Effects of Mindfulness on Stimulating Hope and Recovery among People with Schizophrenia

Halimah Wenny Yulina Astuti  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Murti Agustin  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
*Sri Padma Sari  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Diyan Yuli Wijayanti  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Widodo Sarjana  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Rozzano C. Locsin  -  Tokushima University, Japan
Received: 2 Mar 2020; Revised: 8 Aug 2020; Accepted: 11 Aug 2020; Published: 27 Aug 2020.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 Nurse Media Journal of Nursing
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract

Background: Hope has an essential role in the recovery journey for people with schizophrenia. Current studies showed that people with schizophrenia reported having low hope. There is growing evidence that mindfulness has favorable effects on mental health in populations with chronic illness, including people with schizophrenia. However, the studies evaluating effects of mindfulness on hope and recovery for people with schizophrenia are limited.

Purpose: This study aimed to examine the effects of mindfulness on hope and recovery among people with schizophrenia.

Methods: This quasi-experimental study was carried out on 54 patients with schizophrenia based on purposive sampling in a psychiatric hospital in Indonesia. The respondents were divided into two groups with 27 patients each in the intervention and the control group. The intervention group received 2-session mindfulness, while the control group received standard care. The data were collected using the demographic questionnaire, the Schizophrenia Hope Scale (SHS-9), and Recovery Assessment Scale (RAS), and analyzed using the Chi-Square and Mann-Whitney tests. 

Results: After mindfulness therapy, the intervention group showed a higher mean score of hope than the control group (14.30±2.50 and 9.04±2.15, respectively) as well as in the mean of recovery (86.78±4.00 and 73.56±6.04, respectively). There were significant differences in hope and recovery levels between the two groups with p-value <0.001.

Conclusion: This study showed that mindfulness is an effective strategy to stimulate hope and recovery among people with schizophrenia. Nurses can apply mindfulness as one of the nursing interventions for helping the recovery process among this population.


 

Keywords: Hope; mindfulness; recovery; schizophrenia

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