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Preliminary Observation of Biogas Production from a Mixture of Cattle Manure and Bagasse Residue in Different Composition Variations

1Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University. Jl. Prof. Soedarto, S.H., Tembalang, Semarang 50275, Indonesia

2Master Program of Energy, School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro University, Jl. Imam Bardjo S.H., Semarang 50241, Indonesia

3Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Diponegoro University, Jl. Prof. Sudarto S.H., Semarang 50275, Indonesia

4 Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Dian Nuswantoro University, Indonesia

5 Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Health, Dian Nuswantoro University, Indonesia

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Received: 15 Oct 2022; Revised: 10 Jan 2023; Accepted: 9 Feb 2023; Available online: 15 Feb 2023; Published: 15 Mar 2023.
Editor(s): Peter Nai Yuh Yek
Open Access Copyright (c) 2023 The Author(s). Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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The need of renewable energy is paramount important as it is expected to replace fossil energy. One of renewable energy commonly used for rural area is biomass-based energy. Biogas is a biomass-based energy where organic materials are converted to methane gas via anaerobic digestion process. The limitations of mono-feedstock biogas are instability digestion process, low yield biogas produced and require readjusting C/N ratio, therefore co-digestion process was proposed to overcome these problems. This study aims to investigate the feasibility of anaerobic co-digestion of a mixture of cattle manure and bagasse residue in different weight ratio combinations. Biogas was generated by anaerobic digestion using a mixed substrate composed of a combination of weight ratios of bagasse:cattle manure (1:5, 1:2, 1:1, and 3:1). The kinetic analysis was evaluated by fitting Gompertz and Logistic model to experimental data of cumulative biogas. The result showed that the combination of 1:5 ratio of bagasse waste to cattle manure obtained the best biogas yield with cumulative biogas at 31,000 mL. The kinetic model of Gompertz and Logistic were able to predict the maximum cumulative biogas at ratio of 1:5 (cattle: bagasse) at 31,157.66 mL and 30,112.12 mL, respectively. The other predictions of kinetic parameters were maximum biogas production rate (Rm)= 1,720.45 mL/day and 1,652.31 mL/day for Gompertz and Logistic model, respectively. Lag periods were obtained at 2.403 day and 2.612 day for Gompertz and Logistic model, respectively. The potential power generation of 338.71 Watt has been estimated from biogas. This research has proven a positive feasibility of co-digestion of two feed-stocks (cattle manure and bagasse) for biogas production.

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Keywords: Anaerobic digestion; bagasse; Gompertz; Logistic model; biogas; cattle manure

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