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Survei Jentik Nyamuk Aedes Sp. Di Wilayah Kerja Pelabuhan KKP Kelas II Tarakan

*Irayanti Irayanti  -  Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Martini Martini  -  Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Moh Arie Woeryanto  -  Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Henry Setyawan Susanto  -  Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright 2021 Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa

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Abstract

Dengue fever is caused by the dengue virus and transmitted through the bite of a female Aedes aegypti mosquito whose body has been infected with the dengue virus. Cases that continue to increase are influenced by various factors both from the environment and human behavior. The number of cases of dengue fever in Tarakan City was quite fluctuating, where in 2017 it reached 140 cases then in 2018 it decreased to 124 and in 2019 there was a significant increase, There was 730 cases and during early January 2020 32 cases were found. Aedes sp consists of 4 stages, namely egg-larva-pupa-adult, while the main breeding place for Aedes sp mosquitoes was found in water reservoirs or containers that are inside or outside the house. The existence of larvae in an area was closely related to the presence of the Aedes sp mosquito population in the area. This type of research was descriptive research, research was carried out in the working area of the Tarakan Class II KKP port by conducting a single larva method larva survey with 100 houses in the buffer area and carried out by simple random sampling. The results of this study found 28 positive houses for larvae from 100 houses and 37 positive containers from a total of 230 containers examined.Base on  entomological indicators obtained the value of Density Figure (DF) is 5, which means that the density of larvae is moderate and has the possibility of spreading dengue disease.

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Keywords: Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Aedes aegypti, larva survey.
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