skip to main content

Contamination of Heavy Metals (Pb and Cu) at Tin Sea Mining Field and Its Impact to Marine Tourism and Fisheries

1Department of Aquatic Resources Management, Bangka Belitung University, Indonesia

2Department of Oceanographic, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

3Department of Mining Engineering, Bangka Belitung University, Indonesia

4 Department of Agribusiness Management, Graduate School of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Japan

View all affiliations
Received: 11 Mar 2021; Revised: 25 May 2021; Accepted: 27 May 2021; Published: 28 May 2021.

Citation Format:
Abstract

The dynamics of heavy metals (Pb and Cu) distribution near sea mining locations can show a negative impact on fisheries resource management. The study was conducted at the coastal area of Tanah Merah Beach, Central Bangka Regency, the geographical location at 02o12'50 "S and 106o13'00" E. This study aims to determine the extent of heavy metals (Pb and Cu) distribution adjacent sea mining field and its impact on marine tourism and fisheries. Purposive sampling method was used to identify the sampling locations from 13 closest locations to the farthest from marine mining sources. The result show that the closest and farthest Pb and Cu values from the tin mining activities were 0.16 mg.L-1; 0.03 mg.L-1 and 0.02 mg.L-1; <0.003 mg.L-1. The Hydro-oceanographic conditions from the highest to the lowest water currents of 0.03 m.s-1 - 0.001 m.s-1. This research represented the east monsoon, which showed that the heavy metal distributions dynamics are not too distance-reaching due to weak water currents, so that the dilution and sedimentation rate is slow. It is stated that the waters are polluted where the highest contamination value is indicated by the location closest to the source of marine mining and further weakened at the location farthest from the source of pollutants. Environmental impact from that activity has significantly threatened marine tourism and fishery activities by reducing economic benefits that given from marine and coastal environmental. Urgently, it is necessary to regulate like zoning tin mining activities and sites for the sustainable common purposes and prevent conflicts.

Note: This article has supplementary file(s).

Fulltext View|Download |  Research Instrument
Data dari laboratorium Baristan Palembang
Subject
Type Research Instrument
  Download (1MB)    Indexing metadata
Keywords: distributions; environmental impact; heavy metal; mining; Pb and Cu

Article Metrics:

  1. Adibrata, S., Kamal, M.M., & Yulianda, F. 2013. Daya dukung lingkungan untuk budidaya kerapu (Famili Serranidae) di perairan Pulau Pongok Kabupaten bangka Selatan. J. Pesisir dan Pulau-pulau Kecil, 2(1):43-58
  2. Adibrata, S., Yusuf, M., & Manullang, C. 2020. Ectoparasite Prevalences of Grouper Fish (Epinephelus fuscogutatus x Epinephelus polyphekadion) Cultured in Floating Net Cages. Indo. J. Mar. Sci., 25(1):23-30. https://doi.org/10.14710/ik.ijms.25.1.23-30
  3. Adibrata, S. 2013. Evaluasi kondisi terumbu karang di Pulau Ketawai Kabupaten Bangka Tengah. Jurnal Kelautan, 6(1):19-28. https://doi.org/10.21107/jk.v6i1.829
  4. Ahmad, F. 2013. Distribusi dan prediksi tingkat pencemaran logam berat (Pb, Cd, Cu, Zn, dan Ni) dalam sedimen di perairan Pulau Bangka menggunakan Indeks Beban Pencemaran dan Indeks Geoakumulasi. J. Ilmu Teknol. Kel. Trop., 5(1):170-181. https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v5i1.7763
  5. Ahmed, M.M., Doumenq, P., Awaleh, M.O., Syakti, A.D., Asia, L., & Chiron, S. 2017. Levels and sources of heavy metals and PAHs in sediment of Djibouti-city (Republic of Djibouti). Mar. Poll. Bull. 120(1-2):1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.05.055
  6. Arifin, Z. 2011. Konsentrasi logam berat di air, sedimen, dan biota di Teluk Kelabat, Pulau Bangka. J. Ilmu Teknol. Kel. Trop., 3(1):104-114. https://doi.org/10.28930/jitkt.v3i1.7839
  7. Baristand Laboratory. 2019. Test Report No. 391/BPPI/Baristand-Palembang-SERT.1/Up-0377 s/d Up-0389/V/2019. Palembang Institute For Industrial Research and Standarization. Baristand Industry Palembang Laboratory
  8. Bibby, R.L., & Webster-Brown, J.G. 2006. Trace metal adsorption onto urban stream suspended particulate matter (Auckland region, New Zealand). Appl. Geochem., 21:1135-1151
  9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2006.03.014
  10. Bidayani, E., Kurniawan., Anggeraini, L., & Aisyah, S. 2019. Utilization Conflict Analysis of Fisheries Resources with Tin Mining and Marine Tourism in East Coast of Bangka Island. In Proceedings of the 13th International Interdisciplinary Studies Seminar, IISS
  11. https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.23-10-2019.2293011
  12. Charlier, RH. 200). Impact on the Coastal Environment of Marine Aggregates Mining. Int. J. Environ. Stud., 59(3):297-322. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207230211304
  13. Cirik, Y., Bekci, Z.M., Buyukates, Y., Ilknur, A., & Merdivan, M. 2012. Heavy metals uptake from aqueous solutions using marine algae (Colpomenia sinuosa): kinetics and isotherms. Chem. Ecol., 28(5):469-480. https://doi.org/10.1080/02757540.2012.667084
  14. Hamad, S.H., Schauer, J.J., Shafer, M.M., Al-Raheem, A.E., & Satar, H. 2012. The distribution between the dissolved and the particulate forms of 49 metals across the Tigris River, Baghdad, Iraq. Sci. World J. 2012:1-13. https://doi.org/10.1100/2012/246059
  15. Haryadi, D., & Wahyudin, N. 2018. Local fisherman resistance in kelapa kampit coastal area toward offshore mining activities. In E3S Web of Conferences EDP Sciences, 47: p.05003. https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/20184705003
  16. Ip, C.C.M., Li, X.D., Zhang, G., Wong, C.S.C., & Zhang, W.L. 2005. Heavy metal and Pb isotopic compositions of aquatic organisms in the Pearl River Estuary, South China. Environ. Poll., 138:494-504. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2005.04.016
  17. Islam, M. S., & Tanaka, M. 2004. Impacts of pollution on coastal and marine ecosystems including coastal and marine fisheries and approach for management: a review and synthesis. Mar. Poll. Bull., 48(7-8):624-649. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2003.12.004
  18. Law of 2007 No. 27 juncto Law of 2014 No. 1. Pengelolaan Wilayah Pesisir dan Pulau-pulau Kecil. Lembaran Negara RI Tahun 2007 No. 84 dan Lembaran Negara RI Tahun 2014 No. 2. Jakarta
  19. Law of 2009 No.32. Perlindungan dan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup. Lembaran Negara RI Tahun 2009 No. 140. Jakarta
  20. Lenihan, H.S., Hench, J.L., Holbrook, S.J., Schmitt, R.J., & Potoski, M. 2015. Hydrodynamics influence coral performance through simultaneous direct and indirect effects. Ecolog., 96(6):1540-1549. https://doi.org/10.1890/14-1115.1
  21. Maslukah, L. 2013. Hubungan antara Konsentrasi Logam Berat Pb, Cd, Cu, Zn dengan Bahan Organik dan Ukuran Butir dalam Sedimen di Estuari Banjir Kanal Barat, Semarang. Bul. Oseanograf. Mar. 2:55-62. https://doi.org/10.14710/buloma.v2i3.6951
  22. Ministery of Environmental Decree of 2004 No. 51. Keputusan Menteri Negara Lingkungan Hidup. 2004. Baku Mutu Air Laut untuk Biota Laut. Jakarta
  23. Mohan., Divya, S., Arumugam, S., Jesslin, G., Edwin, T.P., & Soranam, R. 2016. Analysis of Water Quality Parameters and Heavy Metals Concentration from the Selected sites of Tamiraparani River, Tirunelveli District, Tamilnadu, India. Int. Res. J. Environment Sci. 5(7):47-54
  24. Najamuddin., Prartono, T., Sanusi, H.S., & Nurjaya, I.W. 2016. Seasonal distribution and geochemical fractionation of heavy metals from surface sediment in a tropical estuary of Jeneberang River, Indonesia. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 111:456-462. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.06.106
  25. Nurtjahya, E., Jennifer, F., Umroh., & Fournita, A. 2017. The Impact of Tin Mining in Bangka Belitung and its Reclamation Studies. MATEC Web Conferences 101:04010
  26. https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201710104010
  27. Osinga, R., Schutter, M., Griffioen, B., Wijffels, R.H., Verreth, J.A.J., Shafir, S., Henard, S., Taruffi, M., Gili, C., & Lavorano, S. 2011. The biology and economics of coral growth. Mar. Biotechnolog., 13:658-671. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10126-011-9382-7
  28. Puttiwongrak, A., Suteerasak, T., Mai, P.K., Hashimoto, K., Gonzalez, J.C., Rattanakom, R., & Prueksakorn, K. 2019. Application of multi-monitoring methods to investigate the contamination levels and dispersion of Pb and Zn from tin mining in coastal sediments at Saphan Hin, Phuket, Thailand. J. Cleaner Prod., 218:108-117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.01.254
  29. Ramadona, T., Rengi, P., Warningsih, T., Septya, F., Ngesti, S.M., & Purnomo, A. 2020. Does Capture Fisheries In The Vicinity of Tin Mining Area Sustainable?: A case study in Bangka Island, Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 430(1):p. 012015. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/430/1/012015
  30. Roy, K.J., & Smith, S.V. 1971. Sedimentation and coral reef development in turbid water: Fanning Lagoon. Pacific Science, 25:234-248
  31. Sagala, S.L., Bramawanto, R., Kuswardani, A.R.T.D., & Pranowo, W.S. 2014. Distribusi logam berat di perairan Natuna. J. Ilmu Teknolog. Kel. Trop., 6(2):297-310
  32. https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v6i2.9008
  33. Sebens, K.P., Grace, S.P., Helmuth, B., Maney Jr., E.J., & Miles, J.S. 1998. Water flow and prey capture by three scleractinian corals, Madracis mirabilis, Montastrea cavernosa, and Porites porites, in a field enclosure. Mar. Biolog., 131(2):347-360
  34. https://doi.org/10.1007/s002270050328
  35. Setiawan, H. 2013. Accumulation and distribution of heavy metals in mangrove vegetation in coastal waters of South Sulawesi. J. Ilmu Kehutanan, 7(1):12-24
  36. Steel, G. 2013. Mining and tourism: Urban transformations in the intermediate cities of Cajamarca and Cusco, Peru. Latin Am. Perspec., 40(2):237-249. https://doi.org/10.1177/0094582X12468866
  37. Sulista, S., Ibrahim, I., & Pratama, S. 2019. Accommodation, Resistance and Divided Community: Study of the Dynamics of Offshore Tin Mining Conflict Between the Fishermen of the Coastal Area and Companies in Bangka Island. People: Int. J. Soc. Sci., 5(3):275-296
  38. https://doi.org/10.20319/pijss.2019.53.275296
  39. Syakti, A.D., Demelas, C., Hidayati, N.V., Rakasiwi, G., Vassalo, L., Kumar, N., Prudent, P., & Doumenq, P. 2015. Heavy metal concentrations in natural and human-impacted sediments of Segara Anakan Lagoon, Indonesia. Environ. Monit. Assess., 187:4079:1-15
  40. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-014-4079-9
  41. Thomann, R.V., & Muller, J.A. 1987. Principles of surface water quality modeling and control. New York (US): Harper & Row
  42. Valeriani, D., & Wardhani, R.S. 2015. Alternative tourism in the belitung island with the blue tourism concepts as the effort to achieve the quality of life, quality of opportunity and quality of experience. Mediterr. J. Soc. Sci., 6(5 S5):p46. https://doi.org/10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n5s5p46
  43. Wang, Z., Wang, Y., Chen, L., Yan, C., Yan, Y., & Chi, Q. 2015. Assessment of metal contamination in coastal sediments of the Maluan Bay (China) using geochemical indices and multivariate statistical approaches. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 99:43-53
  44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.07.064
  45. Yulianti, A. 2019. Potentials of Leading Sectors In Bangka Belitung Island Province On 2013- 2017. J. Ekonom. Pembang., 17(1):32-39. https://doi.org/10.22219/jep.v17i1.7893

Last update: 2021-07-25 20:00:18

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-07-25 20:00:18

No citation recorded.