Modified Pro-Self Pain Control to Increase Activity in Patients with Colorectal Cancer

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/nmjn.v7i1.15128

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Published: 05-07-2017
Section: Articles
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Background: Barriers to performing activities of daily living are common complaints of patients with cancer. One of the factors causing these barriers is pain. A modified pro-self pain control is a method used to enhance the patients’ ability to cope with pain to increase their activity.

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the modified pro-self pain control to increase activity in patients with colorectal cancer undergoing chemotherapy.

Methods: The present study employed an experimental design. Patients with colorectal cancer undergoing chemotherapy were randomly assigned to the intervention group (n=24) and the control group (n=24). The patients in the control group were given a standard hospital intervention, while the patients in the intervention group were given the modified pro-self pain control for nine days. The data were collected using the instrument of KATZ index and analyzed using the independent t-test.

Results: The result of this study showed that there was a higher increase of activity among the patients in the intervention group than in the control group. Independent t-test showed that there was a significant difference between the intervention group and the control group (p=0.00).

Conclusion: The modified pro-self pain control was found more effective to increase the activity in patients with colorectal cancer undergoing chemotherapy than that of the standard hospital intervention. 

Keywords

Activity; pro-self pain control; colorectal cancer

  1. Khoirunnisa’ Munawaroh 
    Student of Master Program in Nursing, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
  2. Untung Sujianto 
    Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
  3. Mardiyono Mardiyono 
    Department of Nursing, Health Polytechnic of Semarang, Indonesia
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