Metode Pengendalian Wideng (Sesarma spp) Hama Bibit Mangrove melalui Kegiatan Budidaya Kepiting Bakau Scylla spp

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/bioma.13.1.25-33

Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)

Article Info
Published:
Section: research article
Fulltext PDF Tell your colleagues Email the author
Reboisation is one strategy to anticipate global warming that most easily performed. This re-planting
activity is very urgent to be conducted in mangrove areas, since the impact of global warming are very profound at
the coastal and lowland areas. Its implementation has been done, but failures are still high. One of the causes often
found in the field is pests. Its efficient and effective control are still faces various obstacles. Wideng (Sesarma) is
very often perform as pest to the mangrove propagules, therefore could affect the community structure. It is therefore
important to establish conceptual study and research on wideng control, especially those that are able to promote
participation and benefit the community. One potential control is to empower its natural predators, the mud crab
Scylla. The purpose of this research is to analyze the level of Scylla predation, namely of total prey consumed, prey
size and prey density presentation. It is also intended to determine weight gain and predation behavior by
Scylla. Two units of the test cage were placed in the pond in Tapak Tugurejo Semarang with Complete Randomized
Design (3 treatments and 5 replications). Data on predation tests are descriptively and statistically analyzed using
JMP software, whereas the study of behavior was analyzed descriptively.
The results demonstrated that Scylla is able to prey and consume wideng namely the life ones. Scylla
perform no respecter of prey body size, since wideng of small body size (2-3 cm), preferably the same to the
moderate size (4-5cm) and large size (> 5 cm). The level of consumption gives a high weight gain for Scylla,
between 182 - 197% in just 6 days. In term of presentation of the treatment, showed that wideng really liked the
presentation of the feed lot at once rather than presenting a slightly but gradually. Finally, feeding on Scylla with
wideng through cultivation, particularly in fattening purposes, using wideng is reasonable and flexible to be applied
for fishermen. This concept, together with other control components (components of a dissertation study of the
author), is very supportive on the wideng control whiles provide economic benefits to the society atonce.
  1. Jafron Wasiq Hidayat 
    biologi, Indonesia
    Student of Doctoral Programme Manajemen Sumberdaya Pantai, Pascasarjana Undip
    Laboratorium of Ecology & Biosystematic, Department of Biology FMIPA Undip