skip to main content

3D Modeling of Bosscha Observatory with TLS and UAV Integration Data

*Gusti Ayu Jessy Kartini orcid scopus publons  -  Department of Geodetic Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning, Institut Teknologi Nasional Bandung, Jl. PHH. Mustofa No. 23, Bandung 40124, Indonesia, Indonesia
Naura Dwi Saputri  -  Department of Geodetic Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning, Institut Teknologi Nasional Bandung, Jl. PHH. Mustofa No. 23, Bandung 40124, Indonesia, Indonesia

Citation Format:
The Bosscha Observatory is Southeast Asia's first modern astronomical observatory. This observatory is located exactly on the Lembang Fault in West Java, Indonesia. Its existence on the fault line makes Bosscha Observatory very vulnerable to disasters, which in the future will cause severe damage to the cultural heritage building. One way to protect the preservation of cultural heritage buildings is through 3D digital documentation. With 3D shapes, we can obtain precise visual and geometric data that can be used to monitor the building's condition. There are two technology will be used in this study, terrestrial laser scanner (TLS) and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) photogrammetry. TLS systems can capture millions of points representing 3-D coordinates at extremely high spatial densities on complex, multidimensional surfaces within minutes. UAV photogrammetry can generate 3D point cloud in centimeter-level precision. The results of data integration between TLS and UAV have been implemented successfully and can be used as one of the measurement techniques supporting 3D modeling and compensating for the shortcomings of each tool. This three-dimensional model can be used to create a cylindrical portion of a building and the roof of a hemispherical building; the texture and color of the building's details, such as windows, doors, and stairs, can be produced with an RMSE error value of 0.025 meters.
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Terrestrial Laser Scanner; Unmanned Aerial Vehicle; Data Integration; Point Cloud; 3D Model
Funding: Kampus Merdeka Competition Program Research Grant 2021, Geodetic Engineering, Institut Teknologi Nasional Bandung

Article Metrics:

  1. Achille, C., Adami, A., Chiarini, S., Cremonesi, S., Fassi, F., Fregonese, L., & Taffurelli, L. (2015). UAV-Based Photogrammetry and Integrated Technologies for Architectural Applications Methodological Strategies for the After-Quake Survey of Vertical Structures in Mantua (Italy). Sensors, 15(7), 15520–15539. [">Crossref]

  2. Ağca, M., Kaya, E., & Yilmaz, H. M. (2020). 3D Modeling of Cultural Heritages with UAV and TLV Systems: A Case Study on The Somuncu Baba Mosque. ArtGRID - Journal of Architecture Engineering and Fine Arts, 2(1), 1–12.

  3. Batur, M., Yilmaz, O., & Ozener, H. (2020). A Case Study of Deformation Measurements of Istanbul Land Walls via Terrestrial Laser Scanning. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 13, 6362–6371. [">Crossref]

  4. Büyüksalih, G., Kan, T., Özkan, G. E., Meriç, M., Isin, L., & Kersten, T. P. (2020). Preserving the Knowledge of the Past Through Virtual Visits: From 3D Laser Scanning to Virtual Reality Visualisation at the Istanbul Çatalca İnceğiz Caves. PFG - Journal of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Geoinformation Science, 88(2), 133–146. [">Crossref]

  5. Chmutina, K., Jigyasu, R., & Okubo, T. (2020). Editorial for the special issue on securing future of heritage by reducing risks and building resilience. Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, 29(1), 1–9. [">Crossref]

  6. Daryono, M. R., Natawidjaja, D. H., Sapiie, B., & Cummins, P. (2019). Earthquake Geology of the Lembang Fault, West Java, Indonesia. Tectonophysics, 751, 180–191. [">Crossref]

  7. Dostal, C., & Yamafune, K. (2018). Photogrammetric texture mapping: A method for increasing the Fidelity of 3D models of cultural heritage materials. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 18, 430–436. [">Crossref]

  8. Febro, J. D. (2020). 3D Documentation of Cultural Heritage Sites Using Drone and Photogrammetry: a Case Study of Philippine Unesco-Recognized Baroque Churches. International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies, 11(8), 1–14. [">Crossref]

  9. Gallay, M., Kaňuk, J., Hochmuth, Z., Meneely, J. D., Hofierka, J., & Sedlák, V. (2015). Large-scale and high-resolution 3-D cave mapping by terrestrial laser scanning: a case study of the Domica Cave, Slovakia. International Journal of Speleology, 44(3), 277–291. [">Crossref]

  10. Hu, Q., Wang, S., Fu, C., Ai, M., Yu, D., & Wang, W. (2016). Fine Surveying and 3D Modeling Approach for Wooden Ancient Architecture via Multiple Laser Scanner Integration. Remote Sensing, 8(4), 270. [">Crossref]

  11. Klapa, P., Mitka, B., & Zygmunt, M. (2017). Application of Integrated Photogrammetric and Terrestrial Laser Scanning Data to Cultural Heritage Surveying. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 95(3), 032007. [">Crossref]

  12. Kushwaha, S. K. P., Dayal, K. R., Sachchidanand, Raghavendra, S., Pande, H., Tiwari, P. S., Agrawal, S., & Srivastava, S. K. (2020). 3D Digital Documentation of a Cultural Heritage Site Using Terrestrial Laser Scanner - A Case Study. In Applications of Geomatics in Civil Engineering (pp. 49–58). Springer Singapore. [">Crossref]

  13. Kwoczynska, B., Litwin, U., Piech, I., Obirek, P., & Sledz, J. (2016). The Use of Terrestrial Laser Scanning in Surveying Historic Buildings. 2016 Baltic Geodetic Congress (BGC Geomatics), 263–268. [">Crossref]

  14. Li, Z., Hou, M., Dong, Y., Wang, J., Ji, Y., & Huo, P. (2021). RESEARCH on the Digital Retention Mechanism of Tibetan Buddhism Architecture Based On UAV and TLS: A Case Study of Baoguang Hall. {ISPRS} Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote SensingISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, VIII-M-1, 95–100. [">Crossref]

  15. Liang, H., Li, W., Lai, S., Zhu, L., Jiang, W., & Zhang, Q. (2018). The integration of terrestrial laser scanning and terrestrial and unmanned aerial vehicle digital photogrammetry for the documentation of Chinese classical gardens A case study of Huanxiu Shanzhuang, Suzhou, China. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 33, 222–230. [">Crossref]

  16. Maharani, M., Charieninna, A., & Nugroho, H. (2020). Identification of photo number effect for 3D modeling in Agisoft software. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 500(1), 012073. [">Crossref]

  17. Manajitprasert, S., Tripathi, N. K., & Arunplod, S. (2019). Three-Dimensional (3D) Modeling of Cultural Heritage Site Using UAV Imagery: A Case Study of the Pagodas in Wat Maha That, Thailand. Applied Sciences, 9(18), 3640. [">Crossref]

  18. Mikrut, S., Moskal, A., & Marmol, U. (2014). Integration of Image and Laser Scanning Data Based on Selected Example. Image Processing & Communications, 19(2–3), 37–44. [">Crossref]

  19. Murtiyoso, A, Grussenmeyer, P., & Suwardhi, D. (2019). Technical Considerations in Low-Cost Heritage Documentation. The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, XLII-2/W, 225–232. [">Crossref]

  20. Murtiyoso, Arnadi, & Grussenmeyer, P. (2017). Documentation of heritage buildings using close-range UAV images: dense matching issues, comparison and case studies. The Photogrammetric Record, 32(159), 206–229. [">Crossref]

  21. Pan, Y., Dong, Y., Wang, D., Chen, A., & Ye, Z. (2019). Three-Dimensional Reconstruction of Structural Surface Model of Heritage Bridges Using UAV Based Photogrammetric Point Clouds. Remote Sensing, 11(10), 1204. [">Crossref]

  22. Reshetyuk, Y. (2009). Self-calibration and direct georeferencing in terrestrial laser scanning. KTH.

  23. Themistocleous, K. (2020). The use of UAVs for cultural heritage and archaeology. In Remote Sensing for Archaeology and Cultural Landscapes (pp. 241–269). Springer.

  24. Ulvi, A. (2021). Documentation, Three-Dimensional (3D) Modelling and visualization of cultural heritage by using Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) photogrammetry and terrestrial laser scanners. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 42(6), 1994–2021. [">Crossref]

  25. Wirnajaya, Y. R., Kartini, G. A. J., & Nugroho, H. (2019). Pemodelan 3d Kopel Observatorium Bosscha Menggunakan Terrestrial Laser Scanner dengan Metode Cloud To Cloud. NALARs, 19(1), 41. [">Crossref]

  26. Wu, C., Yuan, Y., Tang, Y., & Tian, B. (2021). Application of Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS) in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) Industry. Sensors, 22(1), 265. [">Crossref]

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.