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Ketahanan Air Indonesia dalam Perspektif Ilmu Lingkungan dan Paradigma Nexus Pangan-Energi-Air Berkelanjutan

1Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional (BRIN), Indonesia

2Sekolah Ilmu Lingkungan, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia

Received: 13 Jun 2022; Revised: 2 Feb 2023; Accepted: 11 Feb 2023; Available online: 26 Mar 2023; Published: 5 Apr 2023.
Editor(s): Budi Warsito

Citation Format:
Abstract
Sumberdaya air merupakan salah satu elemen vital dalam menunjang kelangsungan hidup di bumi ini. Semakin tingginya kebutuhan terhadap sumberdaya air menjadikan kajian seputar ketersediaan air dan ketahanan air di suatu wilayah menjadi penting. Hal itu menjadikan ketahanan air memegang peranan vital dalam konsep keberlanjutan. Ketahanan air penting untuk dapat dicapai karena memiliki implikasi terhadap pencapaian ketahanan sektor-sektor lainnya, seperti energi dan pangan, secara nasional. Saat ini, pengelolaan dan pemanfaatan sumber daya air di Indonesia masih menghadapi beberapa tantangan yang mesti segera diselesaikan melalui kebijakan dan program yang berorientasi pada tercapainya ketahanan air. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk melakukan kajian dan analisis terhadap ketahanan air di Indonesia dalam perspektif Ilmu Lingkungan dan Nexus Pangan-Energi-Air Berkelanjutan. Melalui studi literatur yang dilakukan terhadap berbagai sumber yang relevan, tulisan ini juga berupaya memberikan pandangan terhadap arah kebijakan pengelolaan sumberdaya air di Indonesia. Hasil penelitian ini menjelaskan beberapa tantangan utama dalam ketahanan air di Indonesia merupakan persoalan yang belakangan semakin terasa dampaknya bagi keberlanjutan hidup penduduk Indonesia. Dari hasil identifikasi tantangan dalam ketahanan air di Indonesia, penelitian ini memberikan rekomendasi bagi arah kebijakan pengelolaan sumber daya air di Indonesia.
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Keywords: air; keberlanjutan; ketahanan; lingkungan; nexus Pangan-Energi-Air

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