skip to main content

The Influence of Cultural Context in Japan’s Intercultural Negotiations: Analysis of the Drama Nihon Chinbotsu: Kibo no Hito

*Lili Febriyani publons  -  Japanese Language and Culture, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright (c) 2024 KIRYOKU under

Citation Format:

In the Japanese drama titled Nihon Chinbotsu: Kibo no Hito, Japan experienced a major disaster in the form of the sinking of the Kanto region into the ocean. From this disaster, Japan lost land, so its citizens had to be transferred to other countries. Japan is negotiating with various countries to transfer Japanese citizens through the immigration process. This article discusses Japan’s intercultural negotiations with China, the United States, and Australia. The Content Analysis method is used to interpret the film’s content related to Japan's intercultural negotiations with these three countries. By using the theory of Intercultural Communication, this study tries to describe the “cultural context” and values that underlie Japan’s intercultural negotiation process; and analyzes its influence on the negotiation process.

From the results of a thorough analysis of the components in the drama, It can be concluded that “cultural context” plays an important role in the negotiation process, and this context is closely related to the distinction between high-context culture and low-context culture. Both high-context and low-context cultures show prominent basic values, which also influence the intercultural negotiation process. These values are (1) collectivism and individualism; (2) the level of intimacy of the relationship between Eastern and Western cultures, which includes uchi-soto, power distance in the social hierarchy, and reciprocal relations; (3) reciprocation (ongaeshi); which overall affects the negotiation process. In addition, from the analysis, it is concluded that Japan and China have similar values, while the United States has similar values to Australia.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Japan; intercultural negotiation; nihon chinbotsu; high-context; low-context

Article Metrics:

  1. Arikunto, S. (2013). Prosedur Penelitian: Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta
  2. Befu, H. (1971). Japan: An Anthropological Introduction. San Fransisco: Chandler Publishing
  3. Benedict, R. (1947). The Chrysanthemum And The Sword: Patterns of Japanese Culture. London: Secker & Warburg
  4. Berton, Peter. (1998). How Unique is Japanese Negotiating Behavior?. Japan Review No. 10 (1998), pp. 151-161
  5. Brett, Jeanne M., & Okumura, Tetsushi. (1998). Inter- and Intracultural Negotiation: U.S. And Japanese Negotiators. The Academy of Management Journal, Oct., 1998, vol. 41, No. 5, pp. 495-510
  6. Gudykunst, W. B., & Nishida, T. (1986). Attributional confidence in low- and high-context cultures. Human Communication Research, 12, 525– 549
  7. Hofstede, G. (1980). Culture’s Consequenses: International Differences in Work-Related Values. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage
  8. Hofstede, G., Hofstede, G.J., & Minkov, M. (2010). Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind. New York: McGraw-Hill
  9. Jandt, Fred Edmund. (2016). An Introduction to Intercultural Communication: Identities in a Global Community. California: SAGE Publications, Inc
  10. Kazuo, Ogura. (1979). How the “Inscrutables” Negotiate with the “Inscrutables”: Chinese Negotiating Tactics Vias-A-Vis the Japanese. The China Quarterly, Sep.,1979, No. 79, pp. 529-552
  11. Kowner, Rotem. (2002). Japanese communication in intercultural encounters: The barrier of status-related behavior. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 26. 339-361. 10.1016/S0147-1767(02)00011-1
  12. Lewis, R. D. (2006). When Cultures Collide: Leading Across Cultures. Boston, London: Nicholas Brealey International
  13. Neulip, James W. (2015). Intercultural Communication: A Contextual Approach Sixth Edition. California, SAGE Publications, Inc
  14. Nishimura, S., Nevgi, A., & Tella, S. (2008). Communication Style and Cultural Features in High/Low Context Communication Cultures: A Case Study of Finland, Japan and India. Subject-Didactic Symposium, Helsinki, 783-796
  15. Sheng, R., (1979). Outsider's Perceptions of the Chinese. Columbia Journal of World Business, 14, summer 1979, p. 21
  16. Widisuseno, Iriyanto. (2020). Nilai Dasar Kehidupan sebagai Faktor Pembentuk Budaya Malu Bangsa Jepang (Perspektif Filosofis). Kiryoku: Jurnal Studi Kejepangan, Vol.4, No.1, (2020), pp. 62-71. DOI: 10.14710/kiryoku.v4i1.62-71
  17. Yang, Caroline A. Matano. (1987). Multiple Cost Sharing: The Japan Experience. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 491, The Fulbright Experience and Academic Exchanges (May, 1987), pp. 85-91
  18. Yoshino, Kosaku. 1992. Cultural Nationalism in Contemporary Japan: A Sosiological Enquiry. London: Routledge

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-06-21 05:27:59

No citation recorded.