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A. Terms of Writing
Articles for LAW REFORM journal can be either research results or conceptual ideas. Article must be original and have not been published in other media. The systematics of writing as follows:
1. Articles of research include:
A. INTRODUCTION includes:
- Background Issues
- Theoretical framework
- Problems and Gap Analysis
- State of the art (Novelty Research Results)
2. Conceptual idea articles include:
B. DISCUSSION with sub-subtitle discussion as needed
The Introduction chapter contains the background of the problems, theoretical framework, gap analyzes and problems and previous state of the art research. Gap Analysis and Problems contain gaps between das solen (description of provisions, principles, principles, applicable legal doctrine) and das sein (description of empirical facts) and also contains a description of why research needs to be done, and or what is unique about this research compared to previous research. Besides that there must also be research objectives, while the state of the art contains a description of research studies compared to previous research studies published in the Journal (at least refer to 5 Articles in 3 Accredited National Journals and 2 International Journals).
Research methods include discussion of approach methods, research specifications, types and techniques of data collection, and methods of data analysis. For conceptual idea articles, it is sufficient to discuss only the method of approach of the study placed at the end of the Introduction chapter.
This chapter contains scientific findings or findings that are followed by a scientific discussion. The description of the discussion in the chapter of Results and Discussion is descriptive, analytical and critical. The description of the discussion should be adjusted to the sequence of legal issues that become the main elements in the study. The theories included in the theoretical framework should be cited in this chapter. In the conceptual idea article uses the term Discussion, which in it contains sub-sub according to the order of the problems. The description that uses a bullet or Arabic number must be made to follow the sentence. Not allowed to be made in the form of points down. Example: So far there are two voting data updating systems: (1) updating of active voters data; and (2) passive data updating.
The concluding chapter basically contains the essence of the study and is also the answer to the problems studied in the article. Therefore, the preparation of the conclusion chapter should be adjusted to the order of the existing problems. In addition to containing the essence of the study, the conclusions can also be used to test whether or not a research or study objectives are achieved.
References in both research and conceptual articles contain all the references used in the study. References should be published in maximum in the last 10 (ten) years. The composition of the bibliography should be the primary sources (80%) ie national journals, international journals, theses, dissertations, national and international conference proceedings. Other sources (20%) may be books or other reference sources. Each article must contain at least 20 (twenty) references and only references are used as excerpts that may be written in the References. Writing References are grouped according to the type of reference, for example: Books, Journal Articles, Online Sources etc.
Each retrieval or quotation of data from other people / writers, must be written the source of the quote / reference. In the quotation technique, there are 2 (two) types of quotes, namely direct quotes and indirect quotes.
Direct quotation is an excerpt written exactly as the original source, both the language and the spelling by not making any changes at all. Quotes that are less than 4 (four) lines entered into the text, written as typed text, begin and end with quotation marks ("). Quotes that are 4 (four) or more in length, are typed one space, writing begins after seven beats from the left edge.
Indirect quotes are quotes that are not exactly the same as the original. The author only takes the subject matter from the source quoted to be stated again with the sentence compiled by the author. Sentences containing the quotation of the idea are written in duplicate spaces as normal text. The source of the quote is written directly after the quoted text.
Regarding the writing of citation sources, there are several styles in scientific writing which can be chosen and adopted for the writing of citation sources.
The LAW REFORM journal uses citations with the MENDELEY application, which is a bodynote model in the style of the American Psychological Association 6th Edition. Quotation writing format: between parentheses written last name, year of publication. Examples of direct quotes: Argumentation is a form of rhetoric that seeks to influence the attitudes and opinions of others, so that they believe and ultimately act in accordance with what is desired by the writer or speaker (Keraf, 1983).
Examples of indirect quotations: As said by Gorys Keraf that arguments are basically writing that aims to influence the readers' beliefs to be sure of the opinions of writers even want to do what the author said (Keraf, 1983).
Examples of source writing quote:
(Purdy, Kenter, Hardley, & Kinch, 2015)
(United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2016)
References only contain references cited in the article. Writing a bibliography in LAW REFORM uses style as well as a quote that is the style of the American Psychological Association 6th Edition. The following is a guide and an example of writing a bibliography.
Last name, short for first name. year of publication in parentheses. book title (Italic). publishing place: publisher's name.
Irianto, S. (2006). Introducing Socio Legal Studies. Bandung: Torch Foundation.
Rahardjo, S. (2006). Legal studies. Bandung: Citra Aditya Bakti.
Last name, the first name of the first author, & last name, the first name of the second author, publishing year, book title (italic). publishing place: publisher name.
Kusnardi, Muhammad., & Saragih, Bayu. (1994). Composition of Power Distribution According to the 1945 Constitution. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
3. Authors of specific groups or institutions
Name of group / institution. year of publication in parentheses. book title (Italic). publishing place: publisher's name.
Bank Indonesia. (2016). Optimizing Macroprudential Policy to Support the Financial Stability. Jakarta: Bank Indonesia.
The World Bank. (2006). Decentralization and Subnational Regional Economics-What, Why and Where. The World Bank.
4. Articles in Journals
a. Author of 1 Person
Writing journals in order: last name, short for author's first name. year of publication in parentheses. article title. title of the journal in italics (italic), followed by Vol, followed by publishing number brackets and issue: number (if any), month, page number abbreviated as pp. , p.
Saraswati, R. (2014). Arah Politik Hukum Pengaturan Desa ke Depan (Ius Constituendum). Jurnal Masalah-Masalah Hukum, Vol. 43, (No.3), pp. 331-321.
Samekto, A. (2010). Pembangunan Berkelanjutan dalam Tatanan Sosial yang Berubah. Jurnal Hukum Progresif, Vol.1, (Issue:2), p.15.
Hayat. (2014). Korelasi Pemilu Serentak Dengan Multi Partai Sebagai Penguatan Sistem Presidensiil. Jurnal Konstitusi, Vol.11, (No.3, September), pp.461-469, 271.
b. The author consist of 2 or more person
Writing journals in order: last name, first author's first name., last name, second author's first name., & last name, third author's first name. year of publication in parentheses. article title. journal title in italic, followed by Vol, followed by publishing number brackets and issue: number (if any), month, page number abbreviated pp. , p.
Rado, Rudini Hasyim., Arief, Barda Nawawi., & Soponyono, Eko.(2016). Kebijakan Mediasi Penal Terhadap Penyelesaian Konflik Sara di Kepulauan Kei Dalam Upaya Pembaharuan Hukum Pidana Nasional. LAW REFORM, Vol.12, (No.2), pp-266-276.
5. Articles in Proceedings
Writing articles in proceedings is as follows: last name, short for author's first name. year of publication in parentheses. Article title. proceeding name in italics (italic), place of execution: name of publisher (if any), page in parentheses. publishing place: publisher.
Hidayat, A. (2012). Negara Hukum Pancasila (Suatu Model Ideal Penyelenggaraan Negara Hukum). In Prosiding Konggres Pancasila IV:Strategi Pelembagaan Nilai-Nilai Pancasila dalam Menegakkan Konstitusionalitas Indonesia (pp.56–65). Yogyakarta: PSP Press Universitas Gadjah Mada.
Harkes, I. (1999). An Institutional Analysis of Sasi Laut, a Fisheries Management System in Indonesia. In Proceedings of the International Workshop on Fisheries Co-Management (pp. 1–9). Netherlands: ICLARM.
6. Articles as part of Books
Writing order: last name, short for author's first name. year of publication in parentheses. Article title. the name of the editor (if any), the title of the book is written in italic pages using p. or pp. in parentheses. publishing place: publisher's name.
Irianto, S. (2009). Praktik Penelitian Hukum:Perspektif Sosiolegal. In Shidarta. & S. Irianto (Eds.), Metode Penelitian Hukum Konstelasi dan Refleksi (pp. 297–315). Jakarta: Yayasan Obor.
7. Articles in Newspapers (newspaper)
The order of article writing in the Newspaper: last name, stands for the author's first name. in parentheses the year of publication is written, the date of the month. Article title. the name of the newspaper is italic.
Sukirno. (2014, Januari 16). Diskriminasi Masyarakat Adat. Harian Kompas.
Surbakti, R. (2016, September 22). Sistem Pemilu dan Konsekuensi. Harian Kompas.
8. Thesis or Dissertation
Writing in sequence is: the author's last name, the abbreviation of the first name. year in parentheses. Title of thesis or dissertation (italic). the name of the university.
Hidayat, A. (2006). Kebebasan Berserikat di Indonesia: Suatu Analisis Pengaruh Perubahan Sistem Politik Terhadap Penafsiran Hukum. Universitas Diponegoro.
Roisah, K. (2013). Membangun Prinsip-Prinsip Perlindungan Hukum Kekayaan Intelektual Berbasis Kearifan Lokal (Studi Perlindungan Hukum terhadap Ekspresi Budaya Tradisional Indonesia. Universitas Diponegoro.
9. Articles from Online Resources
Online source writing: author's last name, short for first name. in parentheses year. Article title. Retrieved from the name of the website.
Nurjaya, I. N. (2008). Kearifan Lokal dan Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam. Retrieved from http://blogmanifest.wordpress.com/2008.
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. (2016). Combating Discrimination Against Indigenous Peoples. Retrieved from http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Discrimination/Pages/discrimination_indigenous.aspx,accesed 15th April 2016.
10. Introduction or Introduction in Books
The writing order includes the last name, short for the author's first name. year in parentheses. Title of writing. In the title of the book. publishing place: publisher's name.
Ismail, N. (2016). Masih Adakah Ruang Politik Hukum Negara Bagi Implementasi Hak Ulayat. In Perkembangan Hak Ulayat Laut di Kepulauan Kei. Semarang: Undip-Press.
F. Preparation of Tables and Figures
Each table and picture entered in the article, are numbered with Arabic numerals, and titles. The table title is placed above the table, while the image title is at the bottom of the image. The distance between number and title with table, 1 (one) space. Tables and Drawings are placed in groups of text after the table or image is referenced. The images in the article must be clearly printed (font size, resolution and line size must be sure printed clearly). Images and tables and diagrams/schematics should be placed according to columns between groups of text or if too large are placed in the middle of the page. Table creation should not contain vertical lines, whereas horizontal lines are allowed but only important ones.
Table 1. The Authority of Judges
Coloum A (t)
Coloum B (T)
The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Law Reform and Master Program of Law, Diponegoro University as publisher of the journal. Copyright encompasses rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms, and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations.
Law Reform and Master Program of Law, Diponegoro University and the Editors make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in Law Reform journal are the sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.
The Copyright Transfer Form can be downloaded here: [Copyright Transfer Form Law Reform]. The copyright form should be signed originally and send to the Editorial Office in the form of original mail, scanned document or fax :
Dr. Kholis Roisah, S.H., M.Hum (Editor-in-Chief)
Editorial Office of Law Reform
Master of Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Diponegoro
Jl. Imam Bardjo, SH No.1, Semarang, Indonesia 50241
Telp. (024) 8313493
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.
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LAW REFORM (p-ISSN:1858-4810, e-ISSN:2580-8508) is published by Master Program of Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Diponegoro under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.