THE DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSESTERIFICATION PROCESS OF COTTON SEED OIL BY USING MICROWAVE

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/reaktor.18.1.27-30
Copyright (c) 2018 Reaktor
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)

Article Info
Submitted: 13-10-2017
Published: 28-05-2018
Section: Research Article
Fulltext PDF Tell your colleagues Email the author

Biodiesel is a renewable, non-toxic, environmentally friendly fuel made from vegetable oils through a transesterification reaction with methanol. During this time the manufacture of biodiesel takes a long time, which can be overcome with microwave heating. The use of microwave can decrease the reaction time and the amount of catalyst. The purpose of this study was to study the utilization of microwave as a heater in the transesterification reaction of cotton seed oil with the addition of NaOH catalyst 0.25, 0.5, 0.75 and 1% (w/w) with 100 watts microwave power and a reaction time of 15 minutes. Conversion of biodiesel from cotton seed oil with the NaOH catalyst concentrations 0.5% (w/w), 5 minutes, molar ratio of 1: 12 with a microwave power of 400 watts was 99.11%. The results of the analysis of several parameters on biodiesel products show that they have met the specifications based on Indonesian National Standard (SNI-04-7182-2006).

 

Keyword: biodiesel, transesterification, cotton seed oil, microwave.

  1. Andi Suryanto 
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology UMI Makassar Jalan Urip Sumoharjo Km.05 Campus II UMI 90231
  2. Zakir Sabara, HW 
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology UMI Makassar Jalan Urip Sumoharjo Km.05 Campus II UMI 90231
  3. Andi Artiningsih 
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology UMI Makassar Jalan Urip Sumoharjo Km.05 Campus II UMI 90231
  4. Hardi Ismail 
    Department of Industrial Engineering Faculty of Industrial Technology UMI Makassar Jalan Urip Sumoharjo Km.05 Campus II UMI 90231