skip to main content

Utilization of Bottom Ash as an Adsorbent for Color and COD Removal for Textile Industry Waste

Pricilla Jihan Fadilla scopus  -  Institut Teknologi Nasional Bandung, Indonesia
*Mohamad Rangga Sururi scopus  -  Institut Teknologi Nasional Bandung, Indonesia
Dyah Marganingrum  -  Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional, Indonesia
Mila Dirgawati  -  Institut Teknologi Nasional Bandung, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract

This study investigates the use of bottom ash as an adsorbent with and without chemical activation treatment. This study also determines the effect of pH and stirring speed on the efficiency of bottom ash in the adsorption of color and COD. Bottom ash was ground and sieved by 100 mesh sieves and was activated by hydrochloric acid 2%. The experiments were conducted at pH variations of 6, 8, 10; contact time variations of 30, 60, and 90 minutes; and stirring speeds of 30 and 60 rpm. The most effective adsorption by non-activated adsorbents occurred at the combination of pH six and stirring speed of 60 rpm with the removal efficiency for color 66.30% at a contact time of 90 minutes and for COD 31.55% at a contact time of 30 minutes. While for activated adsorbent, the highest removal for color (77.44%) and COD removal (40.54%) were at pH 6, stirring speed 30 rpm, contact time 30 minutes. The bottom ash was potentially used as an adsorbent for treating wastewater containing high concentrations of color and COD.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Adsorbent; bottom ash; COD; color

Article Metrics:

Article Info
Section: Original Research Article
Language : EN
  1. Arifatunnisa. Nur Rezky., Nursetyowati. Prismita., Marganingrum. Dyah. 2022. Studi pemanfaatan limbah bottom ash sebagai adsorben zat warna pada industri tekstil (Studi Kasus PT. TCI Kabupaten Bandung. Jurnal Reka Lingkungan, 10(1)
  2. Al-Degs. Y. Khraisheh. M. A. M. Allen. S. J..dan Ahmad. M. N. 2000. Effect of carbon surface chemistry on the removal of reactive dyes from textile effluent. Water Research, 34(3). 927-935
  3. Azizzah. dan Lisha. S. Y. 2019. Pemanfaatan limbah bottom ashbatubara (bottom ash) sebagai adsorben logam FE pada limbah cair PLTU Teluk Sirih. Sumatra Barat Aerasi. 1(1)
  4. Bertolini. T. C. R. Izidoro. J. C. Magdalena. C. P. dan Fungaro. D. A. 2013. Adsorption of crystal violet dye from aqueous solution onto zeolites from coal fly and bottom ashes. Orbital: The Electronic Journal of Chemistry. 5(3)
  5. Burton.F.L.. Tchobanoglous. George. Tsuchihashi.Ryujiro. Stensel.H.D .Metcalf & Eddy. 2016. Wastewater Engineering: Treatment and Resource Recovery. McGraw-Hill Education
  6. Cahyono. Ari Dwi., R. Tuhu Agung. 2012. pemanfaatan fly ash batubara sebagai adsorben dalam penyisihan cod dari limbah cair domestik rumah susun Wonorejo Surabaya: Jurrnal Ilmu Teknik Lingkungan, 1(4)
  7. Dewi. T. K. Nurrahman. A. dan Permana. E. 2019. Pembuatan karbon aktif dari kulit ubi kayu (monnihot esculenta). Jurnal Teknik Kimia, 1(16)
  8. Fatimah. Tarigan. B. P. dan Ramadhan. A. 2019. Aktivasi bottom ash dari pembakaran batubara untuk menurunkan kandungan senyawa fosfat dalam air. Jurnal Teknik Kimia USU, 08(2). 72-78
  9. Febriana. S. Priyadi. Tiasa. R. 2021. Pengaruh aplikasi abu terbang batubara dan pupuk kandang sebagai bahan amelioran terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman kangkung: Jurnal Agrotek Tropika, 9(1)
  10. Fu. George. Willet. Christopher. 2019. color removal from pulp mill effluent using coal ash produced from georgia coal combustion power plants; Georgia Southern University
  11. Hadiwidodo. M. Huboyo. H. S.dan Indrasarimmawati. 2009. Penurunan warna. COD dan TSS limbah cair industri tekstil menggunakan teknologi dielectric barrier discharge dengan variasi tegangan dan flow rate oksigen. Jurnal Presipitasi. 7(2)
  12. Hermawan, I. 2011. Analisis dampak kebijakan makroekonomi terhadap perkembangan industri tekstil dan produk tekstil indonesia: buletin ekonomi moneter dan perbankan
  13. Jarusiripot. C. 2014. Removal of reactive dye by adsorption over chemical pretreatment coal-based bottom ash. Procedia Chemistry, 9. 121-130
  14. Kuntari. Aprillita. N. H. dan Suherman. 2017. Utilization if coal bottom ash a low-cost adsorbent for the removal acid red 114 dye ekstrakta: Journal Ilmu-Ilmu MIPA
  15. Lin. Y. C. Yang. D. H.m (2007). Removal of pollutans from wastewater by coal bottom ash. Journal of Enviromental Science and Health. A37(8)
  16. Mouhri. Ghita El., Merzouki. Mohammed., Kachkoul. Rabie., Belhassan. Hajar., Miyah. Youssef., Amakdouf. Halima., Elmountassir. Rabea., Lahrichi. 2021. Fixed-bed adsorption of tannery wastewater pollutants using bottom ash an optimized process. Surface and Interfaces. 22
  17. Ozkan. F. C. dan Ulku. S. 2005. The effect of HCl treatment on water vapor adsorption characteristics of clinoptilolite rich natural zeolite. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 77. 47-53
  18. Ramdhani. M. Y., Sururi. M. R. & Ainun. S. 2018. Leachate treatment from sarimukti landfill using ozone with sludge from water treatment plant as a catalyst. Paper presented at the MATEC Web of Conferences
  19. Saleh. Syahin., Ghani. Wan A. Q. A. K., Loh. S.K. 2019. Treated coal bottom ash for palm oil mill effluent (pome) decolourisation. Journal of Physical Science, 30(3). 101–116. 2019
  20. Saputra. I. S. and Gany. R. I. 2015. Laboratorium Kimia Mineral Pusat Penelitian Geoteknologi Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI). Retrieved from
  21. Şayan. E. (2006). Optimization and modeling of decolorization and COD reduction of reactive dye solutions by ultrasound-assisted adsorption. Chemical Engineering Journal. 119(2-3). 175–181
  22. Sutrisno. B. Hidayat. A. and Mufrodi. Z. 2014. Modifikasi limbah abu layang menjadi adsorben untuk mengurangi limbah zat warna pada industri tekstil. Chemica. 1(2). 57-66
  23. Sururi, M. R. Siti. S. A. and Safria. O. P. 2016. Leachate treatment using advanced oxidation process with zeolite as a catalyst. 3rd International Postgraduate Conference on Biotechnology (IPCB)
  24. Sun. Wei-ling., Qu. Yan-zhi., Yu. Qing., Ni. Jin-ren. 2007. Adsorption of organic pollutants from coking and papermaking wastewaters by bottom ash. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 154. 595–601
  25. Syaifie. P. H., Taufiq. A., Solihat. I., Wardhani. G. A. P. K. 2019. Sintesis. karakterisasi dan aplikasi zeolit berbahan dasar kaolin dan abu sekam padi untuk adsorpsi logam tembaga dan krom dalam limbah cair industri pelapisan logam. Jurnal Teknologi Mineral dan Batubara, 9(1). 17-24
  26. Telaumbanua. J. J. P. 2017. Penggunaan fly ash dan bottom ash boiler pabrik kelapa sawit sebagai adsorben untuk mengadsorpsi warna pada limbah cair buatan Universitas Sumatera Utara
  27. Vijayakumaran. V., Arivoli. S., and Ramuthai. S. 2009. Adsorption of nickel ion by low cost carbon-kinetic. thermodynamic and equilibrium studies. E-Journal of Chemistry, 6(S1). 347-357
  28. Wardani. R. K. (2012). Pemanfaatan abu bawah batubara (bottom ash) teraktivasi sebagai adsorben ion logam Cd2+. Universitas Airlangga
  29. Wahyuni. N L E., Soeswanto. B., Akmal. H., Puspita. N. 2018. Effect of particle size distribution and acid treated coal bottom ash on TSS and COD removal from textile effluent using fixed bed column. IOP Conference Series Earth and Enviromental Science. 160
  30. Yunita. E. 2017. Analisis potensi dan karakteristik limbah padat fly ash dan bottom ash hasil dari pembakaran batubara pada Pembangkit Listrik Tenapa Uap (PLTU) PT Semen Tonasa. Jurnal Fisika dan Terapannya, 4(1)
  31. Zulius. A. (2017). Ranvag bangun monitoring ph air menggunakan soil moisture sensor di SMKN 1 Tebing Tinggi Kabupaten Empat Lawang. Jurnal Sistem Komputer Musiwaras. 2(1)

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-03-02 06:54:41

No citation recorded.