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Modified Pro-Self Pain Control to Increase Activity in Patients with Colorectal Cancer

*Khoirunnisa’ Munawaroh  -  Student of Master Program in Nursing, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Untung Sujianto  -  Department of Nursing, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Mardiyono Mardiyono  -  Health Polytechnic of Semarang, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright (c) 2017 Nurse Media Journal of Nursing

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Background: Barriers to performing activities of daily living are common complaints of patients with cancer. One of the factors causing these barriers is pain. A modified pro-self pain control is a method used to enhance the patients’ ability to cope with pain to increase their activity.

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the modified pro-self pain control to increase activity in patients with colorectal cancer undergoing chemotherapy.

Methods: The present study employed an experimental design. Patients with colorectal cancer undergoing chemotherapy were randomly assigned to the intervention group (n=24) and the control group (n=24). The patients in the control group were given a standard hospital intervention, while the patients in the intervention group were given the modified pro-self pain control for nine days. The data were collected using the instrument of KATZ index and analyzed using the independent t-test.

Results: The result of this study showed that there was a higher increase of activity among the patients in the intervention group than in the control group. Independent t-test showed that there was a significant difference between the intervention group and the control group (p=0.00).

Conclusion: The modified pro-self pain control was found more effective to increase the activity in patients with colorectal cancer undergoing chemotherapy than that of the standard hospital intervention. 

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Keywords: Activity; pro-self pain control; colorectal cancer

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