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Design of Manifold with Pressure Controller for Automatic Exchange of Oxygen Gas Cylinders in Hospital

Desain Manifold dengan Monitoring Tekanan untuk Pertukaran Otomatis Tabung Gas Oksigen Medis di Rumah Sakit

*Atika Hendryani orcid  -  Jurusan Teknik Elektromedik, Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Jakarta II,, Indonesia
Vita Nurdinawati  -  Jurusan Teknik Elektromedik, Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Jakarta II,, Indonesia
Nashrul Dharma  -  Jurusan Teknik Elektromedik, Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Jakarta II,, Indonesia
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Abstract
The regulation and supply of oxygen as one of the medical gases in the hospital is important to ensure the availability of these gases for the survival of patients. The regulation of oxygen gas in hospitals usually uses a piping system with manifolds. The manifold will monitor the oxygen gas pressure on each tube. Manifold systems that are widely used in general can only monitor pressure but cannot perform an automatic exchange on gas cylinders if the pressure is under the permissible conditions. The manifold system design developed is equipped with pressure monitoring for automatic exchange of oxygen gas cylinders using pressure sensors and microprocessors.  The test results of the system using regulator and barometer comparisons showed the percentage value of sensor pressure accuracy of 96.92 percent and 97.16 percent. At pressure below the limit of 285 KPa manifold can perform the exchange of active gas cylinders automatically. These results show the manifold design built can work quite well.
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Keywords: medical gas; oxygen; manifold; gas pressure; automatic exchange

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