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Pencegahan Penyebaran Covid-19 di Fasilitas Umum Keagamaan Masjid Dengan Metode Hazard Identification Risk Assessment (HIRA)

Abdul Mazid Yusuf  -  Institut Teknologi Nasional, Bandung|Institut Teknologi Nasional, Indonesia
*Irfan Manaf  -  Institut Teknologi Nasional, Bandung|Institut Teknologi Nasional, Indonesia
Lentiani Anissa  -  Institut Teknologi Nasional, Bandung|Institut Teknologi Nasional, Indonesia
Almaida Yulianti  -  Institut Teknologi Nasional, Bandung|Institut Teknologi Nasional, Indonesia
Muhammad Rivaldi Pratama  -  Institut Teknologi Nasional, Bandung|Institut Teknologi Nasional, Indonesia
Ahmad Taufik  -  Institut Teknologi Nasional, Bandung|Institut Teknologi Nasional, Indonesia
Salafudin Salafudin  -  Institut Teknologi Nasional, Bandung|Institut Teknologi Nasional, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright 2020 MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/.

Citation Format:
Abstract

Latar Belakang: Kekhawatiran masyarakat meningkat sejalan dengan meluasnya penularan COVID-19 di hampir seluruh penjuru dunia dan protokol untuk menurunkan tingkat penurunan di sejumlah negara lainnya. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui potensi bahaya, mengidentifikasi bahaya, mengetahui level resiko, dan langkah pengendalian resiko berkaitan dengan potensi penularan COVID-19.

 

Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif-observatif dimana sebagian besar referensi dan data-data literatur diperoleh melalui media internet dengan berfokus pada metode HIRA. Objek penelitian adalah masjid meliputi area sholat utama, ruang audio, teras, toilet dan tempat wudhu.

Hasil: Hasil identifikasi terdapat 13 sumber potensi bahaya, 7 potensi bahaya level sangat tinggi, 3 potensi bahaya level tinggi, 2 potensi bahaya level sedang dan 1 potensi level rendah.

Simpulan: Faktor penyebab potensi bahaya antara lain: kurangnya informasi, kesadaran masyarakat kurang dan sikap memperingatkan yg tidak tegas. Untuk mengurangi resiko tersebut dilakukan pengendalian resiko meliputi administrasi, eliminasi, substitusi, dan APD.

Kata Kunci: COVID-19, HIRA, potensi bahaya, masjid, pengendalian resiko

 

ABSTRACT

Title: Prevention of Covid-19 Spread in the Mosque's Public Religious Facilities Using the Hazard Identification Risk Assessment (HIRA) Method

Background: As Pandemic of Covid-19 around the world the higher the concerns raised from governments, workers and organizations face major challenges in combating the Covid-19 pandemic and protecting safety and health in the work environment. The purpose of this study is to determine the potential for hazards, identify hazards, determine the level of risk, and risk control measures related to the potential transmission of Covid-19.

Method: This research is a descriptive-observative study where most of the references and literature data are obtained through internet media by focusing on the HIRA method. The object of research is the mosque covering the main prayer area, audio room, terrace, toilet and ablution place.

Result: The identification results found 13 sources of potential hazards, 7 very high level potential hazards, 3 high level potential hazards, 2 moderate level potential hazards and 1 low level potential.

Conclusion: Factors causing potential hazards include: lack of information, lack of public awareness and indecisive warning. To reduce these risks, risk control include administration, elimination, substitution, and PPE.

Keywords: Covid-19, HIRA, potential danger, mosque, risk control

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Keywords: COVID-19; HIRA; potensi bahaya; masjid; pengendalian resiko

Article Metrics:

  1. Garpenfeldt, Katarina. 2019. “Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment : Analysis of a Risk Assessment Process in Emergency Preparedness” Thesis. FESD, Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Gavle: University Of Gavle
  2. Jannah, dkk. 2015. “Identifikasi Bahaya, Penilaian Resiko, Dan Pengendalian Resiko Pada Aktivitas Tambang Batubara Di PT. Kim Kabupaten Muaro Bungo, Provinsi Jambi”. Skripsi. FT. Teknik Pertambangan. . Padang: Universitas Negeri Padang
  3. Syafe’i, Makhmud. 2015. Masjid Dalam Prespektif Sejarah dan Hukum Islam. Bandung: Direktorat FPIPS UPI
  4. Thompson, Sarah. 2019. Methodology Guidelines. https://www.emergencymanagementontario.ca/english/emcommunity/ProvincialPrograms/HIRA/Guidelines/main.html Diakses pada tanggal 23 Juli 2020
  5. WHO Team. 2020. “Q&A on coronaviruses (COVID-19)”. https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses Diakses pada tanggal 20 Juli 2020
  6. WHO Team. 2020. “Pertanyaan dan jawaban terkait Coronavirus” https://www.who.int/indonesia/news/novel-coronavirus/qa-for-public Diakses pada 20 Juli 2020

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