skip to main content

Parents' Attitudes Toward COVID-19 Vaccination for School Children in Jordan

Ahlam Abo Zaid  -  Mafraq Health Directorate, Jordan
*Mohammad Mahmoud Suliman orcid  -  Department of Community and Mental Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Al al-Bayt University, Jordan
Mohammed ALBashtawy  -  Department of Community and Mental Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Al al-Bayt University, Jordan
Wafa' Ta’an  -  Department of Community and Mental Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Jordan
Mean Aljezawi  -  Department of Community and Mental Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Al al-Bayt University, Jordan
Asem Abdalrahim  -  Department of Community and Mental Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Al al-Bayt University, Jordan
Abdullah Alkhawaldeh  -  Department of Community and Mental Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Al al-Bayt University, Jordan
Open Access Copyright (c) 2023 Nurse Media Journal of Nursing
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Citation Format:

Background: Vaccination against COVID-19 is pivotal in curbing the spread of the virus among school children. However, there is a dearth of studies exploring parents’ attitudes and acceptance levels regarding immunizing their children against COVID-19 in Jordan.

Purpose: This study aimed to assess parents’ attitudes and key concerns toward administering COVID-19 vaccines to their school-aged children in Jordan. Additionally, it sought to identify the differences in parents’ attitudes based on socio-demographic variables.

Methods: The cross-sectional and correlational study was conducted in AL-Mafraq governance within Northeastern Badia schools from March to May 2022 and involved 498 eligible parents. Stratifying the parent population based on school districts, data were conveniently collected using the Parent Attitude about Childhood Vaccines (PACV) scale. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 17 facilitated data analysis, incorporating descriptive and inferential statistics at a significance level of 0.05, with a 5% margin of error. The independent t-test and One-Way ANOVA were employed to depict differences between studied variables.

Results: The result showed that out of 600 distributed questionnaires, 498 were returned, resulting in a response rate of 83%. Findings revealed parental reluctance toward administering COVID-19 vaccination to their children. Notably, 65.9% of parents expressed concern about potential serious side effects, while 57.8% of parents harbored anxieties about vaccine safety and efficacy. Marital status emerged as a significant factor, with widowed parents exhibiting a more favorable attitude (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Parents in Jordan are hesitant about COVID-19 vaccination for their school-aged children. Addressing these concerns necessitates educational campaigns through various channels, including social media and authorized TV and radio, to reassure parents about vaccine effectiveness and safety. This proactive approach is crucial to fostering broader acceptance and ensuring the success of vaccination initiatives.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Attitudes; children; COVID-19; Jordan; parents; school; vaccine

Article Metrics:

  1. Alsuwaidi, A. R., Elbarazi, I., Al-Hamad, S., Aldhaheri, R., Sheek-Hussein, M., & Narchi, H. (2020). Vaccine hesitancy and its determinants among Arab parents: A cross-sectional survey in the United Arab Emirates. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, 16(12), 3163-3169.
  2. Anokye, R., Acheampong, E., Budu-Ainooson, A., Edusei, A. K., Okyere, P., Dogbe, J., & Nadutey, A. (2018). Socio-demographic determinants of childhood immunization incompletion in Koforidua, Ghana. BMC Research Notes, 11(1), 656.
  3. Babicki, M., Pokorna-Kałwak, D., Doniec, Z., & Mastalerz-Migas, A. (2021). Attitudes of parents with regard to vaccination of children against COVID-19 in Poland. A Nationwide online survey. Vaccines, 9(10), 1192.
  4. Bagateli, L. E., Saeki, E. Y., Fadda, M., Agostoni, C., Marchisio, P., & Milani, G. P. (2021). COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among parents of children and adolescents living in Brazil. Vaccines, 9(10), 1115.
  5. Bell, S., Clarke, R., Paterson, P., & Mounier-Jack, S. (2021). Parents’ and guardians’ views and experiences of accessing routine childhood vaccinations during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic: A mixed methods study in England. PLOS ONE, 15(12), e0244049. 10.1371/journal.pone.0244049
  6. Choi, S. H., Jo, Y. H., Jo, K. J., & Park, S. E. (2021). Pediatric and parents' attitudes towards COVID-19 vaccines and intention to vaccinate for children. Journal of Korean Medical Science, 36(31), e227.
  7. Dong, C., Cao, S., & Li, H. (2020). Young children’s online learning during COVID-19 pandemic: Chinese parents’ beliefs and attitudes. Children and Youth Services Review, 118, 105440.
  8. Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A. G., & Buchner, A. (2007). G*Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods, 39(2), 175–191.
  9. Fedele, F., Aria, M., Esposito, V., Micillo, M., Cecere, G., Spano, M., & De Marco, G. (2021). COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy: A survey in a population highly compliant to common vaccinations. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, 17(10), 3348-3354.
  10. Goldman, R. D., Yan, T. D., Seiler, M., Parra Cotanda, C., Brown, J. C., Klein, E. J., Hoeffe, J., Gelernter, R., Hall, J. E., Davis, A. L., Griffiths, M. A., Mater, A., Manzano, S., Gualco, G., Shimizu, N., Hurt, T. L., Ahmed, S., Hansen, M., Sheridan, D., Ali, S., … International COVID-19 Parental Attitude Study (COVIPAS) Group (2020). Caregiver willingness to vaccinate their children against COVID-19: Cross sectional survey. Vaccine, 38(48), 7668–7673.
  11. Humble, R. M., Sell, H., Dubé, E., MacDonald, N. E., Robinson, J., Driedger, S. M., Sadarangani, M., Meyer, S. B., Wilson, S., Benzies, K. M., Lemaire-Paquette, S., & MacDonald, S. E. (2021). Canadian parents’ perceptions of COVID-19 vaccination and intention to vaccinate their children: Results from a cross-sectional national survey. Vaccine, 39(52), 7669–7676.
  12. Jordan Times. (2023). The Jordanian Ministry of Health (MOH) and Ministry of Education (MOE) approved the COVID-19 vaccine for children aged 12 to 18. The Jordan Times.
  13. Kwok, K. O., Li, K. K., Wei, W. I., Fong Tsoi, M. T., Tang, A., Lam, H. S., McNeil, E. B., & Shan Wong, S. Y. (2022). Likelihood of COVID-19 vaccination among primary school students in Hong Kong. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 28(1), 142–144.
  14. Opel, D. J., Taylor, J. A., Mangione-Smith, R., Solomon, C., Zhao, C., Catz, S., & Martin, D. (2011). Validity and reliability of a survey to identify vaccine-hesitant parents. Vaccine, 29(38), 6598–6605.
  15. Pan, F., Zhao, H., Nicholas, S., Maitland, E., Liu, R., & Hou, Q. (2021). Parents’ decisions to vaccinate children against COVID-19: A scoping review. Vaccines, 9(12), 1476.
  16. Polit, D., & Beck, C. (2017). Resource manual for nursing research: Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  17. Sallam, M. (2021). COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy worldwide: A concise systematic review of vaccine acceptance rates. Vaccines, 9(2), 160.
  18. Suran, M. (2022). Why parents still hesitate to vaccinate their children against COVID-19. JAMA, 327(1), 23–25.
  19. Teasdale, C. A., Borrell, L. N., Kimball, S., Rinke, M. L., Rane, M., Fleary, S. A., & Nash, D. (2021). Plans to vaccinate children for coronavirus disease 2019: A survey of United States parents. The Journal of Pediatrics, 237, 292-297.
  20. Williams, S., Rothman, R., Offit, P., Schaffner, W., Sullivan, M., & Edwards, K. (2013). A randomized trial to increase acceptance of childhood vaccines by vaccine-hesitant parents: A pilot study. Academic Pediatrics, 13, 475-480. 10.1016/j.acap.2013.03.011
  21. Wu, J., Zhao, L., Wang, M., Gu, J., Wei, W., Li, Q., Ma, M., Mu, Z., & Miao, Y. (2022). Guardians’ willingness to vaccinate their teenagers against COVID-19 in China: A national cross-sectional survey. Journal of Affective Disorders, 299, 196–204.
  22. Yılmaz, M., & Sahin, M. K. (2021). Parents' willingness and attitudes concerning the COVID-19 vaccine: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 75(9), e14364.
  23. Zhang, M.-X., Lin, X.-Q., Chen, Y., Tung, T.-H., & Zhu, J.-S. (2021). Determinants of parental hesitancy to vaccinate their children against COVID-19 in China. Expert Review of Vaccines, 20(10), 1339-1349.
  24. Zein, S., Abdallah, S. B., Al-Smadi, A., Gammoh, O., Al-Awaida, W. J., & Al-Zein, H. J. (2021). Factors associated with the unwillingness of Jordanians, Palestinians and Syrians to be vaccinated against COVID-19. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 15(12), e0009957.

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-07-24 12:06:26

No citation recorded.