skip to main content

PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN SHADING DEVICE PADA FASADE TERHADAP PENERIMAAN RADIASI MATAHARI PADA BANGUNAN SEKOLAH DI KOTA PONTIANAK

*Lestari Lestari orcid scopus  -  Jurusan Arsitektur, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Tanjungpura, Indonesia
Syaiful Muazir scopus  -  Jurusan Arsitektur Fakultas Teknik Universitas Tanjungpura, Indonesia
Muhammad Nurhamsyah scopus  -  Jurusan Arsitektur Fakultas Teknik Universitas Tanjungpura, Indonesia
Muhammad Ridha Alhamdani scopus  -  Jurusan Arsitektur Fakultas Teknik Universitas Tanjungpura, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract

Desain arsitektur untuk mencapai kenyamanan termal menjadi penting untuk meningkatkan kondisi lingkungan di dalam kelas. Upaya yang dapat dilakukan salah satunya adalah melalui kontrol radiasi matahari mengenai bangunan karena merupakan solusi yang efektif. Desain jendela yang mempengaruhi penerimaan panas matahari adalah dimensi jendela yaitu berkaitan dengan nilai WWR serta penggunaan shading device. Shading device memiliki tipe bervariasi dan penggunaannya perlu mempertimbangkan orientasi bangunan dan iklim. Pemanfaatan berbagai shading device dan WWR untuk bangunan sekolah perlu diketahui dampaknya terhadap penerimaan radiasi matahari sehingga dapat menjadi pertimbangan desain untuk mencapai kondisi termal yang lebih baik. Penelitian ini bertujuan  untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan berbagai jenis shading device dan WWR pada orientasi yang berbeda terhadap nilai penerimaan radiasi matahari pada bangunan, sehingga dapat menjadi  pertimbangan dasar bagi perancang. Model bangunan didapat dari data bangunan sekolah di Kota Pontianak yang kemudian dianalisis menggunakan bantuan simulasi analisis solar dari software Autodesk Revit. Adapun variabel yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah jenis shading device, panjang shading device, window wall ratio (WWR) untuk 4 orientasi yang berbeda. Data hasil simulasi dianalisis secara statistik berdasarkan nilai rata-rata penerimaan radiasi yang diperoleh pada setiap variabel yang digunakan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan jenis shading device overhang dan side fin pada setiap orientasi tidak terlalu optimal untuk menghasilkan penerimaan radiasi matahari yang rendah pada bangunan model di Kota Pontianak. Jenis shading device eggcrate menunjukkan kinerja yang lebih optimal untuk 3 orientasi bangunan. Panjang shading device 0.75 m menunjukkan nilai penerimaan radiasi yang cenderung lebih rendah pada ketiga orientasi tersebut.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: shading device, sekolah, radiasi matahari
Funding: Universitas Tanjungpura

Article Metrics:

  1. Al-Tamimi, N. A., & Fadzil, S. F. S. (2011). The potential of shading devices for temperature reduction in high-rise residential buildings in the tropics. Procedia Engineering, 21, 273–282. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2011.11.2015
  2. Ali, N., Khan, A. B., & Ahmad, T. (2020). Effects of School Building on Academic Achievement of Secondary School Students in Southern KP, Pakistan. Global Educational Studies Review, V(II), 28–34. https://doi.org/10.31703/gesr.2020(v-ii).04
  3. Alsehail, A., & Almhafdy, A. (2020). The Effect of Window-to-Wall Ratio (WWR) and Window Orientation (WO) on the Thermal Performance: A preliminary overview. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 5(15), 165–173. https://doi.org/10.21834/ebpj.v5i15.2500
  4. Auliciems, A. (1972). Classroom performance as a function of thermal comfort. 16(October 1971), 233–246
  5. Fang, Z., Zhang, S., Cheng, Y., Fong, A. M. L., Oladokun, M. O., Lin, Z., & Wu, H. (2018). Field study on adaptive thermal comfort in typical air conditioned classrooms. Building and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2018.02.005
  6. Fisher, K. (1997). Building better outcomes: The impact of school infrastructure on student outcomes and behaviour. (Issue 02)
  7. Forward, W., Lamberti, G., Salvadori, G., Leccese, F., Fantozzi, F., & Bluyssen, P. M. (2021). Advancement on Thermal Comfort in Educational Buildings : Current Issues sustainability Advancement on Thermal Comfort in Educational Buildings : Current Issues and Way Forward. September. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131810315
  8. Gutierrez, G. C. R., & Labaki, L. C. (2007). An experimental study of shading devices: Orientation typology and material. Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes of Whole Buildings
  9. Hakim, F. N., Muhamadinah, Y., Mangkuto, R. A., & Anugrah, S. (2021). Building Envelope Design Optimization of a Hypothetical Classroom Considering Energy Consumption , Daylight , and Thermal Comfort : Case Study in Lhokseumawe , Indonesia. 12(November), 1217–1227. https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v12i6.5203
  10. Heidari, A., Taghipour, M., & Yarmahmoodi, Z. (2021). The effect of fixed external shading devices on daylighting and thermal comfort in residential building. Journal of Daylighting, 8(2), 165–180. https://doi.org/10.15627/JD.2021.15
  11. Hong, S., Choi, A., & Sung, M. (2018). Impact of bi-directional PV blind control method on lighting, heating and cooling energy consumption in mock-up rooms. Energy and Buildings, 176, 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2018.07.022
  12. Jing, S., Lei, Y., Wang, H., Song, C., & Yan, X. (2019). Energy & Buildings Thermal comfort and energy-saving potential in university classrooms during the heating season. 202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2019.109390
  13. Kim, H. J., Yang, C. S., & Moon, H. J. (2019). A Study on Multi-Objective Parametric Design Tool for Surround-Type Movable Shading Device. Sustainability (Switzerland), 11(24). https://doi.org/10.3390/su11247096
  14. Lamberti, G., Fantozzi, F., & Salvadori, G. (2020). Thermal comfort in educational buildings : future directions regarding the impact of environmental conditions on students ’ health and performance
  15. Pemerintah Kota Pontianak. (2022). Kondisi Geografis Kota Pontianak. https://www.pontianakkota.go.id/tentang/geografis
  16. Perez, Y. V., & Capeluto, I. G. (2009). Climatic considerations in school building design in the hot-humid climate for reducing energy consumption. Applied Energy, 86(3), 340–348. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2008.05.007
  17. Sari, L. H., & Rauzi, E. N. (2021). An evaluation of shading device in tropics utilising the sun-path diagram. ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, 6(3), 373–382. https://doi.org/10.30822/arteks.v6i3.877
  18. Sene, F., Faye, M., Sambou, V., & Thiam, A. (2017). Impact of window to walls ratios on thermal comfort and energy consumption in tropical zone. EAI Endorsed Transactions on Collaborative Computing, 3(12), 153169. https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.9-10-2017.153169
  19. Soleimanipirmorad, S., & Vural, S. M. (2018). Effects of Educational Buildings Conditions on Education Quality. Creative Education, 09(13), 1978–1995. https://doi.org/10.4236/ce.2018.913145
  20. Tzempelikos, A., & Athienitis, A. K. (2007). The impact of shading design and control on building cooling and lighting demand. Solar Energy, 81(3), 369–382. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2006.06.015
  21. Wargocki, P., & Wyon, D. P. (2013). Providing better thermal and air quality conditions in school classrooms would be. Building and Environment, 59, 581–589. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2012.10.007
  22. Yao, J., Chow, D. H. C., & Chi, Y. W. (2016). Impact of manually controlled solar shades on indoor visual comfort. Sustainability (Switzerland), 8(8), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.3390/su8080727
  23. Zomorodian, Z. S., & Nasrollahi, F. (2013). Architectural design optimization of school buildings for reduction of energy demand in hot and dry climates of Iran. International Journal of Architectural Engineering & Urban Planning, 23(December), 41–50

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-05-19 02:32:02

No citation recorded.