Korelasi Klasifikasi Penutup Lahan dengan Debit Puncak di Daerah Aliran Sungai

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/mkts.v23i2.16687

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Article Info
Published: 29-12-2017
Section: Articles
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Many studies have shown that land use changes in watersheds such as forests that convert to settlements, industrial and estates, have an impact on flooding. So it is important to know the correlation between the various land use changes to the discharge within a watershed. This study is a preliminary study in an attempt to assess the correlation between land cover index and peak discharge, with case studies in the Beringin River Basin.The peak discharge with the return period of 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 years are computed with HEC-HMS software, developed by Hydrologic Engineering Centre (HEC) and US Army Corps of Engineers which computes the runoff discharge from the precipitation. As for land covered index (LCI), it is defined as the sum of the land-use index (LUI). The result of the case study shows the strong correlation between the land covered index with the the runoff discharge with such relation : Q100 = -22.42LCI2 + 214.30LCI - 10.62, Q50 = -18.33LCI2 + 181.87LCI - 20.19, Q20 = -14.30LCI2 + 145.27LCI - 15.61, Q10 = -11.36LCI2 + 118.41LCI - 12.29, Q5 = -8.42LCI2 + 91.27LCI - 8.9 and Q2 = -4.44LCI2 + 53.54LCI - 4.5.


Land use, peak discharge, river basin, land use index, land covered index

  1. Sri Sangkawati Sachro  Scholar
    Civil Engineering Department, Diponegoro University Semarang, Indonesia
  2. Sutarto Edhisono 
    Departemen Teknik Sipil, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
  3. Pranoto Samto Atmodjo 
    Departemen Teknik Sipil, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
  4. Wahyu Prasetyo 
    Balai Besar Wilayah Sungai Pemali-Juana, Indonesia