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Hubungan Faktor-Faktor Lingkungan dan Perilaku Kader Kesehatan Dalam Pengelolaan Lingkungan Dengan Kejadian Malaria di Daerah HCI dan LCI di Kecamatan Mayong Jepara.

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Background: Malaria still becomes the world’s problem including in Indonesia. In the residence of Jepara, malaria is still endemic (annual parasite incident 2.28 ‰). Jepara is recognized as one of the endemic areass for malaria infection. The highest percentage of malaria in the resident of Jepara is Mayong (39.49 %). Meanwhile, malaria incidence  is influenced  indeed by the environmental factors and the behavior of the society,  including the role of the health cadres in controlling the environment.

Methods: This research was an analytical research with a cross sectional approach. The independent variable was the environmental factors and the behavior of the help cadres in controlling the environment. Meanwhile, the dependent variable was the incidence  of malaria. Total  samples taken  were sixty-four respondents that came from eight villages of HCI area  and eight villages from  LCI area  in Mayong Jepara. The data were analyzed by Spearman Rank Correlation.

Results: The findings  of the data analysis showed  that there was a significance correlation between the knowledge level and the application of the environmental control with the incidence  of malaria, and there is no significance correlation between the environmental factor and the behavior in controlling the environment with malaria.

Conclusions: The grade of environmental knowledge and practice are significant in correlation  with malaria incidence  and are no significant correlation between environmental knowledge and practice with  the environmental factors.

Key words: environmental factors, health cadre, environmental control, malaria incidence

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