Biometric Indices and Condition factors of Pomadasys jubelini (Cuvier, 1830) from Obuama Creek, Nigeria

*Olaniyi Alaba Olopade  -  University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Henry Eyina Dienye  -  University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Cynthia Chigazu Okonkwo  -  University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Received: 14 Feb 2020; Revised: 11 Mar 2020; Accepted: 4 Apr 2020; Published: 27 May 2020; Available online: 9 Apr 2020.
Open Access License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0

Citation Format:
Abstract

Biometric indices of Pomadasys jubelini from Obuama Creek, Rivers state, Nigeria were investigated using length frequency distributions (LFDs), length-weight relationships (LWRs), length-length relationships (LLRs), condition factors (allometric, KA, Fulton’s, KF and relative, KR). Specimens were captured in a stretch of the creek from March to September 2019. A total of 229 specimens were examined with the total length (TL) and weight (W) ranging from 8.7 to 50.4 cm and 8.7 to 834.5 g respectively. The standard length (SL) ranged from 5.3 to 46.8 cm, fork length (FL) was between 6.5 to 48.7 cm and the girth length (GL) varied from 4.7 to 38.7 cm. The relationships of weight-length showed a negative allometric growth pattern with a value of "b" of 2,666. Fulton's condition factor (KF) ranged from 0.10 to 5.45, with an average of 1.21±0.66 indicating perfect wellbeing for the species. The LLR's allometric coefficient ' b ' between TL vs. FL and TL vs. GL showed positive allometric growth, while SL vs. FL, SL vs. TL, SL vs. GL, and GL vs. TL showed negative allometric growth, although the values were close to 1. These findings also provided some new and updated information on some of the morphometric characters of Pomadasys jubelini in Obuama Creek that could be useful for fisheries management and fish species protection measures in the creek and adjacent habitats.  

Keywords: Condition factors; Obuama Creek; Pomadasys jubelini; LWRs; LLRs

Article Metrics:

  1. Adebiyi, F.A. 2013. Length frequency distribution, length - weight relationship and condition factor of sompat grunt Pomadasys jubelini (Cuvier, 1830) off Lagos coast, Nigeria. Pertanika J. Trop. Agricul. Sci., 36(4): 337-344
  2. Adesulu, E.A. & Sydenham, D.H.J. 2007. The freshwater fishes and fisheries of Nigeria. Macmillan Publishers Ltd., Nigeria. 397 pp
  3. Agbugui, M.O. 2013. Length-weight relationship and condition factor of Pomadasys jubelinini the New Calabar-Bonny River, Nigeria. World Rural Observations, 5(4): 50-53
  4. Agbugui, M.O. & Oniye, S.J. 2016. Some morphometric parameters of Pomadasys jubelini in the New Calabar - Bonny River, Porthacourt, Nigeria. Academia Arena, 5(8): 10-15
  5. Alam, M.M., Galib, S.M., Islam, M.M., Flowra, F.A. & Hussain, M.A. 2012. Morphometric study of the wild population of pool barb Puntius sophore (Hamilton, 1822) in the River Padma, Rajshahi, Bangladesh. Trends Fish. Res., (2): 10-13
  6. Anderson, R.O. & Newmann, R.M. 1996. Length weight and associated structural indices. In: Fisheries Techniques. Edited by Murphy BR, Willis DW. 2 ed. Bethesda, Maryland: American Fisheries Society
  7. Babatunde, D.O. & Aminu, R. 2013. Field guide to Nigerian Freshwater fishes. Remi Thomas Print, 144pp
  8. Blackwell, B.G., Brown, M.L. & Willis, D.W. 2000. Relative Weight (Wr) Status and Current Use in Fisheries Assessment and Management. Rev. Fish. Sci., 8: 1-44. https://doi.org/10.1080/10641260091129161
  9. Bodji I.M., Kouadio J.K., Alla Y.L., Ouattara N.I. & Atsé, A.C. 2013. Reproductive biology of the Sompat grunt, Pomadasys jubelini (Cuvier, 1830) in Côte d'Ivoire lagoons complex (West Africa). J. App. Biosci., 72: 5855-5868. https://doi.org/10.4314/jab.v72i1.99673
  10. Brown, J.H. 1971. Mechanisms of competitive exclusion between two species of chipmunks. Ecolog., 52: 305-311. https://doi.org/10.2307/1934589
  11. Brown, M.L. & Murphy, B.R. 1991. Standard weight (Ws) development for striped bass, white bass and hybrid striped bass. North Am. J. Fish. Manag., 11: 451-467. https://doi.org/10.1577/1548-8675(1991)011<0451:SWWSFS>2.3.CO;2
  12. Carpenter, K.E. 1996. Morphometric pattern and feeding mode inemperor fishes (Lethrinidae, Perciformes). In L.F. Marcus,M Corti, A. Loy, G. Naylor, D.E. Slice, (eds.). Advances inmorphometrics. NATO ASI Series A: Life Sciences, Vol.284. New York: Plenum Publ., pp. 479-487 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-9083-2_41
  13. Cavalcanti, M.J., Monteiro, L.R. & P.R.D. Lopes 1999. Landmark-based morphometric analysis in selected species of Serranid fishes (Perciformes: Teleostei) Zool. Stud. 38: 287-294
  14. Cheng, L., Sovan, L., Geraldine, L., Sithan, L & Zhongjie, L.2010. Variations of fish composition and diversity related to environmental variables in shallow lakes in the Yangtze River basin. Aqua. Living Res., 23: 417-426
  15. https://doi.org/10.1051/alr/2011001
  16. Daniels, A.O, & Oyediran, A.G. 2015. Length Frequency Distribution, Length-Weight Relationship and Condition Factor of Pomadasys jubelini (Cuvier, 1830) From Lagos Lagoon. Int. J. Recent Res. Life Sci. 2(4): 54-58
  17. Efanov S.F., Istomin, I.G. & Dolma tov, A.A. 1987. Influence of the form of fish body and mesh on selectivity properties of trawls. ICESCM, 13: 22
  18. El-Agami, A.E. 1988. Age determination and growth studies of Gerves oyena (Forskhall 775) in Arabian Gulf waters. Mahasagar, 21(1): 23-24
  19. Fehri-bedouI, R. & Gharbi, H. 2008. Sex-ratio, reproduction and feeding habits of Pomadasys incises (Haemulidae) in the Gulf of Tunis (Tunisia). Acta Adriatica, 49(1): 5-19
  20. Fiogbe, E.D. 2003. Morphometric relationships of commercially important fish species from Benin. p. 25-30. In M.L.D. Palomares, B. Samb, T. Diouf, J.M. Vakily and D. Pauly (eds.). Fish biodiversity: local studies as basis for global inferences. ACP-EU Fish. Res. Rep. 14, 281p
  21. Froese, R. 2006. Cube law, condition factor and weight-length relationships: history, meta-analysis and recommendations. J. App. Ichthyolog., 22: 241-253. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00805.x
  22. Froese, R. & Pauly, D. 2011. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org, version (accessed 29 December 2019)
  23. Froese, R. & Pauly, D. 2013. Species of Pomadasys in FishBase. August 2013 version. http://www.fishbase.org (accessed November 18, 2019)
  24. Hebert, P.D.N., Ratnasingham, S. & De-Waard, J.R. 2003. Barcoding animal life: cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 divergences among closely related species. Proceeding of Royal Society, London. B (Suppl.) 270: 96-99
  25. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2003.0025
  26. Hossain, M.Y., Ahmed, Z.F., Leunda, P.M., Jasmine, S., Oscoz, J., Miranda, R. & Ohtomi, J. 2006. Condition, length-length and length-weight relationships of the Asian striped catfish, Mystus vittatus (Bloch, 1794). (Siluriformes: Bagridae) in Mathagnanga River, south western Bangladesh. J. Appl. Ichthyol., 22(4): 304-307
  27. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00803.x
  28. Hossain, M.Y. 2010. Morphometric Relationships of Length-Weight and Length-Length of Four Cyprinid Small Indigenous Fish Species from the Padma River (NW Bangladesh). Turkish J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 10: 131-134. https://doi.org/10.4194/trjfas.2010.0118
  29. Gomiero, L.M. & Braga, F.M.B. 2005. The condition factor of fishes from two river basins in Sao Paulo Stae, Southeast of Brazil. Acta Sci. Maringa, 27: 73-78. https://doi.org/10.4025/actascibiolsci.v27i1.1368
  30. Idodo-Umeh, G. 2003. Fresh water fishes in Nigeria, (Taxonomy, Ecological notes, Diets and Utilization). Idodo-Umeh Publishers, Benin City. Nigeria. Pp 123-124
  31. Iyabo, U.B. 2015. Length-Weight Relationship and Condition Factor of Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus (Lacepede: 1803) of Ebonyi River, South Eastern Nigeria. Am. J. Agricul. Sci., 2(2): 70-74
  32. King, R.P. 1991. The biology of Tilapia mariae Boulenger, 1899 (Perciformes; Cichlidae) in a Nigerian rainforest stream. University of Port Hacourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria, Ph.D Thesis
  33. Le Cren, E.D. 1951. The length-weight relationship and seasonal cycle in gonad weight and condition in the perch (Perca fluviatilis). J. Anim. Ecolog. 20: 201-219. https://doi.org/10.2307/1540
  34. National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) 2017. Nigerian's fish production 2010-2015. Data is supplied, verified and validated by the National Bureau of Statistics, Nigeria (NBS). https:// www.nigerianstat.gov.ng/elibrary.Accessed on17 November 2018
  35. Nehemia, A., Maganira, J.D. & Rumisha, C., 2012. Length-Weight relationship and condition factor of tilapia species grown in marine and fresh water ponds. Agricul. Biolog. J. North Am., 3(3): 117-124. https://doi.org/10.5251/abjna.2012.3.3.117.124
  36. Nigeria Meteorological Agency (NMA) 2013. Nigeria climatic data; Awka. https://doi.org/10.4491/eer.2013. 18.2.095
  37. Olopade O.A. & Rufai, O.P. 2014. Composition, abundance and diversity of the Family Cichlidae in Oyan Dam, Ogun State, Nigeria. Biodiversitas 15:195-199. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d150211
  38. Oluwakayode, O.O., Oluboba T.F. & Adejumobi, K.O. 2016. Comparative Length-weight Relationship and Condition Factor of Two Haemulidae Family, Pomadasys jubelini and Pomadasys peroteti in Lagos Lagoon, Nigeria. Int. J. Modern Plant Animal Sci., 4(1): 10-19
  39. Pet J.S., Petsoede, C. & Vandensen, W.I.T. 1995. Comparison of methods for estimation of gillnet selection of tilapia, cyprinid and other fish species in Srilankan reservoir. Fish. Res. 24: 141-164. https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-7836(94)00364-3
  40. Petrakis, G. & Stergiou, K.I. 1995. Weight-length relationships for 33 fish species in Greek waters. Fisheries Res. 21(3-4): 465-469. https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-7836(94)00294-7
  41. Rahman, M.M., Hossain, M.Y., Jewel, M.A.S, Rahman, M.M., Jasmine, S., Abdallah, E.M. & Ohtomi, J. 2012. Population structure, length-weight and length-length relationships, and condition- and form-factors of the Pool barb Puntius sophore (Hamilton, 1822) (Cyprinidae) from the Chalan
  42. Beel, North-Central Bangladesh. Sains Malaysian, 41: 795-802
  43. Rypel, A.L. & Richter, T.J. 2008. Empirical percentile standard weight equation for the blacktail redhorse. North Am. J. Fish. Manag., 28: 1843-1846. https://doi.org/10.1577/M07-193.1
  44. Richter, T.J. 2007. Development and evaluation of standard weight equations for bridge lip suckers and large scale suckers. North Am. J. Fish. Manag., 27: 936-939. https://doi.org/10.1577/M06-087.1
  45. Ricker, W.E. 1968. Methods for assessment of fish production in fresh waters. International Biological Programme No. 3, Black-Well Scientific Publications, London. 313P
  46. Schineider, W. 1990. Field Guide to the Commercial Marine Resources of the Gulf of Guinea. FAO identification sheets for Fishery purposes. Rome.268p
  47. Snoeks, J. & Vreven, E.J. 2008. Haemulidae. p. 424-431. In M.L.J. Stiassny, G.G. Teugels and C.D. Hopkins (eds.) The fresh and brackish water fishes of Lower Guinea, West-Central Africa. Volume II. Collection Faune et Flore tropicales 42. Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France, and Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgium. 603 pp
  48. Tandon, K.K., Johal, M.S. & Bala, S.1993. Morphometry of Cirrhinus reba (Hamilton) from Kanjli wetland, Punjab, India. Res. Bull. Punjab Uni, Sci., 43(1-4): 73-78
  49. Tesch, F.W. 1968. Age and growth. In: Ricker WE, editor. Methods for Assessment of Fish Production in Fresh Waters. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Scientific Publications, pp. 98-130
  50. Viveen, W.J.A.R., Richter,C.J.J., Van Jassen, J.A.L. & Huisman, E.A. 1977. Practical Manual for the culture of the African catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Joint publication of the Directorate General International Cooperation of the ministry of foreign affairs. The Hague, The Netherlands, Department of Fish Culture and Fisheries of the Agricultural University of Wageningen, the Netherlands and Research Group for comparative Endocrinology, Department of Zoology of the University of Utrecht, Netherlands, 94pp

Last update: 2021-03-03 08:28:59

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-03-03 08:29:00

No citation recorded.