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Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Prilaku Pencegahan Covid-19 pada Santri di Kota Mataram (Studi di Pondok Pesantren Abu Hurairah)

Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia

Received: 9 Sep 2021; Revised: 1 Sep 2021; Accepted: 22 Aug 2021; Published: 1 Oct 2021.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/.

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Abstract

Latar belakang: Pondok pesantren tempat berisiko terjadinya penularan COVID-19. Pembelajaran di pondok pesantren Abu Hurairah tetap dilaksanakan meskipun terdapat kasus COVID-19. Penularan COVID-19 terjadi karena kurangnya upaya santri untuk melakukan pencegahan dan tidak disiplin mengikuti protokol kesehatan selama di pondok pesantren. Tujuan penelitian menganalisis faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan perilaku pencegahan COVID-19 pada santri di pondok pesantren.

Metode: Penelitian kuantitatif dengan desain cross sectional. Populasi penelitian yaitu 80 santri. Penentuan sampel dengan total sampling. Pemilihan sampel berdasarkan kriteria inklusi ditetapkan peneliti dan berjumlah 80 santri. Variabel bebas yaitu jenis kelamin, umur, jenjang pendidikan, pengetahuan, sikap, sumber informasi, sarana prasarana, perilaku teman dan perilaku asatidz (guru). Variabel terikat yaitu perilaku pencegahan COVID-19. Pengumpulan data menggunakan google form. Analisis data dilakukan secara univariat, bivariat menggunakan uji chi-square dengan signifikansi 95%, dan multivariat menggunakan uji regresi binary logistic.

Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebanyak 52,5% responden memiliki perilaku melakukan pencegahan COVID-19 dengan kategori baik. Perilaku pencegahan COVID-19 yang dilakukan santri yaitu mencuci tangan, memakai masker, menajaga jarak dan mengurangi mobilitas. Variabel yang berhubungan yaitu pengetahuan (p=0,004), sikap (p=0,002), perilaku teman (p=0,017), perilaku asatidz (p=0,001). Variabel yang paling mempengaruhi perilaku pencegahan COVID-19 pada santri adalah sikap (OR =5,361).

Simpulan: Faktor yang berhubungan dengan perilaku pencegahan COVID-19 pada santri di pondok pesantren Abu Hurairah Kota Mataram yaitu pengetahuan, sikap, perilaku teman dan perilaku asatidz (guru). Faktor yang tidak berhubungan yaitu umur, jenis kelamin, ketersediaan sumber informasi, sarana prasarana dan faktor yang paling berpengaruh yaitu sikap. Pondok pesantren perlu melakukan optimalisasi pembinaan poskestren dalam memberdayakan santri sebagai upaya peningkatan pengetahuan dan sikap yang baik dalam penerapan perilaku pencegahan COVID-19 pada santri di pondok pesantren.

Kata kunci: Perilaku Pencegahan COVID-19; Santri; Pondok Pesantren

 

ABSTRACT

Title: Factors Related to COVID-19 Prevention Behavior in Santri Pondok Pesantren Abu Hurairah Mataram City

Background: Pondok Pesantren (Islamic Boarding School) is a place with a high risk of COVID-19 transmission. Learning in Pondok Pesantren Abu Hurairah is still conducted even though there is a COVID-19 case. The COVID-19 transmission occurs due to the lack of students’ effort to prevent COVID and does not discipline in following health protocols in the Islamic boarding school. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyze the factors related to COVID-19 prevention behavior on students in the Islamic boarding school.

Methods: This study was quantitative research with a cross-sectional design. The population of the study was 80 students. The determination of samples used total sampling. The selection of samples was according to the inclusion criteria determined by the researcher, which was 80 students. Independent variables were gender, age, educational level, knowledge, attitude, source of information, facilities and infrastructures, friends' behavior, and asatidz (teachers). The dependent variable was COVID-19 prevention behavior. Data collection used Google Form. The data analysis was conducted by univariate and bivariate using a chi-square test with a significance of 95%, and multivariate using binary logistic regression test.

Results: The results of the study show that 52.5% of respondents have behavior to prevent COVID-19 with a good category. COVID-19 prevention behaviors carried out by students are by washing hands, wearing a mask, maintaining distance, and reducing mobilities. The related variables are knowledge (p=0.004), attitude (p=0.002), friends’ behavior (p=0.017), asatidz behavior (p=0.001). The most influencing variable on COVID-19 prevention behavior in students is attitude (OR =5.361).

Conclusion: Factors related to the COVID-19 prevention behavior on students in Pondok Pesantren Abu Hurairah of Mataram City are knowledge, attitude, friends’ behavior, asatidz behavior. Unrelated factors are age, gender, the availability of information, as well as facilities and infrastructures. Moreover, the most influencing factor is attitude. The boarding school needs to optimize the development of poskestren (boarding school health post) in empowering students as an effort to increase a good knowledge and attitude in implementing COVID-19 prevention behavior on students in the boarding school.

Keywords: COVID-19 Prevention Behavior; Student; Islamic Boarding School

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Keywords: Perilaku Pencegahan COVID-19; Santri; Pondok Pesantren

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