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Contrastive Analysis of Vocal Phoneme Changes in the Affixation Process in Japanese and Indonesian: morphophonemic studies

Department of Japanese Language, Widyatama University, Jalan Cikutra No 204A Bandung Jawa Barat, Indonesia, 40125., Indonesia

Received: 30 Jan 2023; Revised: 29 Jul 2023; Accepted: 5 Sep 2023; Published: 5 Sep 2023.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2023 IZUMI under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/.

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Abstract

This research conducted by analyzing similarities and differences of phoneme changes on Japanese and Indonesian affixation process. The purpose of this research is to find out the similarities and differences of vowel phoneme changes on Japanese and Indonesian affixation process. This research is qualitative research, using the contrastive analysis with descriptive metods. Object of research is vowel phoneme that change on Japanese and Indonesian affixation process. Result of this study indicates that the similarities of the vowel changes on affixation are the Japanese /me/ prefix and Indonesian /me-/ prefix that do not have changes, but having the addition of phoneme when vowel phoneme follows. And the differences of vowel on affixation are Japanese /me/ and /o/ prefixes have the addition of phoneme, but Indonesian /me-/ and /ber-/ prefixes do not have.

 

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Keywords: Morphophonemic; Affixation; Phoneme changes; Contrastive

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