Effect of turmeric and garlic supplementation to fermented Sauropus androgynus-bay leaves containing diet on fat deposition and broiler meat composition

*U. Santoso scopus  -  Animal Husbandry Department, Agriculture Faculty, University of Bengkulu, Indonesia
Y. Fenita scopus  -  Animal Husbandry Department, Agriculture Faculty, University of Bengkulu, Indonesia
K. Kususiyah scopus  -  Animal Husbandry Department, Agriculture Faculty, University of Bengkulu, Indonesia
A. Agustian  -  Animal Husbandry Department, Agriculture Faculty, University of Bengkulu, Indonesia
Received: 29 Jan 2020; Accepted: 14 May 2020; Published: 9 Jun 2020.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/jitaa.45.2.91-102 View
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Language: EN
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Abstract

This study aimed to examine the effect of turmeric and garlic inclusion to fermented Sauropus androgynus-bay leaves (FSBL) containing diet on fat deposition, and chemical composition of broiler meats. Two hundred 15-day-old female broilers were distributed into 5 treatment groups with 4 replications as follows. Control feeds with commercial feed additive (T0); Feeds with 1.25% FSBL (T1); Feed with FSBL plus 1 g turmeric (T2); Feed with FSBL plus 2 g garlic (T3); Feed with FSBL plus 1 g of turmeric and 2 g garlic (T4). It was shown that the fat deposition in the abdomen was significantly affected (P<0.01). Furthermore, the inclusion of turmeric and garlic to FSBL containing diet did not affect fat, protein, moisture and ash contents, but increased arginine, methionine and histidine (P<0.01). The addition of turmeric and/or garlic to the FSBL containing diet significantly influenced lauric acid, myristic acid, linolenic acid, cis-11-eicosenoic acid, cis-4,7,10,13,16,19-docosahexaenoic acid (P<0.05), n-3 fatty acid and n-6/n-3 fatty acid ratio (P<0.01). In conclusion, turmeric plus garlic supplementation improved amino acid profiles and changed fatty acid profiles. The possible interaction should be considered when we formulated feed additive from medicinal plant mixtures

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Keywords: turmeric; garlic; Sauropus androgynus-bay leaves; fat deposition; meat composition

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