skip to main content

Analisis Sistem Pemilihan dan Daur Ulang Sampah Rumah Tangga di Daerah Perkotaan Menggunakan Pendekatan Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)

Department of Environmental Engineering, Universitas Universal, Panas River, Batam Kota, Batam City, Riau Islands 29444, Indonesia

Received: 14 Nov 2021; Revised: 19 Jan 2022; Accepted: 4 Feb 2022; Available online: 23 Feb 2022; Published: 5 Apr 2022.
Editor(s): H. Hadiyanto

Citation Format:
Abstract

Secara umum sistem pengelolan sampah padat rumah tangga yang ada di Kota Batam saat ini adalah dari sumber, pewadahan, pengumpulan, pemindahan, pengangkutan dan pemrosesan akhir. Salah satu proses yang dapat berpengaruh pada sistem pengelolaan sampah adalah proses daur ulang. Proses daur ulang belum dilakukan dengan baik dan maksimal karena dari setiap rumah tangga, sampah kemudian dikumpulkan dengan cara digabungkan tanpa memikirkan komponennya. Kurangnya proses pemisahan sampah berdasarkan komposisinya dapat berpengaruh pada lingkungan karena proses pengelolaan dan pengolahan tidak dilakukan dengan semestinya terutama pada saat pandemi seperti ini. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan potensi dampak lingkungan dengan membandingkan empat skenario daur ulang yang berhubungan dengan proses pemisahan sampah menggunakan life cycle assessment (LCA). Penelitian akan dibagi menjadi lima tahapan yaitu tahapan pengumpulan data sekunder, penentuan skenario pemisahan sampah dan daur ulang, life cycle assessment (LCA) pengolahan dan analisis data menggunakan perhitungan IPCC dan kesimpulan serta rekomendasi. Hasil menunjukan bahwa skenario pertama yaitu pemisahan dilakukan 0,002% dari total sampah Kota Batam memiliki persentase Global Warming Potential (GWP) tertingi sebesar 36,82% dengan CH4 merupakan potensi senyawa tertinggi yang mempengaruhi persentase GWP.

ABSTRACT

In general, the existing municipal solid waste management system in Batam City today is from the source, storage, collection, transfer, transportation and final disposal. One of the processes that can affect the waste management system is recycling. The recycling process has not been carried out optimally and adequately because of every household. Waste is then collected by combining it without thinking about the components. The lack of a waste separation process based on its composition can affect the environment because the management and processing process is not carried out properly, especially during a pandemic like this. This study aims to determine the potential environmental impact by comparing four recycling scenarios related to the waste separation process using a life cycle assessment (LCA). This study was divided into five steps first collected secondary data, determined waste separated and recycling scenario, data analyzed using IPCC, conclusion and recommendation. The results show that the first scenario, i.e. separation is done 0.002% of the total waste in Batam City, has the highest Global Warming Potential (GWP) percentage of 36.82%, with CH4 being the highest potential compound that affects the GWP percentage

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Sampah rumah tangga; LCA; GWP; Batam

Article Metrics:

  1. Adicita, Y., Apritama, M. R., & Afifah, A. S. (2020). Multi Criteria Decision Making pada Strategi Pengolahan Sampah Padat Perkotaan. JTERA (Jurnal Teknologi Rekayasa), 5(2), 191. https://doi.org/10.31544/jtera.v5.i2.2020.191-200
  2. Ariyani, S. F., Putra, H. P., Kasam, Damanhuri, E., & Sembiring, E. (2019). Evaluation of Waste Management in Piyungan Landfill, Bantul Regency, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. MATEC Web of Conferences, 280, 05018. https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201928005018
  3. Aziz, R., & Febriardy, F. (2016). Analisis Sistem Pengelolaan Sampah Perkantoran Kota Padang Menggunakan Metode Life Cycle Assessment. Jurnal Dampak, 13(2), 60. https://doi.org/10.25077/dampak.13.2.60-67.2016
  4. Bernstad, A., La Cour Jansen, J., & Aspegren, H. (2011). Life cycle assessment of a household solid waste source separation programme: A Swedish case study. Waste Management and Research, 29(10), 1027–1042. https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242X11406170
  5. Delgado, O. B., Ojeda-Benítez, S., & Márquez-Benavides, L. (2007). Comparative analysis of hazardous household waste in two Mexican regions. Waste Management. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2006.03.022
  6. Dimishkovska, B., Berisha, A., & Lisichkov, K. (2019). Estimation of methane emissions from Mirash municipal solid waste sanitary landfill, differences between IPPC 2006 and LandGEM method. Journal of Ecological Engineering, 20(5), 35–41. https://doi.org/10.12911/22998993/105332
  7. Dong, J., Ni, M., Chi, Y., Zou, D., & Fu, C. (2013). Life cycle and economic assessment of source-separated MSW collection with regard to greenhouse gas emissions: A case study in China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-013-1569-1
  8. Fikri, E., Purwanto, P., & Sunoko, H. R. (2018). Characteristics and Generation of Household Hazardous Waste (HHW) in Semarang City Indonesia. E3S Web of Conferences. https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/20183109026
  9. Lando, A. T., Rahim, I. R., Sari, K., Djamaluddin, I., Arifin, A. N., & Sari, A. M. (2021). Estimation of methane emissions from municipal solid waste landfill in makassar city based on ipcc waste model. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 841(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/841/1/012002
  10. Sohoo, I., Ritzkowski, M., Sohu, Z. A., Cinar, S. Ö., Chong, Z. K., & Kuchta, K. (2021). Estimation of methane production and electrical energy generation from municipal solid waste disposal sites in Pakistan. Energies, 14(9). https://doi.org/10.3390/en14092444
  11. Suryawan, I. W. K., Rahman, A., Septiariva, I. Y., Suhardono, S., & Wijaya, I. M. W. (2021). Life Cycle Assessment of Solid Waste Generation During and Before Pandemic of Covid-19 in Bali Province. Journal of Sustainability Science and Management, 16(1), 11–21. https://doi.org/10.46754/jssm.2021.01.002
  12. Thanh, N. P., Matsui, Y., & Fujiwara, T. (2010). Household solid waste generation and characteristic in a Mekong Delta city, Vietnam. Journal of Environmental Management. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.06.016
  13. Turner, D. A., Williams, I. D., & Kemp, S. (2015). Greenhouse gas emission factors for recycling of source-segregated waste materials. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 105(November), 186–197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2015.10.026
  14. Xu, L., Ling, M., Lu, Y., & Shen, M. (2017). Understanding household waste separation behaviour: Testing the roles of moral, past experience, and perceived policy effectiveness within the theory of planned behaviour. Sustainability (Switzerland), 9(4). https://doi.org/10.3390/su9040625
  15. Yuan, Y., Li, T., & Zhai, Q. (2020). Life cycle impact assessment of garbage-classification based municipal solid waste management systems: A comparative case study in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155310

Last update:

  1. Plastic packaging regulations in Padang: Bridging the gap between policy intentions and real-world implementation

    Nurul Ulfah, Nila Wahyuni, Yosef Adicita, R. Febrina, Z. Harirah, T. Puspita. E3S Web of Conferences, 506 , 2024. doi: 10.1051/e3sconf/202450606009

Last update: 2024-06-20 00:37:48

No citation recorded.