skip to main content


*Agus Suherman  -  Departemen Perikanan Tangkap, FPIK UNDIP, Indonesia
Mas A Santosa  -  Indonesia Ocean Justice Initiative and Former Coordinator of Special Advisors in Task Force, Indonesia
Dian Wijayanto  -  Departemen Perikanan Tangkap, FPIK UNDIP, Indonesia
Rahmadi Sunoko  -  School of Business, IPB University, Indonesia
Stephanie Juwana  -, Indonesia

Citation Format:

Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing poses a significant challenge to the management of marine and fisheries resources. This practice brings negative impacts on several aspects, including the economy. To address this problem, the Government of Indonesia established a special Task Force to Combat Illegal Fishing, which later  is known as Task Force 115, through a Presidential Regulation Number 115 of 2015. Task Force 115 was formed with a mandate to execute law enforcement operations to combat illegal fishing.  In general, the existence of Task Force 115 brings favourable impacts to the economy, especially from the fisheries sector. It should be noted that, because Task Force 115’s main tasks are enforcement related, the impacts to the economy are not direct. The purpose of this study was to analyse the role of the Task Force 115 in IUU fishing eradication activities that occur in the jurisdictional areas of the  Republic of Indonesia in terms of the economic fisheries. Efforts of combating illegal fishing does not necessarily generate an increase in fisheries GDP, tax income and exports. Instead, those positive impacts are attributed to a set of policies imposed by the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries since 2014, which oriented to the responsible and sustainable fisheries. The establishment of Task Force 115 was part of that. Task Force 115’s works created deterrence and triggered compliance of fisheries business actors with the prevailing laws and regulations. Compliance eventually brings positive impacts on the economy. In 2015, growth of fisheries GDP, which amounted to 8,37%, surpassed national GDP of 4.79%. The growth of fisheries GDP reached its peak during the fourth quarterly of the year, which is 8,96% from last year’s during the same period. In 2016, the growth of fisheries GDP reached 5.15%.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: IUU fishing; economic; Indonesia

Article Metrics:

  1. BPS (2018). Quarterly Indonesia GDP 2014-2018. Jakarta: BPS. 118 pp
  2. Daris, L., Wahyuti, Yusuf M. (2019). Conflict dynamics of fishery resources utilization in Maros District, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. AACL Bioflux 12(3):786-791
  3. Ditjen PSDKP, Data of IUU Fishing in Indonesia (unpublished)
  4. Fajar, J. (2019). There is a potential state loss of IDR 137 billion from illegal fishing. (in Indonesian)
  5. FAO. (2014). The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture: Opportunities and challenges. FAO, Rome. 243p
  6. FAO. (2020). Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing.
  7. Handayani, H., Anggoro, S., Hendrarto, B., Kohar, A. (2016) Policy on fishery extension in local marine conservation area Mayalibit Bay in Raja Ampat Regency, West Papua Province. AACL Bioflux 9(1):20-33
  8. Kasim, N., Widagdo, A. (2019) Combating illegal, unreported, unregulated (IUU) fishing in Indonesia. AACL Bioflux 12(6):2243-2251
  9. Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi. (2014). Verifikasi Ukuran Kapal. Jakarta: KPK RI
  10. Ma, X. (2020). An Economic and Legal Analysis of Trade Measures Against Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing. Marine Policy 117 (2020): 1-13. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.marpol.2020.103980
  11. MEF. (2017). Indonesia has 23% mangrove world ecosystem. Indonesia become as host in The 2017 Mangrove International Conference. Ministery of Environment and Forestry (MEF). (in Indonesian)
  12. MMFA. (2014). Ministerial Regulations Number 35 of 2014 on General Guidelines for Marine and Fisheries Data Architecture in Ministry Of Maritime and Fisheries Affairs Environment
  13. MMFA and Sustainable Ecosystems Advanced (SEA) USAID. (2018). Kondisi Laut: Indonesia, Jilid Satu: Gambaran Umum Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Laut untuk Perikanan Skala Kecil dan Habitat Laut Penting di Indonesia. Jakarta, pp. 156
  14. MMFA. (2018). Fisheries Productivity of Indonesia. Ministry of Maritime and Fisheries Affairs (MMFA), Indonesia. Dirjen-PDSPKP-FMB-Kominfo-19-Januari-2018.pdf (in Indonesian)
  15. Petrossian, G., (2015). Preventing illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing: a si- tuational approach. Biol. Conserv. 189, 3948
  16. Poling, G.B., Cronin, C. (2017). Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated Fishing as a National Security Threat. Washington. CSIS, Washington. 24p
  17. Pramod, G., Nakamura, K., Pitcher, T.J., Delagran, L. (2014). Estimates of Illegal and Unreported Fish in Seafood Imports to the USA. Marine Policy 48(2014): 102-113
  18. Sari, Y. D., Syaukat, Y., Kusumastanto, T., Hartoyo, S. (2019) Economic impact of moratorium of foreign fishing vessel policy in Arafura Sea, Indonesia. AACL Bioflux 12(1):343-354
  19. Solihin, I., Wisudo, S. H., Haluan, J., Martianto, D. (2016). The problems and capture fisheries development strategy in the border area (case study: Nunukan Regency, Indonesia). AACL Bioflux 9(6):1310-1322
  20. Suherman, A., Santosa, M.A., Ihsan, Y.N., Wijayanto, D., Juwana, S. (2020). The eradication of IUU fishing in Indonesia for fisheries resources sustainability by the Task Force 115. AACL Bioflux 13(5): 2522-2537
  21. Syamsuddin, R., Nasmia, Rantetondok, A., Zainuddin, E. N. (2016) Caulerpa racemosa (Chlorophyta, Caulerpaceae) extract increases growth and biomass production of Gracilaria verrucosa (Rhodophyta, Gracilariaceae). AACL Bioflux 9(5):1044-1052
  22. Task Force 115. (2019). Evaluation Report of Task Force 115. Jakarta: Indonesia. 141 pp
  23. Tuahatu, J. W., Hulopy, M., Louhenapessy, D. G. (2016) Community structure of seagrass in Waai and Lateri waters, Ambon Island, Indonesia. AACL Bioflux 9(6):1380-1387
  24. West, R.J., M.A. Palma-Robes, Satria, F., Purwanto, Wudianto, L. Sadiyah, Prasetyo A.P., Faizah, R., Setyanto, A. (2012)The Control and Management of Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing in Fisheries Management Area 573. Report prepared for ACIAR Project FIS/2006/142, Developing new assessment and policy frameworks for Indonesia’s marine fisheries, including the control and management of Illegal, Unregulated and Unreported (IUU) Fishing. Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security (ANCORS), University of Wollongong, Australia

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-02-23 13:38:56

No citation recorded.