skip to main content

Synthesis of Surfactant Tert-Butyl Glycosides from Glucose and Tert-Butanol

Harsa Pawignya  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
Tutuk Djoko Kusworo  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering,Diponegoro University, Indonesia
*Bambang Pramudono  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering,Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 Reaktor under

Citation Format:

In Indonesia, a lot of discarded agricultural waste still contains cellulose (35-50%), the waste can still be hydrolyzed to glucose and then used as raw material in the manufacture of surfactants. Glucose can be reacted with tert-butanol using a para-toluene sulfonic acid catalyst to form tert-butyl glycoside surfactant. The purpose of this study was to study the process conditions influence the variable mole ratio, temperature, and catalyst percent on the yield of tert-butyl glycosides. The results showed that at mole ratio 1:5; temperature 70oC; and the percentage of catalyst 2.5 %, the yield obtained was 98.58 % with tert-butyl glycosides content of 61.2 %. Furthermore, the molecular structure of the surfactant was analyzed using FTIR while surface tension to determine the hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB) value and obtained an HLB value of 4.61 Therefore, tert-butyl glycoside surfactant can be used as an emulsifier in the water-in-oil emulsion system.

Keywords: glucose; surfactant; tert-butanol; tert-butyl glycosides

Fulltext View|Download

Article Metrics:

Last update:

  1. Surface Properties and Liquid Crystal Properties of Alkyltetra(oxyethyl) β-d-Glucopyranoside

    Jiping Li, Jing Zhang, Langqiu Chen, Guochao Zhang, Jingyi Liao. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 69 (36), 2021. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.1c03630
  2. Toward Sustainable Production of Sugar-Based Alkyl Polyglycoside Surfactant─A Comprehensive Review on Synthesis Route and Downstream Processing

    Sim Yee Chin, Sara Shahruddin, Gek Kee Chua, Nur Amalina Samsudin, Siti Kholijah Abdul Mudalip, Noor Fadhila Syahida Ghazali, Zulkifly Jemaat, Siti Fatihah Salleh, Farhan Mohd Said, Najiah Nadir, Nur Liyana Ismail, Su Han Ng. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 62 (10), 2023. doi: 10.1021/acs.iecr.2c04039

Last update: 2024-03-04 06:55:55

No citation recorded.