sp, proximate, vitamin, mineral

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