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Author Guidelines

 A.  Terms of Writing
  1. LAW REFORM Journal is written in 2 column format, the font used in writing Arial Narrow, 1.5 spaces, 12 pt.
  2. Especially for writing the title of the article using the Font Arial Narrow, 14 pt, Bold, Center, Capitalize Each Word, and a maximum of 14 words.
  3. After writing the Title of the article, underneath it is written the author's name. The distance between titles with the author names 2 spaces. The author's name is written without an academic degree, under the author's name written by the author's home agency; and the author's email address.
  4. A number of authors can be more than one person with writing format lined up, separated by a comma (,).  If there is a responsible author or correspondence author (corresponding author) should be marked with a special " * ". This marking is intended to ensure communication-related to articles can be directly received by the right personnel.
  5. Abstracts are written in 2 languages, namely English and Indonesian. Abstract writing 1 space, maximum 100 - 125 words. The abstract should contain a background of problems, urgency/purpose of writing, research methods (for research articles), and research results or conclusions.
  6. Keywords are written bold, consisting of 3-5 keywords, written in alphabetical order, separated by semicolon punctuation (;) every word.
  7. Wikipedia is not allowed to serve as a source of quotations.
  8. The article should be written in accordance with the template in printed form with A4 (210 x 297 mm) writing field size with 2 column format.

 B.    Systematics of Writing

Articles for LAW REFORM journal can be either research results or conceptual ideas. Article must be original and have not been published in other media. The systematics of writing as follows:

1.    Articles of research include:

A. Introduction includes:

- Background Issues

- Theoretical framework

- State of the art Previous research

- Problems and Gap Analysis

B. Research Methods

C. Results and Discussion

D. Conclusion


2. Conceptual idea articles include:

A. Introduction (Problems are placed at the end of the Introduction)

B. Discussion with sub-subtitle discussion as needed

C. Conclusion


C.    Explanation of Systematics Writing

1.    Introduction

The Introduction chapter contains the background of the problems, theoretical framework, the state of the art of previous research and the objectives of the study. In addition, there should also be an explanation of the analysis gap and/or the urgency of the study compared to previous studies. For that, we need a statement of the novelty of scientific studies conducted. The novelty statement is reinforced by a literature review of previous studies.

2.    Research Methods

Research methods include discussion of approach methods, research specifications, types and techniques of data collection, and methods of data analysis. For conceptual idea articles, it is sufficient to discuss only the method of approach of the study placed at the end of the Introduction chapter.

3.    Research Results and Discussion

This chapter contains scientific findings or findings that are followed by a scientific discussion. The description of the discussion in the chapter of Results and Discussion is descriptive, analytical and critical. The description of the discussion should be adjusted to the sequence of legal issues that become the main elements in the study. The theories included in the theoretical framework should be cited in this chapter. In the conceptual idea article uses the term Discussion, which in it contains sub-sub according to the order of the problems. The description that uses a bullet or Arabic number must be made to follow the sentence. Not allowed to be made in the form of points down. Example: So far there are two voting data updating systems: (1) updating of active voters data; and (2) passive data updating.

4.    Conclusion

The concluding chapter basically contains the essence of the study and is also the answer to the problems studied in the article. Therefore, the preparation of the conclusion chapter should be adjusted to the order of the existing problems. In addition to containing the essence of the study, the conclusions can also be used to test whether or not a research or study objectives are achieved.

5.    References

References in both research and conceptual articles contain all the references used in the study. References should be published in maximum in the last 10 (ten) years. The composition of the bibliography should be the primary sources (60%) ie national journals, international journals, theses, dissertations, national and international conference proceedings. Other sources (40%) may be books or other reference sources. Each article must contain at least 10 (ten) references and only references are used as excerpts that may be written in the References.

 D.   The Terms of Writing the Quote and the Source

Quote Writing The literature is written at the bottom of the article in footnote form in the following order:

- Author's name is not reversed and without a title, publishing year

- The book title is skewed followed by a comma

- Publisher place, publisher name, (comma)

- The book page quoted, then the dot.

Example: Barda Nawawi Arief, 2013, Kapita Selekta Penal Law, Bandung, Citra Aditya Bakti, p. 149. 

 E.    Terms of Writing References

The References only contains the references cited in the article. Writing a bibliography in the journal Legal Problems using style is the same as the American Psychological Association 6th Edition with reference manager (Mendeley). Here are the guides and examples of writing a bibliography.


1.    The author of 1 person in the book

Author name reversed and without title, publishing year, Book title (italic), place of publication: name of the publisher.


Arief, Barda Nawawi, 2013, Kapita Selekta Penal Law, Bandung: Citra Aditya Bakti.

2.    The author consists of 2 persons in the book

Last name, the first name of the first author, & last name, the first name of the second author, publishing year, Book title (italic), publisher: publisher name.


Kusnardi Muhammad. & Saragih, Budi, 1994, Composition of Power Distribution According to the 1945 Constitution, Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

3. Authors of specific groups or institutions

Name of group/institution, publishing year, Book title (italic), place of publication: name of the publisher.


Bank Indonesia, 2016, Optimizing Macroprudential Policy to Support the Financial Stability, Jakarta: Bank Indonesia.

World Bank, 2006, Decentralization and Subnational Regional Economics-What, Why and Where. World Bank.

4. Articles in Journals

Journal entries follow the sequence: last name, the first name of author, publishing year, article title, journal title with italic, followed by Vol. (italic) followed in parenthesis and issue number: number (if any), month, page number abbreviated pp. , p.


Saraswati, Retno, 2014, Legal Political Direction of Village Arrangements for the Future (Ius Constituendum), Journal of Legal Issues, Vol.43 (No.3), pp.313-321.

Samekto, Adjie, 2010, Sustainable Development in a Changing Social Order. Journal of Progressive Law, Vol.1 (Issue: 2), p.15.

Hayat, 2014, Multiple Election Correlation With Multi-Party For Strengthening of Presidential System. Journal of the Constitution, Vol.11 (No.3, September), pp.461-469, 271.

5. Articles in Proceedings

Writing articles in proceedings as follows: first name, the first name of author, publishing year, Article title, the name of proceeding in italics, place of execution: name of the publisher (if any), a page in brackets, publisher: publisher.


Hidayat, Arief, 2012, State of Pancasila Law (An Ideal Model of Legal State Administration), In Proceeding of Pancasila Congress IV: Strategy of Institutionalizing Pancasila Values in Enforcing Indonesian Constitution (pp.56-65), Yogyakarta: PSP Press Gadjah Mada University.

6. Articles as part of Books

Order sequence: last name, first name of the author, publishing year, Article title, editor name (if any), The title of the book is written in italic of the page using p. or pp. in brackets, place of publication: the name of the publisher.


Irianto, Sulistyowati, 2009, Legal Research Practice: Sociolegal Perspective. In Shidarta. & S. Irianto (Eds.), Constellation and Reflection Law Research Methods (pp. 297-315), Jakarta: The Torch Foundation.

7. Articles in Newspapers (newspaper)

The order of writing articles in Newspapers: last name, the first name of the author, in parentheses written the year of publication, month date, article title, the name of newspaper written italic.


Sukirno, (2014, January 16), Discrimination of Indigenous Peoples, Daily Kompas.

Surbakti, Rama, (2016, September 22), Electoral Systems and Consequences, Daily Kompas.

8. Thesis or Dissertation

Writing in the sequence are author's last name, first name, year, Title of thesis or italic dissertation, the name of the university.


Hidayat, Arief, 2006, Freedom of Association in Indonesia: An Analysis of the Influence of Political System Changes Against Law Interpretation, Diponegoro University.

Roisah, Kholis, 2013, Building Principles of Intellectual Property Protection Based on Local Wisdom (Study of Legal Protection against Indonesian Traditional Culture Expression, Diponegoro University.

9. Articles from Online Resources

Online source writing: author's last name, first name, year, Article title, Retrieved from website name.


Nurjaya, Ida, 2008, Local Wisdom, and Natural Resource Management Retrieved from

United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2016, Combating Discrimination Against Indigenous Peoples, Retrieved from,accesed 15th April 2016.

10. Introduction or Introduction in Books

The order of writing includes first name, the first name of author, year, Title of title, In the title of the book, place of publication: name of the publisher.


Ismail, Joko, 2016, Is Still a Political Chamber of State Law for the Implementation of Ulayat Rights. In Development of Oceanic Rights in Kei Island, Semarang: Undip-Press.

Harkes, I. (1999). An Institutional Analysis of Sasi Laut, a Fisheries Management System in Indonesia. In Proceedings of the International Workshop on Fisheries Co-Management (pp. 1-9). Netherlands: ICLARM.


F. Preparation of Tables and Figures

Each table and picture entered in the article, are numbered with Arabic numerals, and titles. The table title is placed above the table, while the image title is at the bottom of the image. The distance between number and title with table, 1 (one) space. Tables and Drawings are placed in groups of text after the table or image is referenced. The images in the article must be clearly printed (font size, resolution and line size must be sure printed clearly). Images and tables and diagrams/schematics should be placed according to columns between groups of text or if too large are placed in the middle of the page. Table creation should not contain vertical lines, whereas horizontal lines are allowed but only important ones.


Table 1. The Authority of Judges

Column Title / Name

Column A (t)

Column B (T)












Copyright Notice

The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Law Reform and Master Program of Law, Diponegoro University as publisher of the journal.


Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations.

 The author has the right to the following:

  1. duplicate all or part of the published material for use by the author himself as a classroom instruction or verbal presentation material in various forums;
  2. reusing part or all of the material as a compilation material for author's work;
  3. make copies of published material to be distributed within the institute where the author works.


Law Reform and Master Program of Law, Diponegoro University, the Editors and the Advisory Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in Law Reform are the sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.