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Phytoplankton community structure and it’s relationships with water quality in Bangka Island, Indonesia

1Department of Oceanography, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

2University of Bangka Belitung, Indonesia

3Department of Marine Science, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

4 University of the Ryukyus, Japan

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Received: 24 Nov 2020; Revised: 27 Feb 2021; Accepted: 10 Mar 2021; Available online: 12 Mar 2021; Published: 12 Mar 2021.

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Abstract

Phytoplankton plays an important role in primary productivity in marine environment. Various environmental changes in coastal area will impact the water quality and their phytoplankton compositions. The purpose of this study is to examine the abundance of phytoplankton from two different sites, i.e Tanah Merah (close to mining site) and Semujur Island (away from mining site) in Bangka Island. Phytoplankton and water sample were collected on June- August 2018. Water quality was measured using water quality checker, whereas the phytoplankton was identified under the microscope with a magnification of 100x. Non-parametric Kruskal test and T-test analysis was performed to determine the abundance, diversity, uniform, and dominance of phytoplankton between Sites, respectively. Statistical analyses showed the abundance of phytoplankton at Semujur Island was significantly higher than that at Tanah Merah (p = 0.003). In additions the diversity, uniform, and dominance were also significantly different between sites (all p <0.05). In Semujur Island, Diatoms (Thalassiothrix, Chaetoceros and Thalassionema) were more dominants than the Dinophyceae group. However, in Tanah Merah, the genera Ceratium belong to class Dinophyceae was more dominant than the class Bacillariophyceae. These results performed that the phytoplankton in Tanah Merah and Semujur Island was affected by environment, in this case the mining area. The water quality in Semujur Island (non-mining Area) might have good quality than in Tanah Merah (mining area). The average value of turbidity and Total Suspended Solid in Tanah Merah Waters causes low abundance of phytoplankton. It can be concluded that tin mining can disrupt the abundance and composition of phytoplankton as a primary producer of waters.

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Keywords: Tin Mining; Phytoplankton; Tanah Merah; abudance

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