skip to main content

Intransitive-based Applicatives in Bahasa Indonesia

1English Department, Universitas Diponegoro, Jl. Prof. Sudarto, SH, Tembalang, Semarang 50274, Indonesia, Indonesia

2bUniversitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami No. 36, Surakarta 57126, Indonesia, Indonesia

Received: 13 Jan 2022; Published: 11 Nov 2022.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2022 PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education under

Citation Format:

As there has not been research specifically focused on the meanings of intransitive-based applicatives in bahasa Indonesia, this research was carried out as an effort to uncover the meanings of Indonesian intransitive-based applicative constructions. To reach the goal, we use Dixon’s framework of four broad categorizations of applicative meanings (2012). The research is descriptive and qualitative in nature, and the approach used is that of structural typology. Data were collected using library research, document analysis, and purposive sampling. Intransitive-based applicatives in bahasa Indonesia has four meanings; they, ordered based on the frequency of occurences, are locative, stimulus for a stative verb (G-stimulus), stimulus for corporeal activities (G-corporeal), and comitative. There are, however, -kan intransitive-based applicative constructions that cannot neatly fall into Dixon’s meaning categorization. We then proposed another applicative meaning of -kan, as is suggested by Sneddon et al. (2010). In conclusion, we hold that Dixon’s categorization of applicative meanings is a framework quite exhaustive to understand the semantic elements of Indonesian transitive-based applicatives.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: intransitive; applicatives; Bahasa Indonesia

Article Metrics:

  1. References
  2. Arka, I. W., Dalrymple, M., Mistica, M., Mofu, S., Andrews, A., & Simpson, J. (2009). A linguistic and computational morphosyntantic analysis for the applicative -i in Indonesian Paper presented at the The LFG09 Conference, Stanford University
  3. Asmara, S. A. (2020). Ajaklah Tuhan ke Tanah Jawa. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama
  4. Blake, B. J. (2005). Relational grammar. London & New York: Routledge
  5. Dixon, R. M. W. (2012). Basic linguistic theories: Further grammatical topics. Oxford: Oxford University Press
  6. Djenar, D. N. (2003). A student's giude to Indonesian grammar. Melbourne: Oxford University Press
  7. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia V 0.4.0 Beta (40. (2016-2020). Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan Bahasa dan Perbukuan, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia
  8. Kikusawa, R. (2012). On the development of applicative constructions in Austronesian languages. Bulletin of the National Museum of Ethnology, 36(4), 413-455
  9. Moeliono, A. M., Lapoliwa, H., Alwi, H., Sasangka, W., & Sugiyono. (2017). Tata bahasa baku bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa
  10. Sawardi, F. X., Wijayanti, F. I., Kurwidaria, F., Areni, G. K. D., Surtikanti, M. W., Lailiyah, N., & Cahyono, S. P. (2021). Tipologi struktural. Semarang: Fastindo
  11. Shiohara, A. (2012). Applicatives in standard Indonesian. Senri Ethnological Studies, 77, 59-76. Retrieved from
  12. Sneddon, J. N., Adelaar, A., Djenar, D. N., & Ewing, M. C. (2010). Indonesian reference grammar (2nd ed.). Melbourne: Allen & Unwin
  13. Song, J. J. (2014). Linguistic typology: Morphology and syntax. New York: Routledge
  14. Trask, R. L. (1996). A dictionary of grammatical terms in linguistics. London, New York: Routledge
  15. Willemsen, J. (2017). Predicative augmentation applicatives. Linguistica(19), 1-22. Retrieved from

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-07-12 06:39:06

No citation recorded.