skip to main content

Ultrasound-Assisted Ultra-Mild-Acid Hydrolisis of -Carrageenan

*Ratnawati Ratnawati  -  Department of Chemical Engineering Faculty of Engineering Diponegoro University
Nita Indriyani  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University
Open Access Copyright (c) 2018 Reaktor under

Citation Format:

The low molecular weight fraction of κ-carrageenan is useful in biomedical applications. An ultrasound-assisted acid hydrolysis of κ-carrageenan has been studied. κ-carrageenan with an initial number-average molecular weight of 629 kDa was dispersed in distilled water to form a 5 g/l solution. The pH (3 and 6) of the solution was adjusted by adding HCl solution. The depolymerization reaction was carried out in an ultrasonic device at various temperatures (30, 40, 50, and 60°C) and times (8, 16, 24, and 32 min). The experimental results showed that ultrasound positively contributed to acid hydrolysis process. The number-average molecular weight of the treated k-carrageenan was lower or the percentage of reduction was higher at lower pH, longer reaction time, and higher temperature. The lowest number-average molecular weight (14 kDa) or the highest percent of molecular weight reduction reduction (97.7%) was achieved after ultrasonic irradiation at 60°C and pH 3 for 32 min.


Keywords: depolymerization; midpoint scission; ultrasonication

Fulltext View|Download

Article Metrics:

Last update:

  1. Ultrasound-assisted depolymerization of carrageenan from Kappaphycus alvarezii hydrolized by a marine fungus

    K Tarman, M W Zuhair, Uju, R F Pari. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 1137 (1), 2023. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/1137/1/012048
  2. Antiviral Activity of Carrageenans and Processing Implications

    Milena Álvarez-Viñas, Sandra Souto, Noelia Flórez-Fernández, Maria Dolores Torres, Isabel Bandín, Herminia Domínguez. Marine Drugs, 19 (8), 2021. doi: 10.3390/md19080437

Last update: 2023-12-05 17:02:57

No citation recorded.