skip to main content

Sanitasi Lingkungan dan Perilaku Sehat pada Rumah Kos Mahasiswa di Lingkungan Kampus Universitas Andalas

Departemen Kesehatan Lingkungan, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Andalas, Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan No.94, Padang, Sumatera Barat 25171, Indonesia

Open Access Copyright 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

Citation Format:
Abstract

Latar belakang: Sanitasi lingkungan yang buruk dapat mempengaruhi motivasi belajar mahasiswa, menurunkan konsentrasi belajar dan aktivitas sehari-hari di rumah kos mahasiswa. Penelitian ini bertujuan menilai fasilitas sanitasi lingkungan dan perilaku sehat mahasiswa di rumah kos sekitar kampus Universitas Andalas.

Metode: Menggunakan pendekatan studi kasus, studi ini fokus pada kos-kosan mahasiswa di lingkungan kampus Universitas Andalas di Kecamatan Pauh Kota Padang. Sebanyak 96 rumah kos mahasiswa menjadi sampel dalam penelitian ini. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan berupa formulir observasi berisi variabel-variabel yang akan diteliti yaitu kondisi rumah, penyediaan air bersih, saluran pembuangan air limbah, tempat pembuangan sampah dan jamban yang digunakan oleh penghuni asrama ataupun kos mahasiswa. Data diperoleh dengan wawancara langsung terhadap penghuni kos dan observasi lapangan.

Hasil: Sebagian besar (91,7%) rumah kos mahasiswa Universitas Andalas berlantai ubin/keramik. Lebih dari setengah (60,4%) kamar kos tidak memiliki ventilasi. Air minum isi ulang menjadi pilihan dari hampir semua (96,9%) rumah kos di di Lingkungan Universitas Andalas. Semua rumah kos di lingkungan Universitas Andalas memiliki jamban. Lebih dari setengah (61,5%) rumah kos mahasiswa di di Lingkungan Universitas Andalas terdapat vektor penyebar penyakit baik berupa lalat, nyamuk, tikus, maupun kecoa. Hampir semua (91,7%) penghuni kos di di Lingkungan Universitas Andalas tidak memiliki kebiasaan merokok. 

Simpulan: Rumah kos mahasiswa di di Lingkungan Universitas Andalas yang tersebar di 3 kelurahan di Kecamatan Pauh Kota Padang hampir semuanya memenuhi persyaratan rumah sehat.

 

ABSTRACT

Title: Environmental Sanitation of Student Boarding Houses at Universitas Andalas

Background: Poor environmental sanitation can affect student motivation, reduce concentration of learning and daily activities at the student boarding house. This study aims to assess the availability of environmental sanitation facilities and the behavior of students' environmental sanitation in terms of utilizing available environmental sanitation facilities.

Method: Using a case study approach, this study focuses on student boarding at the Andalas University campus environment in Pauh District, Padang City. The research instrument used was in the form of an observation form containing variables to be examined, namely the condition of housing, water supply, sewerage, garbage disposal and latrines used by residents of the dormitory or boarding students. Data obtained by direct interviews with boarders and field observations.

Result: Most Andalas University boarding house students have tile / ceramic floors. More than half of the boarding rooms do not have ventilation. Refill drinking water is the choice of almost all boarding houses in Andalas University. All boarding houses in the Andalas University environment have latrines. More than half of the student boarding houses in Andalas University, there are disease-spreading vektors in the form of flies, mosquitoes, rats and cockroaches. Almost all boarders in Andalas University are not smoking.

Conclusion: The boarding houses of students at Andalas University are spread over 3 villages in Pauh District, Padang City, almost all of them fulfill the requirements of a healthy home.

 

Note: This article has supplementary file(s).

Fulltext View|Download |  Turnitin
Turnitin
Subject
Type Turnitin
  Download (389KB)    Indexing metadata
 CTA
Copyright Transfer Agreement
Subject
Type CTA
  Download (3MB)    Indexing metadata
 ES
Etichal Statement
Subject
Type ES
  Download (5MB)    Indexing metadata
Keywords: sanitasi; lingkungan; rumah kos; mahasiswa

Article Metrics:

  1. Dinas Kesehatan Kota Padang. Profil kesehatan kota padang. 2017
  2. Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Padang. Kecamatan Pauh Dalam Angka 2018
  3. Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum. Modul Rumah Sehat. 2011. 93 p
  4. Depkes RI. Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan RI No.829/Menkes/SK/VII/1999 tentang Persyaratan Kesehatan Rumah. 1999
  5. Kaczmarek A, Wesołowska M. Factors Affecting Humidity Conditions of a Face Wall Layer of a Heated Building. Procedia Eng [Internet]. 2017;193:205-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.06.205
  6. Anhar A. Studi tentang Sanitasi Lingkungan Kost Mahasiswa di Kelurahan Mangasa Kota Makassar Tahun 2010. FKM UIN Alaudin, Makasar
  7. Bagus FS, Rifani MA, Subekti M. Rancang Bangun Prototype Smart E-Kost. J Autocracy. 2015;2(1):19-25
  8. Iffatunnisa A. Analisis Willingness to Pay dan Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Mahasiswa Institut Pertanian Bogor dalam Mengkonsumsi Air Minum di Kampus. Institut Pertanian Bogor; 2018
  9. K faris & Alemayehu. Human and Other Liquid Waste Management. Ethiop public Heal Train Initiat. 2002;(November):19
  10. Ariani L. Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Perilaku Hidup Bersih Dan Sehat Pada Mahasiswa Kos Di Padukuhan Karangmalang Yogyakarta. Jurkessia. 2018;VIII(3):128-34
  11. Ismanto H. Pengendalian Vektor Dengan Pengubahan Lingkungan. J Litbang Pengendali Penyakit Bersumber Binatang Banjarnegara. 2006;II(Juni)
  12. Aswadi M, Hendra. Perencanaan pengelolaan sampah di perumahan tavanjuka mas. Mektek. 2011;13(2):99-110
  13. Ogundele OM, Rapheal OM, Abiodun AM. Effects of Municipal Waste Disposal Methods on Community Health in Ibadan - Nigeria. Polytechnica. 2018;1(1-2):61-72. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41050-018-0008-y
  14. Alam P, Ahmade K. Impact of Solid Waste on Health and the Environment. Int J Sustain Dev … [Internet]. 2013;2(1):165-8
  15. Darmawati AT, Sunarsih E, Trisnaini I. Hubungan Faktor Kondisi Fisik Rumah dan Perilaku dengan Insiden Pneumonia pada Anak Balita di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Yosomulyo Kota Metro. J Ilmu Kesehat Masy. 2016;7:6-13
  16. Boubekri M, Cheung IN, Reid KJ, Wang CH, Zee PC. Impact of windows and daylight exposure on overall health and sleep quality of office workers: A case-control pilot study. J Clin Sleep Med. 2014;10(6):603-11. https://doi.org/10.5664/jcsm.3780
  17. Boubekri M, Lee J, MacNaughton P, Woo M, Schuyler L, Tinianov B, et al. The Impact of Optimized Daylight and Views on the Sleep Duration and Cognitive Performance of Office Workers. Int J Environ Res Public Heal. 2020;17. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093219
  18. Saghawari TO, Rantetampang AL, Mallongi A. The Risk Factors of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Incidence in Sorong City Papua Barat Province. Galore Int J Heal Sci Res. 2019;4(1):81-90
  19. Muda AS, Haqi DN. Determinan Yang Berhubungan Dengan Keberadaan Jentik Di Kelurahan Rangkah Buntu , Surabaya Determinant Factor of Larva Existence on the Rangkah ,. Indones J Heal Promot Heal Educ. 2019;7(1):22-33. https://doi.org/10.20473/jpk.V7.I1.2019.22-33
  20. Bhat LD, Nayar KR, Moosan H, Nair S, Shaffi M. Hand-Washing and Public Health. 2015;(1956):19-21
  21. Haque M. Handwashing in averting infectious diseases: Relevance to COVID-19. J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol. 2020;27(Special Issues 1):e37-52. https://doi.org/10.15586/jptcp.v27SP1.711
  22. Sanaz Ahmadpoor Samani, Soodeh Ahmadpoor Samani. The Impact of Indoor Lighting on Students' Learning Performance in Learning Environments: A knowledge internalization perspective. Int J Bus Soc Sci [Internet]. 2012;3(24):127-36
  23. Sleegers PJC, Moolenaar NM, Galetzka M, Pruyn A, Sarroukh BE, Van Der Zande B. Lighting affects students' concentration positively: Findings from three Dutch studies. Light Res Technol. 2013;45(2):159-75. https://doi.org/10.1177/1477153512446099
  24. National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Residential Indoor Temperature Study [Internet]. Alexandria: U.S. Department of Energy; 2017
  25. Fernstrom A, Goldblatt M. Aerobiology and Its Role in the Transmission of Infectious Diseases. J Pathog. 2013;2013:1-13. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/493960
  26. Memarzadeh F. Literature Review: Room Ventilation and Airborne Disease Transmission. Am Soc Healthc Eng. 2013;ASHE catal(May):1-54

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.