skip to main content

Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kebiasaan Makan dan Aktivitas Fisik Remaja selama Transisi Pandemi Covid-19 di Kota Denpasar

*I Desak Ketut Dewi Satiawati Kurnianingsih orcid  -  Departemen Promosi Kesehatan, Politeknik Kesehatan Kartini Bali|Politeknik Kesehatan Kartini Bali, Indonesia
Ni Made Padma Batiari  -  Departemen Promosi Kesehatan, Politeknik Kesehatan Kartini Bali|Politeknik Kesehatan Kartini Bali, Indonesia
Ni Kadek Rika Oktaviani  -  Departemen Promosi Kesehatan, Politeknik Kesehatan Kartini Bali|Politeknik Kesehatan Kartini Bali, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright 2022 MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/.

Citation Format:
Abstract

Latar belakang: Usia remaja mengalami banyak pekembangan terutama pada preferensi makanan, kebiasaan makanan termasuk aktivitas fisik yang dapat berubah dalam berbagai kondisi termasuk saat transisi pandemi COVID-19. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana kebiasaan makan serta aktivitas fisik remaja sekolah selama transisi pandemi COVID-19 serta mengukur hubungan antara metode belajar di sekolah dan karakteristik sosiodemografi remaja dengan kebiasaan makan dan aktivitas fisik.
Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan rancangan penelitian cross sectional yang dilakukan di Kota Denpasar dengan sampel sebanyak 120 remaja usia 10-21 tahun. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan kuesioner yang berisi pertanyaan mengenai kebiasaan makan yang diadopsi dari kuesioner Adolescent Food Habits Checklist (AFHC) dan pertanyaan mengenai aktivitas fisik yang diadopsi dari kuesioner PAL (Physical Activity Level).
Hasil: Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan faktor yang mempengaruhi kebiasaan makan pada remaja antara lain adalah umur (OR=7,57; p<0,05), jenis kelamin (OR=0,39; p<0,05), pendapatan orang tua (OR= 1,83; p<0,05) dan metode belajar disekolah (OR=2,71; p<0,05), sedangkan faktor yang mempengaruhi aktivitas fisik pada remaja antara lain adalah jenis kelamin (OR=5,2 ; p<0,05), pendapatan orang tua (OR=5,5; p<0,05) dan metode belajar di sekolah (OR=0,9; p<0,05). Dari sebaran status gizi responden diketahui responden dengan status gizi underweight (berat badan kurang) memiliki persentase cukup tinggi yaitu sebesar 42,50%, diikuti dengan status gizi overweight (kelebihan berat badan dengan risiko) sebesar 8,33% dan Obesitas II sebanyak 3,33%. Lebih lanjut analisis dengan skoring AFHC diketahui bahwa sebagian besar responden memiliki kebiasaan makan yang buruk (60%) serta lebih banyak melakukan aktivitas fisik yang pasif seperti seperti tidur-tiduran, duduk, mengetik/menulis maupun aktivitas pasif lainnya.
Simpulan: Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kebiasaan makan pada remaja antara lain umur, jenis kelamin, pendapatan orangtua, dan metode belajar di sekolah sedangkan faktor yang mempengaruhi aktivitas fisik pada remaja antara lain jenis kelamin, pendapatan orangtua, dan metode belajar di sekolah.

Kata kunci: pandemi COVID-19, kebiasaan makan, aktivitas fisik, status gizi remaja


ABSTRACT
Title: Factors Affecting Adolescent Eating Habits and Physical Activity during the Covid-19 Pandemic Transition in the City of Denpasar

Background: Adolescents experience many developments, especially in food preferences, food habits including physical activity which can change under various conditions, including during the transition to the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aims to determine the eating habits and physical activity of school adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic transition and to measure the relationship between learning methods at school and the sociodemographic characteristics of adolescents with eating habits and physical activity.
Method: This research is a quantitative study with a cross sectional research design conducted in Denpasar with a sample of 120 adolescents aged 10-21 years. The research instrument used a questionnaire containing questions about eating habits adopted from the Adolescent Food Habits Checklist (AFHC) questionnaire and questions about physical activity adopted from the PAL (Physical Activity Level) questionnaire.
Result: The results of this study indicate that the factors that influence eating habits in adolescents include age (OR=7.57; p<0.05), gender (OR=0.39; p<0.05), parental income (OR = 1.83; p<0.05) and learning methods at school (OR=2.71; p<0.05), while the factors that influence physical activity in adolescents include gender (OR=5.2; p <0.05), parents' income (OR=5.5; p<0.05) and learning methods at school (OR=0.9; p<0.05). From the distribution of the nutritional status of respondents, it is known that respondents with underweight nutritional status (underweight) have a fairly high percentage of 42.50%, followed by overweight nutritional status (overweight with risk) of 8.33% and Obesity II as much as 3. 33%. Further analysis with AFHC scoring revealed that most respondents have bad eating habits (60%) and do more passive physical activities such as sleeping, sitting, typing/writing or other passive activities.
Conclusion: Factors that influence eating habit in adolescents include age, gender, parental income, and learning method at school; while factors that influence physical activity in adolescents include gender, parental income, and learning method at school.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic; food habit; physical activity; adolescents nutrition status

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: pandemi COVID-19; kebiasaan makan; aktivitas fisik; status gizi remaja

Article Metrics:

  1. Allen, B., & Watermen, H. (2019). Stage of Adolescence. American Academy of Pediatrics
  2. López-Bueno, R., López-Sánchez, G. F., Casajús, J. A., Calatayud, J., Gil-Salmerón, A., Grabovac, I., Tully, M. A., & Smith, L. (2020). Health-Related Behaviors Among School-Aged Children and Adolescents During the Spanish Covid-19 Confinement. Frontiers in Pediatrics, 8, 573. https://doi.org/10.3389/FPED.2020.00573/BIBTEX
  3. Nicodemo, M., Spreghini, M. R., Manco, M., Sforza, R. W., & Morino, G. (2021). Childhood Obesity and COVID-19 Lockdown: Remarks on Eating Habits of Patients Enrolled in a Food-Education Program. Nutrients 2021, Vol. 13, Page 383, 13(2), 383. https://doi.org/10.3390/NU13020383
  4. Hourani, H. al, Alkhatib, B., & Abdullah, M. (2021). Impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on Body Weight, Eating Habits, and Physical Activity of Jordanian Children and Adolescents. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1017/DMP.2021.48
  5. Morres, I. D., Galanis, E., Hatzigeorgiadis, A., Androutsos, O., & Theodorakis, Y. (2021). Physical Activity, Sedentariness, Eating Behaviour and Well-Being during a COVID-19 Lockdown Period in Greek Adolescents. Nutrients 2021, Vol. 13, Page 1449, 13(5), 1449. https://doi.org/10.3390/NU13051449
  6. Ng, K., Cooper, J., McHale, F., Clifford, J., & Woods, C. (2020). Barriers and facilitators to changes in adolescent physical activity during COVID-19. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 6(1), e000919. https://doi.org/10.1136/BMJSEM-2020-000919
  7. Štveráková, T., Jačisko, J., Busch, A., Šafářová, M., Kolář, P., & Kobesová, A. (2021). The impact of COVID-19 on Physical Activity of Czech children. PLOS ONE, 16(7), e0254244. https://doi.org/10.1371/JOURNAL.PONE.0254244
  8. Larson, N. I., Miller, J. M., Watts, A. W., Story, M. T., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. R. (2016). Adolescent Snacking Behaviors Are Associated with Dietary Intake and Weight Status. The Journal of Nutrition, 146(7), 1348–1355. https://doi.org/10.3945/JN.116.230334
  9. Wang, J., Yeoh, E. K., Yung, T. K. C., Wong, M. C. S., Dong, D., Chen, X., Chan, M. K. Y., Wong, E. L. Y., Wu, Y., Guo, Z., Wang, Y., Zhao, S., & Chong, K. C. (2022b). Change in eating habits and physical activities before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in Hong Kong: a cross‐sectional study via random telephone survey. Https://Doi.Org/10.1186/S12970-021-00431-7, 18(1), 33.
  10. Cavadini, C., Decarli, B., Grin, J., Narring, F., & Michaud, P. A. (2000). Food habits and sport activity during adolescence: differences between athletic and non-athletic teenagers in Switzerland. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2000 54:1, 54(1), S16–S20. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1600979
  11. Kiebuła, P., Tomczyk, K., Furman, J., & Łabuz-Roszak, B. (2020). ASSOCIATION BETWEEN EATING HABITS AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS. Wiadomosci Lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland : 1960), 73(10), 2120–2126. https://doi.org/10.36740/WLEK202010103
  12. Kumar, B., Robinson, R., & Till, S. (2015a). Physical activity and health in adolescence. Clinical Medicine, 15(3), 267–272. https://doi.org/10.7861/CLINMEDICINE.15-3-267
  13. Badr, H. E., Lakha, S. F., & Pennefather, P. (2019). Differences in physical activity, eating habits and risk of obesity among Kuwaiti adolescent boys and girls: A population-based study. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 31(1). https://doi.org/10.1515/IJAMH-2016-0138/MACHINEREADABLECITATION/RIS
  14. Notoatmodjo, S. (2012). Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan
  15. Johnson, F., Wardle, J., & Griffith, J. (2002). The Adolescent Food Habits Checklist: reliability and validity of a measure of healthy eating behaviour in adolescents. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 56, 644–649. https://doi.org/10.1038=sj.ejcn.1601371
  16. FAO. (2001). Human energy requirements. Report os a Joint FAO/WHO/UNU Expert Consultation. 1–103
  17. Anggraeni, S. D., Mutalazimah, S. K. M., Rakhma, L. R., Gz, S., & Gizi, M. (2015). Hubungan antara body image dengan frekuensi makan, jenis makanan dan status gizi remaja putri di SMA negeri 7 surakarta (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta)
  18. Sadiman, S., & Islamiyati, I. (2019). Status Gizi dan Keterpaparan Media Meningkatkan Kejadian Menarche Dini pada Siswi. Jurnal Kesehatan Metro Sai Wawai, 12(1), 50-55
  19. Kurniasih, D., Hilmansyah, H., Astuti, M. P., & Imam, S. (2010). Sehat dan bugar berkat gizi seimbang. Jakarta: Kompas Gramedia, 934
  20. Choiriyah, Z., Ramonda, D. A., & Yudanari, Y. G. (2019). Hubungan antara body image dan jenis kelamin terhadap pola makan pada remaja. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa, 2(2), 109-114
  21. Gibney, M. J., Walsh, M., Brennan, L., Roche, H. M., German, B., & Van Ommen, B. (2005). Metabolomics in human nutrition: opportunities and challenges–. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 82(3), 497-503
  22. Rachman, B. N., Mustika, I. G., & Kusumawati, I. A. W. (2017). Faktor yang berhubungan dengan perilaku konsumsi buah dan sayur siswa SMP di Denpasar. Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition), 6(1), 9-16
  23. Fitriani, F. (2021). Gambaran Pola Makan dan Pendapatan Keluarga pada Anak Balita dengan Status Gizi Selama Masa Pandemi Covid-19 di Kelurahan Anrong Appakka Kecamatan Pangkaje’ne Kabupaten Pangkep Tahun 2021 (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar)
  24. Prayuda, C. W. 2018 ANALISIS HUBUNGAN ANTARA POLA MAKAN ANAK PRASEKOLAH DENGAN STATUS GIZI PADA ANAK USIA 36-59 BULAN DI DESA CISANTANA KECAMATAN CIGUGUR KABUPATEN KUNINGAN
  25. Laenggeng, A. H. (2020). Hubungan Pola Makan dan Ketersediaan Pangan Rumah Tangga dengan Status Gizi Remaja di Huntara Asam III Kec. Ulujadi Kota Palu. Jurnal Kolaboratif Sains, 3(4), 203-209
  26. Fayasari, A., Julia, M., & Huriyati, E. (2018). Pola makan dan indikator lemak tubuh pada remaja. Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition), 7(1), 15-21
  27. Aprianti, A. (2016). FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI FREKUENSI KONSUMSI FAST FOOD PADA ANAK SMP NEGERI 31 BANJARMASIN. AL'ULUM, 56(2)
  28. Puspita, N. F. R. M., & Adriyanto, A. (2019). Analisis Asupan Gula, Garam dan Lemak (GGL) dari Jajanan pada Anak Sekolah Dasar Negeri dan Swasta di Kota Surabaya. Amerta Nutrition, 3(1), 58-62
  29. Mann, J., & Truswell, A. S. (Eds.). (2017). Essentials of human nutrition. Oxford University Press
  30. Puspitasari, D., Suryadi, Y., & Widodo, H. Culture Industry and Japanese Identity in Snack and Drinks Products in Indonesia. IZUMI, 11(1), 31-43
  31. Mutia, A., Jumiyati, J., & Kusdalinah, K. (2022). Pola Makan Dan Aktivitas Fisik Terhadap Kejadian Obesitas Remaja Pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Journal of Nutrition College, 11(1), 26-34
  32. World Health Organization. 2017. Global recommendations on physical activity for health. World Health Organization
  33. Ramadhani, K., & Khofifah, H. (2021). Edukasi Gizi Seimbang sebagai Upaya Meningkatkan Pengetahuan pada Remaja di Desa Bedingin Wetan pada Masa Pandemi COVID-19. Jurnal Kesehatan Global, 4(2), 66-74
  34. Güler, R. A., Neverova, N., & Kokkinos, I. (2018). Densepose: Dense human pose estimation in the wild. In Proceedings of the IEEE conference on computer vision and pattern recognition (pp. 7297-7306)
  35. Rahayu, N. K., & Maksum, A. HUBUNGAN TINGKAT PENDIDIKAN DAN STATUS EKONOMI ORANGTUA TERHADAP AKTIVITAS FISIK SISWA
  36. Tamimy, M. T. (2021). EFEK PANDEMI COVID 19 TERHADAP AKTIVITAS FISIK DAN KUALITAS TIDUR PADA SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR DI SDN PUCANG V SIDOARJO. Jurnal Prestasi Olahraga, 4(9), 137-143
  37. Joseph, N. M., Ramaswamy, P., & Wang, J. (2018). Cultural factors associated with physical activity among US adults: An integrative review. Applied Nursing Research, 42, 98-110
  38. Srivastav, A. K., Sharma, N., & Samuel, A. J. 2020. Impact of Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) lockdown on physical activity and energy expenditure among physiotherapy professionals and students using web-based open E-survey sent through WhatsApp, Facebook and Instagram messengers: Impact of COVID-19 lock. Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-02-25 00:04:12

No citation recorded.