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2. PENCEGAHAN PRAKTEK KEJAHATAN EKONOMI DALAM PERDAGANGAN BEBAS – ORIGIN FRAUD DALAM INDUSTRI MEBEL KAYU DI JEPARA

*Marten Hanura  -  Prodi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Univeristas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Sheiffi Puspa P  -  Prodi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Univeristas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Andi Akhmad Basith Dir  -  Prodi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Univeristas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Shary Charlotte P  -  Prodi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Univeristas Diponegoro, Indonesia

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Abstract
Indonesia has been known to have abundant natural resources and culture-based creative industries.
The country is therefore vulnerable to the practice of fraud of origin. One of many industrial sectors
susceptible to that particular crime is the wooden furniture businesses. In many cases, it is apparent that
natural products and raw materials of Indonesia are being exported without listing the country as the place of
origin. The most common Indonesian material falls within this illegal practice are timber products. In the
province of Central Java, Jepara has been a prominent center of timber industry producing high quality timber
products and wooden raw materials. From a unique standpoint, the timber industry in Jepara is deeply rooted
to the culture and identity of the natives, making the attempt to separate the discussion between timber industry
and the people of Jepara not only imprudent but virtually impossible. By looking at the statistic in which
Jepara’s public education level is assessed to be still below the national standard, and as well bearing to the
general fact that the timber actors in Jepara are more focused on product sales rather than important technical
aspects such as certification of origin, it should be projected that crimes such as fraud of origin could be easily
committed in Jepara. This study is using a comparative advantage theory and theories or models of H-O to
investigate how the practice of fraud of origin in Jepara occurs and how to resolve such problem.

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Keywords: fraud of origin; wood furniture industry; Jepara

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